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Les pronoms y et en. Le pronom Y The pronoun Y is used to replace a place or location in a sentence once the place, location or destination has been identified.

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Presentation on theme: "Les pronoms y et en. Le pronom Y The pronoun Y is used to replace a place or location in a sentence once the place, location or destination has been identified."— Presentation transcript:

1 Les pronoms y et en

2 Le pronom Y The pronoun Y is used to replace a place or location in a sentence once the place, location or destination has been identified. Y also may replace à plus a noun. Remember, pronouns are used to replace nouns that are already mentioned to avoid repetition.

3 Key to using Y The following prepositions indicate places, locations, and destinations and therefore indicate that Y should be used as the pronoun. It is also used to replace nouns which are not locations but follow one of these prepositions. à to, at sur on sous under dans in chez at the en In (fem countries) au to the, at the (masc. countries) à la to the, at the à l to the, at the (vowels or H) aux to the, at the

4 Placing the pronoun Y 1.In a simple sentence (present, imperfect, future, conditional, subjunctive) y goes before the verb: Est-ce que tu vas à HEB? Oui, jy vais.Yes, I go there. 2. In the passé composé and other compound tenses, y goes before the auxiliary (helping) verb avoir or être. Est-ce que tu as voyagé en France? Oui, jy ai voyagé.Yes, I have traveled there. Non, je ny vais pas! Non, je ny ai pas voyagé

5 Placing the pronoun Y 3.In a positive command the y goes after the verb: Est-ce que je dois aller à Klein Collins? Oui, vas-y (allez-y) Yes, go there. 4. In negative commands the y goes before the conjugated verb. Est-ce que je dois aller à la fête? Non, ny viens pas. No, dont come to it.

6 Placing the pronoun Y 5.In a sentence with an infinitive the y goes before the infinitive: Est-ce que je dois placer les clés sur la table? Oui, tu dois y placer les clés. Yes, you should place the keys there. Non, tu ne dois pas y placer les clés

7 Le pronom EN-(SOME, ANY, OF IT) The pronoun EN is used to replace a quantity of something. It also replaces a noun which follows de, du, de la, de l and des. (Remember, pronouns are used to replace nouns that are already mentioned to avoid repetition.)

8 Key to using EN The following prepositions indicate quantities and therefore indicate that EN should be used as the pronoun. It is also used to replace nouns which come after expressions of quantity and numbers. de some du Some (m.) de l some des some un/une one, a beaucoup de a lot of combien de how many of assez de enough of

9 Placing the pronoun EN 1.In a simple sentence (present, imperfect, future, conditional, subjunctive) en goes before the verb: Est-ce que tu veux de la salade? Oui, jen veux.Yes, Id like some. 2. In the passé composé and other compound tenses, en goes before the auxiliary verb avoir or être. Est-ce que tu as mangé du poulet? Oui, jen ai mangé.Yes, I ate some. Non, je nen veux pas Non, je nen ai pas mangé. No, I did not eat any.

10 Placing the pronoun EN 3.In a positive command the en goes after the verb: Est-ce que je dois envoyer des invitations? Oui, envoies-en!Yes, mail some. 4. In negative commands the en goes before the conjugated verb. Est-ce que je dois apporter des disques? Non, nen apporte pas. No, dont bring any.

11 Placing the pronoun EN 5.In a sentence with an infinitive the en goes before the infinitive: Est-ce que je dois placer des plats sur la table? Oui, tu dois en placer sur la table. Yes, you should place some on the table. Non, tu ne dois pas en placer sur la table.


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