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What this presentation covers: Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and examples End-Text References: rules and examples Introduction to the online guide on APA Referencing © Central Institute of Technology 2
What is Referencing? Referencing is a method of acknowledging sources of information that you have used in your written work. The APA (American Psychological Association) 6 th edition is the method now used at Central Institute of Technology. © Central Institute of Technology 4
Why do you reference? To show where you got the information from. To demonstrate how much research you did. To allow the reader (your lecturer) to be able to find and check the information. Study, 2007 © Central Institute of Technology 5
If you: quote (use someone elses exact words) paraphrase (convert someone elses ideas into your own words) summarise (use a brief account of someone elses ideas) copy (use statistics, figures, tables, images) Rottnest Island, 2008 © Central Institute of Technology
When do you not need to give references? References are not required for items of general knowledge or common knowledge. Common knowledge includes facts that are well known within the community in which they are used. An example: Rottnest Island is home to the quokka which is an Australian native animal. Quokka, 2008 © Central Institute of Technology
What if you dont reference? Plagiarism is the term used when someone copies another persons ideas or opinions as their own and doesnt acknowledge the original source of the information. Plagiarism, whether deliberate or accidental, is a form of cheating and is not acceptable. Remember, if you plagiarise in your assignment you may fail © Central Institute of Technology 8
Where can referencing information be found ? Book On the title page for the title, author and publisher On the back of the title page for the place and year of publication Journal/Magazine On the cover On the second page Down the spine © Central Institute of Technology 9
Step 1 When taking notes for an essay topic, write down all the relevant bibliographic details of your information source. For a book: author year of publication title edition place of publication publisher Note taking, 2007 © Central Institute of Technology 11
Step 2 Insert a brief citation at the appropriate place within the text of your essay where this information is used. Example of an In-Text Reference: Langford, 2002, p. 22 © Central Institute of Technology 12
Step 3 At the end of your assignment add a Reference List containing your information sources with full citations. Example of an End-Text Reference: Langford, M. (2002). Basic photography. Oxford: Focal Press. © Central Institute of Technology 13
General Rules for In-Text References Include: authors surname year of publication (latest edition) page numbers (if appropriate) Page numbers are not necessary when you summarise or paraphrase another persons ideas or opinions Example: …(Jones, 2010) OR Jones (2010)… Page numbers are only necessary when you use precise information or a quotation Example: …(Douglas, 2009, p. 22) OR Douglas (2009, p.22)… © Central Institute of Technology
General Rules for End-Text References List references in alphabetical order by author Where there is no author, use the title Use italics or underlining to indicate titles Separate each element of the citation with a full stop Second and subsequent lines of a citation should be indented 5 spaces © Central Institute of Technology
authors surname and initials year of publication title of book (underline or use italics) edition (if not the first) place of publication publisher © Central Institute of Technology
Book with Single Author Baker, C. (2004). Western Australia: Short stay guide. Sydney: Little Hills Press. © Central Institute of Technology
Book with Multiple Authors Ashworth, S., Turner, R., & Egger, S. (2004). Western Australia. Footscray: Lonely Planet Publications. © Central Institute of Technology
Printed Journal/Magazine Article authors surname and initials year of publication title of article name of journal (underline or use italics) volume number issue number or date page number(s) © Central Institute of Technology
Printed Journal/Magazine Article © Central Institute of Technology Adam, C. (2010). Island dreaming. Travel Weekly, (130),
authors surname and initials (or sponsor) year of creation (or update year) title of web page (underline or use italics) Retrieved from name of URL (web address) © Central Institute of Technology
Copyright Ecotourism Australia © 2011 Web Page Ecotourism Australia. (2011). Welcome to ecotourism Australia. Retrieved from © Central Institute of Technology
If you require further assistance with referencing: Ask at the Library Service Desk Check out the online guide on APA Referencing on the library © Central Institute of Technology 25
Library Website: Links to APA Referencing Guide
© Central Institute of Technology Reference List for Images Note taking. (2007). ClipArt used with permission from Microsoft. Quokka [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from Rottnest Island [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from Study [Image]. (2007). ClipArt used with permission from Microsoft.
[View this presentation in Slide Show mode]. Outline of Presentation: Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and.
Event Studies. Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and examples End-Text References: rules and examples 3 Class.
Referencing Information Sources: Using the APA Style [View presentation in Slide Show mode]
What today’s session will cover: Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References End-Text References Examples - books, websites Introduction.
What today’s session will cover: Research Strategy: 5 stages Finding information on the library website Searching the library catalogue Searching an online.
For Events Studies. Session Outline: The Research Cycle: 5 stages Finding information - Events subject guide Searching the library catalogue Finding magazine.
PLAGIARISM How to avoid it!. Outline of Presentation What is plagiarism? Examples of plagiarism Why students plagiarise Common student excuses.
All My Own Work: Module 2 Acknowledging Sources Source:
APA Referencing. Answering the Question Clarify the question Identify task Note taking Guidelines Methods How Readings Become Assignments Essay Writing.
Bibliographies & Footnotes Waid Academy Library, May 2009.
What today’s session will cover: Research Cycle: 5 stages Finding information on the library website: selected websites, ebooks, subject guides Searching.
APA Citation Style & Avoiding Plagiarism Jennifer Adams Vaughan Memorial Library Room 425, 2 nd floor
Research Vocabulary. Research The investigation of a particular topic using a variety of reliable resources.
PRESENTING CORRECT BIBLIOGRAPHIES SOMETIMES CALLED REFERENCING Partly based on Graham Taylor’s presentation from Unley High School.
How to Write a Reference List?. What is referencing? A standard method to acknowledge the sources of information and ideas you have used in an assignment.
Effective Research – Mrs. Bastone, Head of Learning Resources LVS Resources – Mrs. Keeler, LRC Manager Autumn 2015.
Introduction to Citations and Bibliographic Writing Formats.
APA Review. Formal vs Informal Writing APA Layout Your essay should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all.
Acknowledging Sources. What is included in the content of this module? This module explains how and why sources used in the creation of students' work.
Effective Research & Resources Mrs. Bastone, Head of Learning Resources Autumn 2015.
Referencing Harvard APA (6 th ed.). Referencing Academic writing requires you to understand the ideas and writing of other people. You should always acknowledge.
Image courtesy of tratong freedigitalphotos.net. Outline of Session 1.Research Skills: 5 stages 2.Search for information on the Sugar Industry: From.
Referencing NOT Plagiarising! Based on Referencing not Plagiarising, University of Manchester.
Creating Citations Objective: Students will understand how to create a citation using MLA format.
What today’s session will cover: Research Strategy: 5 stages Finding information on the library website: selected websites, ebooks, subject guides Searching.
Session Outline: 1. Research Strategy - the 8 steps including: Finding information on the subject guide Searching the library catalogue Searching online.
Edward G. Schumacher Memorial Library MLA STYLE: CREDITING SOURCES AND AVOIDING PLAGIARISM.
Banda Ramadan - Citing and Referencing 1 Communication Skills (603281) Citing and Referencing.
Harvard Referencing Objectives Reference the work of others within your assignment Create a bibliography Referencing and.
Conducting and Tracking Research Academic Argument Research.
Cordova High School Library Plagiarism and Citations.
Referencing & Bibliographies. When to reference quoting the exact words of another writer closely summarising a passage from another writer (paraphrasing)
Referencing & Bibliography Guide. Referencing Citing in your coursework acknowledges the publications where you obtained information. A reference list.
ONESEARCH & REFERENCING Library Skills. Outcomes By the end of this session you should be able to: ■Identify and name keywords and synonyms relating to.
REFERENCING GUIDE REFERENCING GUIDE ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENTS… Fiona Maistry
1 Unit 5 Seminar: APA Basic and Reference Pages. 2 Understand the basics A source is an article, book, or other resource you have used to support you.
Referencing, NOT Plagiarising!. Outline Referencing Citations Creating a reference list Plagiarism Recognising what it is How to avoid it.
Research Skills. Overview of this Session Introduction to defining your research topic Look at sources of information Library collection Online.
An Introduction to MLA Citation & Format Clovis Community College Center.
How to reference your sources How to avoid plagiarism How to create a bibliography.
1 Preliminaries 1.Log on to computer 2.Go to: 3.Put in password “apaprac”
An Introduction to Referencing ©The Learning Quality Support Unit, 2013.
Harvard Style. This should sound familiar… We covered some similar ground in Session 9 If it does not sound familiar, were you… Away from class? Asleep?
Referencing your work and how to avoid plagiarism.
Referencing Library and Learning Centre. Why should you give references? Fully acknowledge others work/ideas/inventions Show the breadth of your research.
Citations and Works Cited Page Research Essentials.
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