Presentation on theme: "School Bus Driver Training"— Presentation transcript:
1School Bus Driver Training Unit A The School Bus Driver: Role, Responsibilities, and Requirements
2ObjectivesAt the end of this session school bus operators will be able to:Describe their role and responsibilitiesRecognize that their appearance and behavior affect community attitudesDemonstrate positive and supportive attitudes and habitsKnow their responsibilities to their supervisor, fellow employees, and the school districtUnderstand the process for becoming a school bus operator in Pennsylvania
3Introduction Competent school bus drivers are essential! School bus drivers have specificRolesResponsibilitiesBecoming a school bus driver has certainRequirementsCompetent school bus drivers and standard bus operation are necessary to a safe, efficient, and economical student transportation system.
4Roles, Responsibilities, Requirements Role as a driverResponsibilities as a driverWhat do I need to do to become a School Bus driver in PA?This Unit is about theRoleResponsibilitiesOf school bus drivers, as well as theRequirementsNeeded to become a licensed driver or recertify as a driver.
5Role as a Driver Attitude You are important You are responsible You are a member of the Safety TeamDriving a school bus is difficult, requiring:knowledge of laws and regulationsvisual and mechanical skills, ability to make judgments, decisions, and accurate responses.There are four foundational components of your role as a school bus driver:You need the right attitudeYou need to recognize that you are importantYou need to be responsibleYou are part of the Safety Team
6Attitude Stay positive Recognize your moods Be prepared to make allowances for the poor attitudes of othersAlways be mentally alertBeing aware of your moods, as your moods may influence your driving. For example, carrying anger may lead to aggressive driving.Further, your mood may influence those around you. Be positive! Greet your students with a smile.The poor attitudes and driving of other motorists may influence you. Be mentally prepared to make allowances. Do not react emotionally. Such reactions may lead to a crash.A good school bus driver must also be able to maintain focus. There are many distractions when driving a bus, but nothing can be allowed to distract the driver’s attention from the task at hand – to safely transport students to and from their schools.
7You are Important Professional Part of the educational system Representative of the school systemInfluenceProfessional school bus drivers have an important responsibility in the school system.You are the first person within the educational system students see in the morning and the last they see in the afternoon. As such, you have an influence on children’s attitudes toward school.
8You are Responsible Safely transport students You control your driving You control your attitudeYour job is to safely transport students from one place to another.Under your control are:how you drivehow you feel about your students - you should enjoy being around studentshow you feel about your coworkershow you feel about your job.Allow yourself to enjoy your job and keep a positive attitude!
9You are a Member of the Safety Team Safety starts with youYou are transporting students in buses on public roadwaysYou are a key member of the safety team that works with the students each dayThe roles that affect students each day together constitute a safety team. This safety team includes:studentstheir parentsteachersschool administratorslaw enforcement officialsschool bus driversIn terms of directly affecting student safety, school bus drivers have as much responsibility as anyone on the team.
10Responsibilities as a Driver High standard of conductDriving techniquePassengersPublic relationsAppropriate dressSupervisor and fellow employeesRelationship to Transportation Director
11High Standard of Conduct Standard of conduct is highYour conduct cannot be open to criticismYou are a role model to studentsYou are a representative of the school districtA school bus driver is expected to meet standards of conduct higher than other professional drivers. Your conduct on and off duty must be such that your actions are not open to criticism.Your students and their parents place great confidence in you. You need to be:DependableEmotionally stableMature enough to cope with unexpected situations.Interested in the welfare of othersPatient and understandingEnjoy working with studentsObservant of traffic laws, regulations, and rulesNeat and clean as a symbol of the entire school systemRefrain from using profane languageWell restedFree from drug and alcohol use
12Driving Technique Driver attitude Knowledge Skill Your attitude toward driving, your knowledge, and your skill are all developed through an interest in safe driving.This development includes pre-employment training and continued in-service training. Development of driving technique requires consistent re-evaluation and improvement.A safe and defensive school bus driver must handle and maintain control of the bus at all times.
13Passengers The conduct of passengers depends upon the driver Express an interest in your student passengersShow that rules are about safetyBe fairCommunication is businesslike, yet friendlyTry, as much as possible, to establish positive relationships with your student passengers. To a large extent passenger behavior will depend on your rapport with them.A way to establish good rapport and show interest is to try to learn your passengers’ names, and greet them when they enter the bus. This can help you gain their confidence.Also, compliment your passengers’ good behavior.Explain the rules of the bus at the beginning of the school year, and maintain discipline according to those rules. Be fair.Communicate with passengers – be businesslike, yet friendly.
14Public RelationsYou influence public opinion about the school districtYou represent the school district to parentsConsider all enforcement officers as part of the safety teamShow pride in your workRespect co-workersThe behavior of school bus drivers can directly influence the opinions people in the community have toward the school district. Sometimes school bus drivers are the only representatives of the district that the parents of students meet. How bus drivers interact with their children will guide the opinions of those parents.Students and their parents have a wide variety of opinions about the school system. Treating everyone with courtesy and professionalism will do much to enhance your own reputation as well as instill confidence in your student passengers and their parents.All safety enforcement officers are part of the same safety team as you are. These include crossing guards and school patrols. Work with them. Their cooperation with you, and yours with them, enhances the safety of students.Good relations with the community begin with good relations with your co-workers. An organization whose employees demonstrate mutual friendliness, interest, and respect is in a position to extend good relations beyond itself.
15Appropriate DressThe school bus driver should be identified as a professionalDress to instill respectWear appropriate shoes for drivingThe school bus driver should look different than students. Clothing that is more like the clothing worn by students is inappropriate, such as jeans with holes or patches and jackets with inappropriate language limits the driver’s ability to command the necessary level of respect.Shoes must comply with school district safety standards. Some examples of shoes that may not meet safety standards might inlcude:Open-toed shoesSandalsClogsWooden-soled shoesShoes with heels more the two inches high.The best shoes for driving:Have a flat soleCover the entire footFasten securely
16Supervisor and Fellow Employees Your supervisor is a member of your safety teamCooperation is essential to transportation safetyCommunicateReportComplyAssistBecause your supervisor and your co-workers are all members of the same safety team with you, transportation safety for your student passengers depends upon cooperation among all members of the team. Your supervisor is as concerned with the safety of your passengers as you are.The list of ways to cooperate with your supervisor given in the School Bus Drivers’ Training Manual can be summarized with these actions:CommunicateReportComplyAssist
17Transportation Director Your advisorYour partnerTheir typical responsibilities include:Assigning drivers to busesEstablishing bus routes, stops, and turnaroundsAssigning passengers to busesEnsuring buses are safe to operateAppointing monitors/aids as neededUnderstand your working relationship and cultivate it!Consider the Transportation Director as your advisor and partner.The Transportation Director is especially helpful to you when you are working through discipline problems on your bus.As an instructor, be sure that you explain to drivers their working relationships to the Transportation Director.
18What Do I Need to Do to Become a School Bus Driver in PA? First Step - Initial requirementsSecond Step - Knowledge Test Authorization and School Bus Learner’s PermitThird Step – Training and skills testing requirementsHealth and safety requirementsDriver recertificationThe Federal government requires each state to establish regulations for the training and professional development of school bus drivers. The regulations in Pennsylvania were designed to ensure that school bus drivers are:in good physical conditionof good characterskilled in the operation of their busesTo become a certified bus driver in Pennsylvania, a person must:Meet several initial requirementsSuccessfully complete training and testing requirements established by the state
19First Step – Initial Requirements Apply for a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) Knowledge Test Authorization/Learner’s PermitTo apply for your Learner’s Permit you must:Be 18 years of age or olderHave a School Bus Driver’s Physical Examination Form (DL-704) completed by a heath care provider or physician appointed by the local school board. If you successfully pass your physical exam, the physician will issue a Physical Examination Certificate (DL-742), good for one year.Complete the Commercial Learner’s Permit Application (DL-31CD) and submit it to PennDOT with the completed DL-704 and the applicable fee.If you do not meet the physical qualifications required, your application will be denied.These materials may be submitted to any PennDOT Driver License Center or may be mailed to PennDOT’s Special Driver Programs Unit at PO Box Harrisburg, PAThe DL-31CD is available online and the DL-704 must be obtained through your employer.
20Second Step – Knowledge Test Authorization and Learner’s Permit If your documents are in order, andYou have no license suspensions, thenYou are issueda CDL knowledge test authorization, andschool bus learner’s permit.Remember, only the school bus learner’s permit is valid for operating a school bus. The knowledge test authorization is not valid for driving.Both the school bus learner’s permit and the knowledge test authorization are valid for one year. During this year you are required to complete all knowledge and skills testing.The knowledge examination consists of:Vision testKnowledge tests, which may include any or all of the following:general knowledgepassenger endorsementschool bus endorsementremoval of the air brake restriction (if you are going to be driving a bus with air brakes).
21Third Step – Training and Skills Testing Requirements The School Bus Driver Training CourseSkills examination: Three partsSafety inspectionBasic skill testOn-road driving testPA law requires certain commercial permit holders to wait at least 15 days before taking an examination to upgrade their driving privilege. Refer to Publications 117 and 52.Check the driver eligibility date on the bottom of your learner’s permit to determine the earliest you may take your driving test.
22The School Bus Driver Training Course 20 hours of instruction14 hours of classroom instruction6 hours of in-bus trainingIn-bus training must be one-on-one with a certified instructorThe school bus driver training course is administered by certified instructors from local school districts, contractors, or Intermediate Units, under the supervision of PennDOT.The course is available to all public, private, and parochial school bus driver applicants.
23The School Bus Driver Training Course There are two ways to complete the training:Complete the full 20 hours of instruction, then attempt to pass the skills examinationComplete 10 hours of instruction (7 classroom, 3 in-bus) and attempt to pass the skills examinationIf successful, complete the remaining 10 hours of instruction within 120 daysA Certificate of Completion Card will then be issued, keep it! You will need it for your skills exam.First MethodPennDOT recommends the first method of completing all training before attempting the skills examination.Second MethodCheck with your employer if they will be using this method. If choosing this method, the 10 hours of instruction taken before the skills examination are comprised of 7 hours of classroom instruction and 3 hours of in-bus instruction. The 10 hours of instruction taken after the skills examination are also comprised of 7 hours of classroom instruction and 3 hours of in-bus instruction. NOTE: All topics must be covered in both 10 hour courses of instruction.All in-bus instruction MUST be ONE-ON-ONE with a certified school bus driver instructor.
24The School Bus Driver Training Course Documentation for skills test:Valid driver’s licenseValid PA CDL learner’s permitValid Physical Examination Certificate (DL-742)Valid Certificate of Completion Card (DL-713)Current bus registrationProof of financial responsibility for busValid driver’s license for driver accompanying youCheck the bottom of your learner’s permit to determine your driver test eligibility date. Refer to Pubs 117 and 52When presenting yourself for the skills examination, you must be accompanied by a commercial driver who is at least 21 years of age and licensed to operate that vehicle. In the event that you do not successfully complete all of the skills testing requirements, you will also need to be accompanied by a commercial driver who is licensed to operate that vehicle.
25The Skills Examination Will be Administered in Three Parts First part – safety inspectionSecond part – basic skills testThird part – on-road driving testFirst Part – Safety InspectionIf driving a bus with air brakes, performing an air brake check will be part of this examination. Inability to correctly perform an air brake check will result in an automatic failure of this portion of the test.Second Part – Basic Skills TestThis part of the test will include a selection of maneuvers from these exercises:Simulated or actual student dischargeSimulated or actual railroad crossingForward stopStraight line backingAlley dockParallel park (driver’s side)Parallel park (conventional)Right turnBackward serpentineThird Part – On-road Driving TestAn automatic failure of this portion of the test will occur if you commit any traffic offense, run over a curb or sidewalk, or cause a crash. Refer to Publication 223.
26The Skills Examination Three attempts on a valid learner’s permitOne attempt a dayFailure of a portion requires retesting for just that portionThree failed attempts requires a new learner’s permit and all training requirements
27The Skills Examination Successfully completing the skills examination:Passing result credited to your driving recordIf all minimum requirements are met, you will receive a CDL with “S” and “P” endorsementsYou will receive a school bus endorsement card (valid for approximately one year)If you successfully complete the skills examination with only 10 hours of training:You have 120 days to complete the remaining 10 hours of trainingThe school bus endorsement card is reissued annually, requiring an annual physical examination.For those passing the skills examination with half the training, the other half of the training is required within 120 days. If that second half of the training is not completed within the 120 days, the applicant’s school bus endorsement card is canceled.When operating a school bus, the driver is required to carry three credentials:Valid CDL with “S” and “P” endorsementsValid school bus endorsement cardValid physician’s certificateAdditionally, the driver should also have available proof of financial responsibility and the current registration card for the bus.
28Health and Safety Requirements GeneralDrug and alcohol testing for school bus driversDriving a school bus requires the driver be fit with regard to the health and safety of the students being transported.
29Health and Safety Requirements: General To establish fitness you must:Comply with PA Department of Health and local regulations for communicable diseasesClean criminal history recordClean child abuse history recordLimited traffic violations or crashes recordedDrug-free and Alcohol-free when drivingLocal school district requirements may be more stringent than these – your employer should be able to offer guidance regarding specific requirements such as the number of traffic violations on your record that are considered excessive.Also, remaining alcohol-free means not consuming any alcohol within 8 hours of driving a school bus.
30Drug and Alcohol Testing for School Bus Drivers Required by Federal governmentDrug testing by urine sample for:MarijuanaCocaineOpiatesAmphetaminesPhencyclidineAlcohol testing by breath analysisThe Federal government has required drug and alcohol testing for school bus drivers since the 1990s. Companies or school districts with 50 or more employees were required to implement testing first, beginning January 1, Companies or districts with 49 or fewer employees were required to implement testing beginning January 1, 1996.
31Drug and Alcohol Testing for School Bus Drivers Federal government requires:Pre-employment testingRandom testingPost-crash testingReasonable suspicion testingLocal policy dictates:Return-to-duty testingFollow-up testingState law requires testing after ALL Reportable crashes involving a school bus.Pre-employment testingAll applicants must submit to testing at the time of application.Random testingLottery-style selection process. After selection, the names are returned to the lottery and are eligible for subsequent testing.Post-crash testingRequired for any crash involving a fatality, orBodily injury requiring immediate medical attention away from the scene and the bus driver has been issued a citation, orVehicle damage sufficient to require towing and the bus driver has been issued a citation.PA requires post-accident by state law after ALL reportable crashesReasonable suspicion testingDone when a trained supervisor observes specific, contemporaneous, articulable objective facts that indicate current drug or alcohol use.Return-to-duty testingThis is only conducted if an employer has a “second chance” policy. Discuss what your local policy is regarding a positive drug or alcohol test. If a “second chance policy” is in place, return-to-duty testing is conducted ONLY after a qualified Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) has determined the person is ready.Follow-up testingRecommended by a substance abuse professional after an assessment following a positive result or refusal to take a test. After return-to-duty testing, follow-up testing is conducted for a period of one to five years with a minimum of six unannounced tests during the first year. This testing is in addition to regular testing.
32Driver Recertification Recertification Process in GeneralAnnual physical examinationChange of information on license
33Driver Recertification General PA law requires recertification every 4 years10 hours of instruction7 hours classroom instruction3 hours in-bus instruction“S” endorsement skills and knowledge examTo be completed no more than 12 months prior to expiration date of school bus endorsement cardWhen you successfully complete the training and testing requirements, a new school bus endorsement card will be issued 45 days before the expiration of your current “S” endorsement.If the skills and knowledge examination is failed three times, the applicant must surrender their current school bus endorsement card to the examiner. That applicant must then apply for a new learner’s permit and redo all the training and examination requirements.When taking the examination for recertification you will need:Valid driver’s licenseSchool bus recertification noticeValid physical examination certificateCurrent vehicle registration card for the bus driven during the examinationValid proof of financial responsibility for the bus driven during the examinationYou will be asked to sign a School Bus Driver’s Training Report Form (DL-714) to verify that you have met the minimum training requirements. If you have not, do not sign the form. Falsifying this form may be punishable by a fine and imprisonment.
34Annual Physical Examination Annual requirementExamination by a health care providerSchool bus endorsement card will not be renewed without physical exam
35Change of Information on License New camera card or photo license issued when:Adding or deleting an endorsementRemoving a restrictionUpgrading class of licenseWhen changing name or address on CDL or school bus endorsement card, submit form DL-80CD with appropriate fee