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Event Studies. Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and examples End-Text References: rules and examples 3 Class.

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Presentation on theme: "Event Studies. Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and examples End-Text References: rules and examples 3 Class."— Presentation transcript:

1 Event Studies

2 Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and examples End-Text References: rules and examples 3 Class Exercises 3 Written Exercises Introduction to the online guide on APA Referencing © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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4 What is Referencing? Referencing is a method of acknowledging sources of information that you have used in your written work. The APA (American Psychological Association) 6 th edition is the method now used at Central Institute of Technology. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

5 Why do you reference? To show where you got the information from. To demonstrate how much research you did. To allow the reader (your lecturer) to be able to find and check the information. Study, 2007 © Central Institute of Technology

6 When do you have to reference? If you: 1. quote (use someone else’s exact words) 2. paraphrase (convert someone else’s ideas into your own words) 3. summarise (use a brief account of someone else’s ideas) 4. copy (use statistics, figures, tables, images) Rottnest Island, 2008 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

7 When do you not need to give references? References are not required for items of general knowledge or common knowledge. Common knowledge includes facts that are well known within the community in which they are used. An example: Rottnest Island is home to the quokka which is an Australian native animal. Quokka, 2008 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

8 What if you don’t reference?  Plagiarism is the term used when someone copies another person’s ideas or opinions as their own and doesn’t acknowledge the original source of the information.  Plagiarism, whether deliberate or accidental, is a form of cheating and is not acceptable.  Remember, if you plagiarise in your assignment you may fail  © Central Institute of Technology 2014

9 Where can referencing information be found? Book On the title page for the title, author and publisher On the back of the title page for the place and year of publication Journal/Magazine On the cover On the second page Down the spine © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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11 Step 1 When taking notes for an essay topic, write down all the relevant bibliographic details of your information source. For a book: author year of publication title edition place of publication publisher Note taking, 2007 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

12 Step 2 Insert a brief citation at the appropriate place within the text of your essay where this information is used. Example of an In-Text Reference: Freeman, 2010, p. 24 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

13 Step 3 At the end of your assignment add a Reference List containing your information sources with full citations. Example of an End-Text Reference: Freeman, M. (2010). Basic guide to event management. Oxford: Focal Press. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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15 General Rules for In-Text References Include: author’s surname year of publication (latest edition) page numbers (if appropriate) Page numbers are not necessary when you summarise or paraphrase another person’s ideas or opinions Example: …(Jones, 2010) OR Jones (2010)… Page numbers are only necessary when you use precise information or a quotation Example: …(Douglas, 2009, p. 22) OR Douglas (2009, p.22)… © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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17 General Rules for End-Text References List references in alphabetical order by author/sponsor Where there is no author/sponsor, use the title Use italics or underlining to indicate titles Separate each element of the citation with a full stop Second and subsequent lines of a citation should be indented 5 spaces © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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19  author’s surname and initials  year of publication  title of book (underline or use italics)  edition (if not the first)  place of publication  publisher © Central Institute of Technology 2014

20 Title Page Back of Title Page

21 Conway, D. (2006). The event manager’s bible: How to plan and deliver an event (2 nd ed.). Oxford: How To Books. (Conway, 2006, p. 19) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

22  author’s surname and initials  year of publication  title of article  name of journal/magazine (underline or use italics)  volume number  issue number or date  page number(s) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

23 INSIDE ARTICLE The Events Industry in 2020 Story by Rob Frank Page 40

24 Frank. R. (2010). The events industry in Mice.net, April, 40. (Frank, 2010, p. 40) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

25  name of author or sponsor or organisation  year of creation (or update year)  title of web page (underline or use italics)  Retrieved from name of URL (web address) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

26 © Copyright 2013 Tennis Australia

27 Tennis Australia. (2013). Tournaments. Retrieved from (Tennis Australia, 2013) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

28 Referencing an Image © Central Institute of Technology 2014 In-Text Rottnest Island, 2008 End-Text Rottnest Island [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from

29 Book Book © Central Institute of Technology 2014

30 Harris, M. (2012). Essential event planning kit. London: Collins Publishers. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

31 Journal/Magazine Article © Central Institute of Technology 2014

32 Adams, T. (2013). An event to remember, Micenet, July, © Central Institute of Technology 2014

33 Web Page Web Page  name of author or sponsor or organisation  year of creation (or update year)  title of web page (underline or use italics)  Retrieved from name of URL (web address) (NOW DO EXERCISE 3) (NOW DO EXERCISE 3) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

34 Tourism Australia. (2012). Plan your event. Retrieved from australia.com/plan-your-event.aspx © Central Institute of Technology 2014

35 If you require further assistance with referencing:  Ask at the Library Service Desk   Check out the online guide on APA Referencing at: © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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37 Reference List for Images Note taking. (2007). ClipArt used with permission from Microsoft. Quokka [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from Rottnest Island [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from Study [Image]. (2007). ClipArt used with permission from Microsoft.


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