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Referencing Information Sources: Using the APA Style [View presentation in Slide Show mode]

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1 Referencing Information Sources: Using the APA Style [View presentation in Slide Show mode]

2 Outline of Presentation: Outline of Presentation: Frequently Asked Questions 3 Steps in Referencing In-Text References: rules and examples End-Text References: rules and examples (8) 3 Written Exercises Introduction to the online guide on APA Referencing

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4 What is Referencing? Referencing is a method of acknowledging sources of information that you have used in your written work. The APA (American Psychological Association) 6 th edition is the method now used at Central Institute of Technology. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

5 Why do you reference? To acknowledge the source of information and ideas of others. To show the breadth of your research. To allow the reader to be able to find and verify the information. Study 2007 Study, 2007 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

6 When do you have to reference? When do you have to reference? If you: 1. quote (use someone else’s exact words) 2. paraphrase (convert someone else’s ideas into your own words) 3. summarise (use a brief account of someone else’s ideas) 4. copy (use statistics, figures, tables, images) Rottnest Island, 2008 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

7 When do you not need to give references? References are not required for items of general knowledge or common knowledge. Common knowledge includes facts that are well known within the community in which they are used. An example: Rottnest Island is home to the quokka which is an Australian native animal. Quokka, 2008 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

8 What if you don’t reference? What if you don’t reference?  Plagiarism is the term used when someone copies another person’s ideas or opinions as their own and doesn’t acknowledge the original source of the information.  Plagiarism, whether deliberate or accidental, is a form of cheating and is not acceptable.  Remember, if you plagiarise in your assignment you may fail 

9 Where can referencing information be found ? Book On the title page for the title, author and publisher On the back of the title page for the place and year of publication Journal/Magazine On the cover On the second page Down the spine © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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11 Step 1 When taking notes for an essay topic, write down all the relevant bibliographic details of your information source. For a book: author’s surname and initials year of publication title of book edition place of publication publisher Note taking, 2007 © Central Institute of Technology 2014

12 Step 2 Insert a brief citation at the appropriate place within the text of your essay where this information is used. Example of an In-Text Reference: Baker (2004, p. 27) suggests… © Central Institute of Technology 2014

13 Step 3 At the end of your assignment add a Reference List containing your information sources with full citations. Example of an End-Text Reference: Baker, C. (2004). Western Australia: Short stay guide. Sydney: Little Hills Press. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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15 General Rules for In-Text References Include: author’s surname year of publication (latest edition) page numbers (if appropriate) Page numbers are not necessary when you summarise or paraphrase another person’s ideas or opinions Example: …(Jones, 2010) OR Jones (2010)… Page numbers are only necessary when you use precise information or a quotation Example: …(Douglas, 2009, p. 22) OR Douglas (2009, p.22)… © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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17 General Rules for End-Text References List references in alphabetical order by author or sponsor Where there is no author or sponsor use the title Use italics or underlining to indicate titles Separate each element of the citation with a full stop Second and subsequent lines of a citation should be indented 5 spaces © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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19  author’s surname and initials  year of publication  title of book (underline or use italics)  edition (if not the first)  place of publication  publisher

20 Book with Single Author Baker, C. (2004). Western Australia: Short stay guide. Sydney: Little Hills Press. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

21 Book with Multiple Authors Ashworth, S., Turner, R., & Egger, S. (2004). Western Australia. Footscray, Victoria: Lonely Planet Publications. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

22  author’s surname and initials  year of publication  title of article  name of journal/magazine (underline or use italics)  volume number  issue number or date  page number(s)

23 Printed Journal/Magazine Article © Central Institute of Technology 2014 Adam, C. (2010). Island dreaming. Travel Weekly, (130),

24  author’s surname and initials  year of publication  title of article  name of journal (underline or use italics)  volume number  issue number or date  page number(s)  Retrieved from URL of database

25 Online Journal/Magazine Article © Central Institute of Technology New look for Lizard Island. (2011). Hotel & Accommodation Management, 15(2), 15. Retrieved from

26  name of author or sponsor or organisation  year of creation (or update year)  title of web page (underline or use italics)  Retrieved from URL (web address)

27 Copyright Ecotourism Australia © 2011 Web Page Ecotourism Australia. (2011). Welcome to ecotourism Australia. Retrieved from © Central Institute of Technology 2014

28 PDF from a Website Documents/Quarterly_Tourism_Snapshot__Year_Ending_ March_2011.pdf Research Tourism Western Australia. (2011). Quarterly visitor snapshot: Year ending June Retrieved from Quarterly_Tourism_Snapshot_Year_Ending_March_2011.pdf © Central Institute of Technology 2014

29 Brochure Rottnest Island Authority. (2010). I spy with my little island guide: Summer 2010/2011. [Brochure]. Rottnest Island Authority. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

30 An Image © Central Institute of Technology 2014 In-Text Rottnest Island, 2008 End-Text Rottnest Island [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from

31 Book © Central Institute of Technology 2014

32 EXERCISE 1: ANSWER White, T. (2012). Walking tours of Tasmania. London: Collins Publishers. © Central Institute of Technology 2014

33 Printed Journal/Magazine Article © Central Institute of Technology 2014

34 EXERCISE 2: ANSWER Adams, T. (2013). Australia’s world heritage sites. Australian Geographic, (90), © Central Institute of Technology 2014

35 Web Page Web Page  name of author or sponsor or organisation  year of creation (or update year)  title of web page (underline or use italics)  Retrieved from URL (web address) (NOW DO EXERCISE 3) (NOW DO EXERCISE 3) © Central Institute of Technology 2014

36 EXERCISE 3: ANSWER © Central Institute of Technology 2014 Tourism Australia. (2013). The cruise industry. Retrieved from markets/the-cruise-industry.aspx

37 © Central Institute of Technology 2014 If you require further assistance with referencing:  Ask at the Library Service Desk   Check out the online guide on APA Referencing at:

38 Library Website: Links to APA Referencing Guides © Central Institute of Technology 2014

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40 Reference List for Images Note taking. (2007). ClipArt used with permission from Microsoft. Quokka [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from Rottnest Island [Image]. (2008). Retrieved from Study [Image]. (2007). ClipArt used with permission from Microsoft.


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