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Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air.

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Presentation on theme: "Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air."— Presentation transcript:

1 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Head of Air Quality Unit Environmental Monitoring Area Regional Environmental Protection Agency Silvia Anna Bellinzona Director Environmental Monitoring Area Regional Environmental Protection Agency

2 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona National legislation Directive 2008/50/EC and Directive 2004/107/EC were transposed by legislative decree 13 August 2010, n. 155 ASSESSMENT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION

3 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona National legislation

4 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona SOURCE : REPORT EEA 2012

5 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Assessment: monitoring networks in Italy at the date of Directive implementation SOURCE : REPORT EEA 2012

6 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Stations - Year 2009 UrbanSuburbanRural Tipe of station TIFN.C.Tot.TIFN.C.Tot.TIFN.C.Tot.Total Number of stations Source: Ispra annuario statistico 2010 – EOI Stations Assessment: monitoring networks in Italy at the date of Directive implementation

7 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona New dispositions With the entry into force of Legislative Decree 155/10 have been provided: -New criteria for the zoning of the territory -New criteria for monitoring networks -Additional dispositions for the elaboration of air quality plans -Strengthening procedures for harmonization of the national and regional tools REGIONS Competent authorities for air quality assessment and management STATE Coordination, and financial support Rules about related fields

8 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Emission reduction in Italy (considering 100% in year 2000) Source : ISPRA Emission Inventory

9 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Evolution of AQ in Milan

10 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Assessment – Air Quality in Italy PM10 d.v. exceedancees Year 2010 Source: questionnaire decision 2004/461/CE PM10 and NO2 did not comply with UE limits in some monitoring stations, Ozone and BaP did not respect UE objectives => Air quality plans and programmes at regional and national level had (and have) to be implemented

11 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona MODIS il 17 marzo 2005 (Text and image courtesy of NASA's MODIS Land Rapid Response Team) 50 km to Pre – Alps 90 km to Alps Bernina 4050 m a. s. l. Grigna 2500 m a. s. l. Milan and Po Valley

12 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Orography influence on meteo conditions High number of days with anticyclonic conditions Lack in wind

13 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Lombardy Region – Emission Inventory 13 What to do: Source: Inemar

14 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Residential heating: biomass contribution

15 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Traffic – PM10 Contribution brakes

16 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Lombardia PRIA Regional Programme for Improving Air Quality public transport development Trucks and HLV Private duty vehicle fleets Private cars and motocycles progressive ban of pre-euro, diesel euro I, II and III cars and 2 strokes motorcycles Traffic Emissions BAT for industrial plants within IPPC regional procedures Continuous emissions monitoring system for main industrial plants Complete shift of TE PP from conventional to methane integrated cycles (7000 MWe) Residential biomass combustion regulation Stationary sources emissions Energy certification of buildings (new, existing) Heat sharing out (within buildings with centralized heating plants) Domestic boilers (4 Star boilers, …) Energy saving Reduction of NH3 (a main PM10 precursory) emissions from agricoltural sewage shedding Agriculture and breeding sectors

17 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona PRIA – Assesed scenarios Achieve UE daily limits on PM10 in all PM10 monitoring stations 50% Nox emission reduction is needed >50% reduction on both PM10 primary and precursors emissions is needed Achieve NO2 annual mean limit in all the traffic stations

18 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Big Challange Policy in order to limit both primary and secondary sources Comparison Pro-Capita & Pro-GDP emissions Lombardia vs. EU27

19 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Conclusions control of peaks – avoid critical situations Local Regional Programme for Improving Air Quality (PRIA) (last one has been approved in Lombardia last 6 th September) Regional Coherence between climate and AQ policies (e.g residential biomass and renewables) Coherence in both development and transport policies National Sectorial emission standards Timing vehicles Euro VI standards) Residential biomass combustion into fireplace and stoves; off-road; tyres and brake) Air quality with specific priority within EU funding? European Union

20 Malta, 3rd October 2013 Conference on Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental legislation Actions and policies in the implementation of the Air Quality Directive in Italy Guido Lanzani Silvia Anna Bellinzona Acknowledgments A special thank to Fabio Romeo, Italian Ministry of Environment Land and Sea, for the contribution to this presentation with the descriptions of national situation And…

21 Thank You for Your attention


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