Presentation on theme: "AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT IN POLAND - air protection programmes for Silesia region Dorota Kamińska Ministry of the Environment Poland."— Presentation transcript:
AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT IN POLAND - air protection programmes for Silesia region Dorota Kamińska Ministry of the Environment Poland
Transposition Air Quality Framework Directive (96/62/EC) together with daughters directives (99/30/EC, 2000/69/EC, 2002/3/EC) the Act of 27 April 2001 Environmental Protection Act and : Ministers of Environment Regulation of 6 th June 2002 on the permissible levels of certain substances in the air, the alert levels for certain substances in the air and the tolerance margin for permissible levels of certain substances, Ministers of Environment Regulation of 6 th June 2002 on the assessment of the substances levels in the air, Ministers of Environment Regulation of 5 th July 2002 on detailed requirement to be met by the air protection programmes.
Who is responsible for air quality assessment and management in Poland at regional level? Voivodship Inspectorate for Environmental Protection assesses air quality Voivode that represents government at regional level is obliged to establish, by way of Regulation, programme to improve air quality (air protection programme)
Rules of air quality assessment in Poland According to Polish provisions zones are defined as: -an agglomeration with a population in excess of area of Poviat (local level) which is not part of agglomeration 362 zones for protection of human health 314 zones for protection of vegetation (excluding 13 agglomerations and 35 cities-Poviat)
The first air quality assessment in Poland The air quality assessment for 2002 was the first assessment carried out in compliance with new rules The new methods of air quality assessment were not fully applied due to very short time for adapting the system to the new obligations Data available for 2002 had been selected before they were used to assess air quality Not always the result of assessment could be used for classifying the zone to the specified class Poland has set the interim class B/C or A/C
Results of zone classification for PM10 based on the first annual air quality assessment for 2002 – with criteria for human health Class A the levels of substances do not exceed the limit values Class B the level of substance falls between the limit value and the limit value plus the margin of tolerance Class C the level of substance exceeds the limit value plus the margin of tolerance Class B/C the level of substance may exceeds the limit value plus the margin of tolerance (the result of assessment could not be used for classification the zone to the class C)
The result of the first air quality assessment in Poland 13 zones were classified as C – for air protection programme
Air quality assessment and management in Silesia region General characteristic of Silesia region Area of Silesia Voivodship – approximately km 2 Number of cities – 68 Population – 4,9 mln Population density – 398 people per km 2 (123 – average population density in Poland) the most industrialised area in Poland !
Result of the first air quality assessment in Silesia Voivodship – PM10 e
How did Voivode prepare the regulations? The base for regulations was elaboration entitled The ambient air protection programme in Silesia voivodship, inclusive Silesia Agglomeration, Częstochowska Agglomeration and zone of Bielsko-Biała-city. The documentation was prepared by experts who represented various institutions: Centre of Research and Environment Control Polish Academy of Science Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas Institute of Meteorology and Water Management Silesia Voivodship Office Inspectorate for Environmental Protection in Silesia Voivodship
The most important elements of the programmes
Main sources of PM10 emissions in Silesia region
The level of PM10 concentration depending on season zima = winter, lato = summer 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 – sampling points Da+MT – limit value plus the margin of tolerance
Measures that have to be taken for reduction of PM10 emissions (I) Reduction of PM10 relating to production of heat for housing. Increasing of filter efficiency in existing industrial installations, together with reduction non organised and second emission from industry. Adaptation of large combustion plants to BAT requirements. Reduction and elimination of secondary emission from dump surface, in particular thermal active dump surface and industrial and municipal landfill. Development of industrial automatic monitoring system of PM emissions from IPPC installations. Reduction of PM10 emission from industry, building and municipal activities.
Measures that have to be taken for reduction of PM10 emissions (II) Reduction of transport-related pollution, for example by: continuation of road investment at regional level (expressway) modernisation and reconstruction of road in cities of Śląska Agglomeration road structure modernisation and bypass building in Częstochowa and Bielsko-Biała development and modernisation of railway and tramway changes in traffic organisation at local and regional level modernisation of public transportation means keeping clean of roads pavement parkings building out of the cities centre together with passenger collective transports promotion elimination of the transportation means which do not conform to the environmental standards creation of areas with limited traffic
Measures that have to be taken for reduction of PM10 emissions (III) Accounting of measures concerning PM10 reduction in spatial planning. Support of local initiatives for grass burning prevention and reduction of secondary emission Researches, monitoring development, short and long term forecast systems development Ecological education
Conclusions According to the Voivodes regulation programmes should be realised by the end of There is a necessity to take into account impact of possible transport development in Poland, which may affect the results of the programme to be expected in municipal economy sector