2Decline of the Roman Republic Main causes for the decline of the republicSpread of slavery in ___________________Migration and unemployment_________________________InflationCivil war over power of __________________________
3Civil war First triumvirate takes power (60 BCE) Fall of triumvirate Julius Caesar_____________Crassus diesPompey becomes _____________
4Civil war Caesar marches on Rome, starting _____________________ Pompey is killed in ___________________________ gains complete control of RomeJulius Caesar passes popular reformsSenators later assassinate __________________
5Second triumvirate Officially in power (43-33 BCE) War between Octavian and AntonyOctavian (Augustus Caesar)_________________Octavian winsBecomes first emperor of Rome – ______________________
6Roman Empire Augustus unifies and enlarges empire Issues of emperor Using imperial authority______________No peaceful transition process
7Expansion of Roman Empire Rome expands to:Secures expansion of Republic______________
9Pax Romana Begins under Augustus Caesar What was the Pax Romana?Begins under Augustus CaesarTwo centuries of _________________________Expansion and solidification of __________________
10Pax Romana Uniform money system Expanded trade Very good road Economic impact of Pax RomanaUniform money systemExpanded tradeVery good road______________________
11Pax Romana Returned stability to social classes Social impact of Pax RomanaPolitical impact of Pax RomanaReturned stability to social classesIncreased emphasis on ________________Created civil service__________________
12Cultural Contributions - Pantheon Temple in Rome honoring all the Roman gods and goddesses. Today it is a church
13Cultural Contributions – Colosseum Home of popular spectacle, such as gladiator battles and chariot races.
14Cultural Contributions - Forum Center of commerce and government in Rome.
15Cultural contributions – Aqueducts Aqueducts were bridges used to transport water. They supplied water for drinking and baths.
20Cultural Contributions Law_________________________________– Innocent until proven guilty
21Christianity Founder Roots in Judaism Holy Book Jesus of Nazareth (Jesus Christ)Monotheistic religionFirst followers were ________________________________New Testament – accounts of Jesus’ life and teachings of early Christians
22Christianity Jesus was son and incarnation of __________ Foundational BeliefsJesus was son and incarnation of __________Life after death existsPeace, love, and justiceGod loves the ________________________
23Christianity Message very popular with the ______________ Spread of ChristianityMessage very popular with the ______________Apostles spread word though _____________________Paul of Tarsus main preacher
24Christianity Persecution of Christians Conflicted with polytheism of Roman Empire_______________ inspired others
25Christianity Emperor Constantine converts Christianity becomes legal in 313Emperor Constantine convertsLater becomes official _______________________
26Christianity Church councils establish ______________________ Christianity as an important moral forceChurch councils establish ______________________Church (Pope) becomes more important than EmperorUnifying force in _________________________
27Fall of Rome Large size Economy Military Hard to defend and ___________________________Falling value of Roman money_________________________Non-Romans in Army were not loyal to Rome
28Fall of Rome Moral decay Political issues Invasion Loss of faith in Rome by peopleConflicts in government__________________________________________Eventual attack on Rome itself
29Fall of Rome Rome is divided in two Fall of Western Roman Empire Emperor Constantine moves capital to Byzantium, renames it _______________________Eastern Roman Empire ____________________________Last Roman Emperor in Rome in 476 CE