2Law Enforcement- More than your local police officer…. What jobs are considered Law Enforcement?Emergency DispatchersAnimal Control OfficersImmigration and Border Patrol OfficersPort AuthorityCrime Scene InvestigatorsParole and Probation OfficersYouth Correctional CounselorsTransit and Railroad PoliceHomeland SecurityFBI and DEAAsk students if they can name careers or jobs in law enforcement
5Highway PatrolThe California Highway Patrol (CHP) is the state police force of California.It was originally created in 1929 as a highway patrol agency to ensure road safety in California but assumed greater responsibility with the passage of time.It now also provides security police services while protecting state buildings and facilities, conducts criminal investigations, and assists local law enforcement agencies.It is the largest state police agency in the United States with about 9,900 employees, of whom 6,800 are sworn officers.
6Highway PatrolThe CHP has specific jurisdiction over all California state routes, U.S. Highways, Interstate highways freeways in the state and all public roads in unincorporated parts of a county.Local police or the local sheriff's department having a contract with an incorporated city have responsibility to investigate and enforce traffic laws in incorporated cities. However, the CHP can still enforce traffic laws on any public road anywhere in the state regardless if it is in an incorporated or unincorporated city.Its officers enforce the California Vehicle Code (including laws against speeding), pursue fugitives spotted on the highways, and attend to all significant obstructions and accidents within their jurisdiction.
7Highway Patrol Age 20-35 years of age (as of written test date). Vision:The candidate must read from a standard Eye Test chart. If eyeglasses or hard contact lenses are worn, uncorrected vision must be no less than 20/40 in each eye and corrected to 20/20 in each eye.Health:Good health. Must be free from any physical, mental or emotional condition that would prohibit the full performance of all the essential duties and functions of a CHP officer.Education:High school diploma, GED, or California High School Proficiency Examination.Highly desirable: possession of a degree, Associate of Arts or higher, from an accredited college.Conduct:No felony convictions and good personal conduct; must possess a California driver license upon appointment to the Academy. The CHP has strict guidelines relating to the personal characteristics required for employment as a law enforcement officer.Citizenship:United States Citizen or permanent resident immigrant who is eligible and has applied for citizenship; must be a United States citizen at time of appointment
8Highway PatrolPayCadet - $4,030 - $5,064 Cadets earn a monthly salary while attending the CHP Academy. in addition, cadets receive free room and board. Effective the first month following their Academy reporting date, cadets receive full health and dental benefits for themselves and their dependents. Cadets also earn an additional seven hours of mandatory overtime per month. Officer - $5,432 - $6,604 Upon graduation from the CHP Academy cadets are promoted to the position of officer. Annually, an officer's base pay is $65, % increases occur yearly until the top step base salary of $79, 248 is reached. Note: - These salaries do not include pay incentives or overtime compensation. During an officer's first year, approximately $10,000 is earned in overtime.Additional Pay: Pre-and Post-Shift Work Activities Pay Differential Officers receive a stipend equal to 3.5% of their base pay to compensate for pre-and post-shift activities. In addition, all officers earn the following pay incentives: Physical performance Pay (PPP) $65.00 per month; after the fifth year, $ a month. Lunch Pay Officer's are paid an additional 6.25% of their base salary, or approximately $4,953 annually at the top step. Uniform Allowance Officer's are entitled to an annual uniform allowance of $920. Cadets are loaned the funds to purchase their first set of uniforms. This interest free loan will be repaid over the first 12 months of their career. Bilingual Pay $100 per month for certified bilingual speaking officers who are assigned to a bilingual position. Canine Pay $156 per month for officers who are canine handlers. Educational Incentive Pay 2.5% of their base pay of officers who possess an intermediate Peace officer Standars and training (POST ) Certificate of Associate of Arts/Science degree or 5% of their base pay for officers who possess an Advanced POST Certificate or Bachelor of Arts/Science degree. Field Training Offier (FTO) Pay Field Traning Officers earn an additional 5% of their daily base pay each day theyserve as an FTO. Investigator Pay $50 per month for officers assigned as full-time Vehicle Theft or Fraud Investigators. Motorcycle Officer Pay 4% of base pay for motocycle enforcement duty. Flight Officer Pay Annual salaries for officers who fly in either airplanes or helicopters, at to step: Pilot - $92.592 Flight Observer - $82,812
10SheriffSheriff’s Officers enforce law and order in rural or unincorporated districts or serve legal processes of courts. May patrol courthouse, guard court or grand jury, or escort defendants.Highest Law Enforcement Agency in the county.
11SherrifSalary Deputy Sheriff Trainee (Academy) $25.72/hour $53,498 Deputy Sheriff I (Entry Level) $29.36 to $39.90/hour $61,069 to $82,992 annually Deputy Sheriff II (Maximum) $42.16/hour $87,693 annually Plus, Incentive Pay For:Bilingual Shift Differential POST Certifications Special Assignment Field Training Officer
14Border Patol Agents“There are more than 8,000 miles of United State borders. Without Border Patrol agents, they would have little meaning. We’re the ones that keep them secure. From terrorists, WMDs, Drugs, Criminals, and Illegal entrants. Without us, anyone and anything could slip across at anytime.”
15Border Patrol Agents Pay New agents are hired at the GL-5, GL-7 or GL-9 level depending on education and experience and are paid at a special salary rate for Federal law enforcement personnel. The base starting salary is GL-5 ($36,658), GL-7 ($41,729), and GL-9 ($46,542) grade levels, with excellent opportunity for overtime pay. In addition, you'll receive a uniform allowance of $ and an excellent Federal Government benefits package including life insurance, health insurance, liberal retirement benefits, and a thrift savings plan (401-K).
16Border Patrol Agents Key requirements The key requirements are: U.S. citizenshipNo Conviction of Domestic ViolenceResidency requirement – Candidates must be a US resident for at least three (3) yearsMust have valid driver’s license at the time of appointmentAge requirement – Candidate must not be 40 years of age at the time of appointment
18ProbationThe Orange County Probation Department is the second largest criminal justice agency in Orange County. It has been part of Orange County's continuum of criminal justice services for 98 years. Probation means the conditional release of an offender under specific terms ordered by the Court. Probation's primary focus is on adult and juvenile offenders who are charged with or convicted of crimes. Under the supervision of the Probation Department, offenders are given the opportunity to redirect their lives and make restitution to their victims.
19Probation Minimum Qualifications Applicants must: Have graduated from high school, attained a satisfactory score on a GED test or passed a California high school equivalency examination or have attained a two-year or four-year degree from an accredited college or university.Pass a backgroundNot have been convicted of any felony and not be in any form of probation.Be a U.S. citizen or a permanent resident alien who qualifies for and has filed for citizenship by the date of application.Be at least 20 years of age at the time of application.Be free from any physical or emotional condition which might adversely affect exercise of peace officer powers, as determined by a licensed examining authority in accordance with the California Government Code.Within a prescribed time limit after appointment, successfully complete an academy class required by the California Corrections Standards Authority and the Orange County Probation Department.Pass a California Department of Justice firearm clearance process with criteria including, but not limited to: Education/Experience: Must possess a bachelor's degree in behavioral science or a related subject and one year of probation, parole, law enforcement, and/or other related experience which includes at least six months of experience as a peace officer for a California County probation department conducting complete probation field investigations and/or fully responsible probation field supervision of either juvenile or adult probationers.
22Department of Corrections There are several job types within the California Department of Corrections:Correctional OfficerYouth Correctional OfficerYouth Correctional CounselorParole Agent
23Correctional OfficerCorrectional Officers (COs) work in many different locations, from inside institution walls, to rural conservation camps, to transporting prisoners and more. COs may be assigned to one or more of the following jobs inside of an institution:Culinary Service (Central Kitchen, Food Transportation/Dining Room)Search and EscortHospital SecuritySecurity Squad/Investigative Services UnitWork CrewHousing Unit Control BoothHousing Unit Floor/TierYardYard Observation PostGym/Dining GunRecreationVisitor ProcessingVisiting RoomCentral Control/CommunicationsPerimeter Security TowersPerimeter Security Roving PatrolTransportationVocational/Work (Prison Industries or Education - area)Receiving and Release
24Youth Correctional Officer Under supervision, in a Department of the Youth Authority facility (institution, camp, drug treatment center, departmental Transportation Unit, or special community program), is responsible and accountable for the security, custody, and supervision of youthful offenders.
25Youth Correctional Officer/Counselors Under supervision, in a Department of the Youth Authority facility (institution, camp, drug treatment center, departmental Transportation Unit, or special community program), is responsible and accountable for the security, custody, and supervision of youthful offenders; and does other related work.
26Youth Correctional Counselor Youth Correctional Counselors work in many different locations, from inside correctional facilities, to rural conservation camps, to coaching, mentoring and more. YCCs may be assigned to one or more of the following assignments inside a facility:General population unitIntensive treatment programSpecialized counseling programSpecial management programSex offender programSubstance abuse programIntake unitGang free programVocational education programYouth conservation campSpecial behavioral treatment program
27Parole AgentUnder supervision, to (1) carry a case load involving office and field work in the assessment, supervision and guidance of adult parolees/releasees from State correctional institutions or residing in a community correctional facility; (2) function as a District Hearing Agent; or (3) process out-of-State placements in the Interstate Parole Unit.
28Youth Correctional Counselor Youth Correctional OfficerParole AgentCorrectional OfficerMinimum Requirements: US Citizenship (or applied) 21 years old U.S. HS Diploma/GED Good physical condition No felony convictions Eligible to own/possess a firearmDesirable Qualifications: College Degree (e.g. AA/AS, BA/BS, MA/MS) Completion of criminal justice coursework Possession of Penal Code 832 (POST) Certifications Experience supervising other employees Service in the United States militaryExperience as a: Licensed Social Worker, Credentialed Teacher, Military Police Officer, Non-sworn Correctional Officer, Peace Officer, Fire Fighter(Sworn)Minimum Requirements: US Citizenship (or applied) 21 years old Bachelor's Degree from a U.S. accredited college (or 2 year degree and related experience) Good physical condition No felony convictions Eligible to own/possess a firearmDesirable Qualifications: Completion of criminal justice coursework Posession of Penal Code 832 (POST) Certifications Experience supervising other employees Service in the United States militaryExperience as a: Social Worker, Military Police Officer, Non-sworn Correctional Officer, Peace Officer, Fire FighterMinimum Requirements: US Citizenship (or applied) 21 years old U.S. HS Diploma/GED Good physical condition No felony convictions Eligible to own/possess a firearmDesirable Qualifications: College Degree (e.g., AA/AS, BA/BS, MA/MS) Completion of criminal justice coursework Possession of Penal Code 832 (POST) Certifications Experience supervising other employees Service in the United States militaryExperience as a: Social Worker, Military Police Officer, Non-sworn Correctional Officer, Peace Officer, Fire FighterMinimum Requirements: US Citizenship (or applied) 21 years old Good physical condition No felony convictions Eligible to own/possess a firearm Bachelor's Degree* And One year of experience of applicable casework supervision or Two years of experience supervising inmates in a correctional facility or Two years of experience conducting law enforcement investigations*Up to two years of experience may be substituted for education.
29Department of Corrections PayCorrectional Officers $73,000 + a year.Youth Correctional Officers $73,000 +a year.Youth Correctional Counselors earn up to $80,900 a year.Parole Agent I Pay Range: 63,400 – 89,200 a year.Paid Academy
31Railroad PoliceAs armed peace officers, railroad special agents may be required to wear a uniform and drive high profile emergency vehicles. They protect and safeguard Company assets including personnel, property, information, and customer lading. Special Agents conduct criminal and civil investigations, inappropriate conduct committed on railroad property, arrest criminal offenders, and testify in court. Special Agents counsel and advise Railroad officials to reduce crime, accidents, and improve personal and physical security. They also coordinate responses to railroad emergencies, and may supervise scheduled employees and contract security guards.
32Railroad Police Railroad police make on average $50,000 a year. Most Railroad Police are trained at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center.Must be 21+
34Orange County Forensic Science Services Forensic Science Services provides all law enforcement agencies with forensic evidence examination and crime scene response services to recognize, collect, and evaluate physical evidence from criminal investigations. The Division has grown from a one-man operation in 1948 to its present day staff of 154 technical and support personnel.The Division is equipped with state-of-the-art technology and instrumentation and is internationally accredited by the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors / Laboratory Accreditation Board. Forensic Science Services is composed of four Bureaus: the Criminalistics Bureau, the Toxicology Bureau, the Identification Bureau, and the Cal-ID Bureau (Automated Fingerprint Identification System).
35Forensic SpecialistPerform routine field, laboratory and/or darkroom assignments for which well defined procedures and guidelines have been established; assists on complex assignments under close supervision; performs latent to inked fingerprint comparisons. Assignments will be made to the crime scene investigation unit or to the latent print unit.Crime Scene Investigation: Processes and photographs less complex crime scenes; searches crime scenes for fingerprints and other physical evidence; develops latent fingerprints; performs less complex laboratory examinations on physical evidence using established methodologies; prepares finished crime scene sketches for court; prepares reports reflecting work activity.
36Forensic SpecialistRequirements: Six months as a Forensic Specialist Trainee with the County of Orange OR, one year employment in crime scene investigation, fingerprint analysis, or a police or commercial photography lab OR, an AA degree in police science or Administration of Justice including at least eight units of photography OR, degree or certificate in photography with training in the use of the camera and darkroom techniques OR BA/BS degree in police science, forensic science, photography, chemistry, biochemistry or a closely related scientific field involving chemical analysis OR some combination of the above training and experience totaling one year.Desirable Qualifications: Successful completion of a Field Evidence Technician Class, Fingerprint Class, Crime Scene Investigation/Photography class or other related Forensic Specialist related courses taught by Forensic Science and Police Science professionals.General Knowledge Of: Goals of crime scene investigation and fundamentals of physical evidence recognition, collection and preservation; routine crime scene and physical evidence photography; techniques of latent print development, collection and preservation; fingerprint pattern recognition, classification, and searching and comparisons.Ability to: Photograph simple crime scenes and physical evidence; develop latent print fingerprints on typical surfaces using conventional techniques; draw finished crime scene sketches and prepare other court exhibits; learn to make laboratory examinations of physical evidence; and testify in court.
37Pay Forensics Specialist Orange County Forensics Specialist 38, $51, Annually
39Department of Homeland Security Office of the Secretary - employees work in multiple offices contributing to the overall Homeland Security mission.Directorate for National Protection and Programs employees work to advance the Department's risk-reduction mission. Reducing risk requires an integrated approach that encompasses both physical and virtual threats and their associated human elements.Directorate for Management - employees work in one of a variety of critical areas, from human resources and administration to budgeting, procurement and IT, making certain the right resources and systems are in place to achieve Homeland Security’s mission.Directorate for Science and Technology (S&T) - employees plan, fund, and manage top-flight research and development programs in almost all technical fields to ensure that our Nation's Federal, State, and local responders have the scientific resources and technological capabilities that they need to protect our homeland. Office of Intelligence and Analysis - employees use information and intelligence gathered from multiple sources to identify and assess current and future threats to the United States.Office of Inspector General - employees work side-by-side with special agents, attorneys, engineers, and IT experts to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse in Homeland Security programs and operations.U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) - employees are responsible for adjudicating and processing the host of applications and forms necessary to ensure the immigration of people and their families to the United States, from initial stages through their transition, to permanent residence, and finally to citizenship.U.S. Coast Guard - civilian employees work together with military personnel to save lives, enforce the law, operate ports and waterways, and protect the environment.U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) employees prevent terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States while facilitating the flow of legitimate trade and travel.Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - employees prevent losses from disasters wherever possible, and assist when they do happen. you will be part of an intensely-focused team dedicated to helping our country prepare for, prevent, respond to, and recover from disasters.U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) employees enforce immigration and customs laws, safeguard U.S. commercial aviation, and protect Federal facilities.U.S. Secret Service - employees have the dual missions of protecting our nation’s leaders, and criminal investigation involving law enforcement, security, information technology, communications, administration, intelligence, forensics, and other specialized fields.U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) employees help secure our transportation infrastructure from future terrorist acts in intelligence, regulation enforcement and inspection positions.Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) employees develop the skills, knowledge, and professionalism of law enforcers from 80+ Federal agencies in this unique inter-agency training organization.
40Other Federal Departments Federal Bureau of InvestigationDrug Enforcement AdministrationCentral Intelligence AgencyDepartment of Alcohol Tobacco and FirearmsDepartment of the InteriorDepartment of Fish and Game
41Other Positions College/University Campus Police California Department of Justice ( State level FBI)Department of InsurancePrivate Security… and many many more!
42Applying Hiring Process Most LEA’s require candidates be 21 years old before starting your career but can apply if you are 20 ½ and will be 21 before the end of your academy.Hiring ProcessApplicationOrientation MeetingWritten ExamPhysical Agility TestOral InterviewBackground InvestigationPsychological ExamMedical ExamAcademy
43Background Tips: They will ask questions about drug use. Stay away from illegal drugs and avoid all alcohol if under age. Your criminal/arrest and driving record will be considered when applying. Often three tickets or two accidents in a seven year period can disqualify you from becoming a law enforcement officer.They will ask questions about previous crimes.Stay out of trouble and choose your associates wisely. You may not commit a crime but you can be arrested just be being in the vicinity if a friend does. This includes sex crimes, theft, and vandalism.Be HonestIf you are dishonest you will be disqualified from your current application and possibly all future applications.
44Physical AbilityPhysical Qualification Standards - A successful candidate must be able to:In the office or field, physically defend themselves (using hands, arms, feet) against an attacking suspect/probationer or other individual.In the office or field, physically subdue with the help of others, a resisting or fleeing suspect.Handcuff a non-resisting person.Handcuff a resisting person. (Assistance is typically present when this task is performed.)Run (such as to assist others in an emergency or to get to cover). Note: Running is for a short distance, typically 35 to 50 yards.Bend, extend and twist their body such as when searching suspects, vehicles and/or placing leg-cuffs or other restraints on a suspect.Put an actively resisting person in the seat of a car. (Assistance is typically present when performing this task.)Use their hands and fingers to search.Using a lifting motion, to assist someone from a prone position on the ground to his/her feet (such as handcuffed or moderately incapacitated person.)Perform CPR. (This is typically two-person CPR.)Walk up a flight of stairs.Run quickly up or down a flight of stairs.Carry objects weighing up to 25 pounds such as boxes of evidence, files, equipment, etc.Drive a car as part of their officer duties (not commuting).Must be free from any physical, emotional or mental condition which might adversely affect exercise of peace officer powers, as determined by a licensed examining authority.
45Physical Agility Test Take pride in lifelong physical fitness The first part measures your strength, agility and endurance.The second part measures aerobic capacity and is usually administered during the medical evaluation.Typically applicants sprint, complete obstacle course, climb a six foot wall, and demonstrate arrest and control techniques.
46Explorers Orange County Sheriff Explorers Explorer Post Toll-Free Number :1-866-POST-449Deputy William M. SimandlExplorer/Cadet Coordinator Community Services Division Amstrong Avenue, Tustin, CAThe North Explorer Division consists of 30 Explorers. The division covers unincorporated areas of North Orange County; this includes El Modena, Yorba Linda, La Mirada, Anaheim and the contract city of Villa Park. The Explorers attend weekly meetings, volunteer for special events, attend a five-day four-night academy, compete in competitions, go on ride-alongs in patrol and learn many aspects of law enforcement. The North Explorer Division has its weekly Explorer meetings on Wednesday from 5:30 P.M. to 7:30 P.M. at the Sheriff's Community Services Division offices.
47What can you do to prepare now? Keep your record clean and get good gradesBecome an ExplorerJoin JROTCTake Criminal Justice classes at a community college (see your counselor for more information)Take ROP Law and Legal or Forensics at SonoraSchedule a ride along at the local police departmentAfter high school, become a Police Cadet or Community Service Officer.
48MembershipMembership is open to young men and women who have an interest in the field of law enforcement. Applicants must:Be between the ages of 14-18,having completed the eighth grade,must maintain a 2.0 or a "C" average in school,be of good moral characterwith no serious arrest record.After acceptance, members may remain in the program until the age of 21.Applicants are required:To attend three consecutive meetings,Successfully pass an oral examination, given by the Post Advisor(s),Submit an applicationAnd may be subject to a background and polygraph investigation.
49Border Patrol Explorer Program ExplorersBorder Patrol Explorer ProgramThe U.S. Customs and Border Protection is committed to the partnership between law enforcement and America’s youth. U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s Explorer Program is the bridge to one of the most challenging and exciting missions in law enforcement today –the job of serving as the guardians of our Nation’s borders, America’s frontline.The CBP Explorer Program is the Boy Scouts of America’s highest division. It offers opportunities in character building, good citizenship, and fitness for young men and women ages 14 through 21.Some Explorer units offer training in specific areas, like nautical training and law enforcement. Law Enforcement Explorer posts offer programs in law enforcement and criminal justice, which provide Explorers with practical training and hands-on experience in those areas.The CBP Explorer Program provides opportunities for Explorers to participate in federal enforcement-related activities within the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. (Be an Explorer)
50La Habra Police Department Explorer Post Officer Macho La Habra High School (562)
51Fullerton Police Department Explorer Post MeetingsMeetings are held at the Fullerton Police Department on Tuesday nights from 6 to 8 p.m. There will be occasions when the Post may meet at a site away from the department to participate in training exercises.Corporal Mike Hines(714)Officer Hazel Perez(714)
52Orange County Sheriff Explorers Explorer Post Toll-Free Number1-866-POST-449Deputy William M. SimandlExplorer/Cadet Coordinator Community Services Division Amstrong Avenue, Tustin, CAThe North Explorer Division consists of 30 Explorers.The division covers unincorporated areas of North Orange County; this includes El Modena, Yorba Linda, La Mirada, Anaheim and the contract city of Villa Park.The North Explorer Division has its weekly Explorer meetings on Wednesday from 5:30 P.M. to 7:30 P.M. at the Sheriff's Community Services Division offices.
53Crime Scene Investigation Meets Monday from 5:00 pm – 7:00 pmForensic Science Service Building, Santa AnaLenora Pena-Sanchez* Must be 16 years old
54Los Angeles County Sheriff Explorer Post Contact Station Explorer CoordinatorNorwalk: (562) La Mirada Substation: (562) Whittier Substation: (562)Walnut/Diamond Bar: (626) , (909)
55JROTC Program First Sergant David Marquez Army JROTC is offered at Sonora!Register for JROTC during registration.Counts as PE creditsOn campus contacts:First Sergant David MarquezMaster Sergeant Fritz SaalmannRoom 303Office (562)