Presentation on theme: "Referencing Library and Learning Centre. Why should you give references? Fully acknowledge others work/ideas/inventions Show the breadth of your research."— Presentation transcript:
Why should you give references? Fully acknowledge others work/ideas/inventions Show the breadth of your research Others can find the material youve used So references need to be: Accurate Consistent Follow established standards
Citation / Reference The reference is the full bibliographic detail that you would include in the list at the end of your work. The citation is the brief information you would include in your text
Citing References In the text of your work, whenever you include a piece of information derived from another source (textbook, periodical article, web site etc) you must say where the information came from if a direct quote you need the page number. (Hart. 2004, p56.)
If copying text directly, you must quote: Most deaths from measles globally can be prevented by the end of the decade, thus virtually removing a major infectious disease scourge affecting children in developing countries (Salama et al. 2005, p213.) All names the first time, first name and et al. thereafter
An alternative is to paraphrase: Salama et al. (2005). concluded that by the end of the decade most deaths from measles can be prevented. OR In a recent study (Salama et al. 2005,) it was argued that most deaths from measles can be prevented by the end of the decade.
You must use a citation for: Direct quotations Paraphrases and summaries of others ideas Arguable assertions (i.e. anything controversial or not clearly factual) Statistics, charts, tables, graphs and images
You may not need a citation for: Common Knowledge or facts Your own ideas or discoveries BUT, if in doubt CITE!
Reference List/ Bibliography Included at the end of your work Lists the full details of all your sources (include page numbers from chapter books and journals) Links with all your citations References given in alphabetical order by authors surname
Make up of Reference To reference a quotation from an item you should record: Author, date, title, place of publication, publisher Format if not paper [Online], Pagination if it is an article or chapter book URL and date of viewing [ ] or ( )
Book Author(s) YearTitle in italics Hart, C., (1998). Doing a literature review, releasing the social science research imagination. London: Sage Place of Publication Publisher
Journal Author(s) / editor(s) Year Article Title Broadbridge, A. and Swanson, V. (2005). Earning and learning: how termtime employment impacts on students adjustment to university life. Journal of education and Work 18 (2) pp235-249 Volume Issue page no. Journal title in italics in italics
Website An example of a reference for a home page would be made up of the following elements: Organisation /name of homepage date title of page Department of health. 2008. Health inequalities: progress and next steps [Online]. Available at: http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsand statistics/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_08530 7 (Accessed: 3 June 2012) URL date accessed format
Reference Examples HORTON, R. C., 2004. MMR: Science and fiction. London: Granta. SALAMA, P., McFARLAND J., MULHOLLAND, K., 2005. Reaching the unreached with measles vaccination. The Lancet, 366(9488), pp.787-788.
Keep records and references Keep records of materials you gather ; a continuous open bibliography can be useful Be aware of the appropriate referencing style Check your work carefully
College Policy and Procedures Wiltshire College uses Harvard style referencing The College subscribe to a Plagiarism Detection Service called turnitin Any suspected piece of work may be submitted to the Service If you have plagiarised it may result in disciplinary procedures