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Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Vision and Hearing Changes in Middle Adulthood Vision Presbyopia Problems reading small print Bifocals if nearsighted Difficulties in dim light Reduced color discrimination Glaucoma risk Hearing Presbycus Most loss in high tones Hearing aids can help
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Skin Changes in Middle Adulthood Wrinkles Forehead – starting in 30s Crows Feet Sagging Face, arms, legs Age Spots After age 20 Faster with sun exposure, for women
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Muscle-Fat Makeup in Middle Adulthood Middle-age spread common – fat gain in torso Men: upper abdomen, back Women: waist, upper arms Very gradual muscle declines Low-fat, calorie-reduced diet and exercise can help
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Menopause Average age 51 Ranges from 42 – 58, 10 – year climacteric period Physical & psychological symptoms Hot flashes, headaches, sleep loss, slower sexual response Interpretation affects adjustment Hormone Replacement Therapy controversial Lifestyle, diet options
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Male Reproductive Changes in Middle Adulthood Reduced sperm and semen after 40 Gradual testosterone reduction Sexual activity stimulates production Erection Problems Stress, alcohol, heart or other diseases increase Viagra
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Sexuality in Middle Adulthood Slight drop in frequency among married couples Continue patterns from early adulthood More sex in good marriages Intensity of response declines Slower arousal; partner may seem less attractive Gender differences More women with no partners; lack of opportunity
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Leading Causes of Death in Middle Adulthood
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Cancer Sites in the Body
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Cardiovascular Disease Symptoms Heart attack Angina pectoris – chest pain Arrhythmia Risk Conditions High blood cholesterol High blood pressure Atherosclerosis
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Osteoporosis Bones more porous; lose bone mass Men: 8 – 12% Women: up to 50% Menopause estrogen drop speeds bone loss Bone breaks can be life-threatening Prevention, treatment: Diet – vitamin D, calcium Weight-bearing exercise Hormone therapy for women at low cancer risk
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Hostility and Health Expressed Hostility Frequent angry outbursts Rudeness, contempt Disagreeable verbal and nonverbal behavior Health Effects Cardiovascular problems Depression and dissatisfaction Health complaints, illnesses
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Stress Management Problem-Centered Coping Identify and appraise problems Choose and implement potential solutions Emotion-Centered Coping Control distress when problem cant be solved
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Hardiness Control Regard most experiences as controllable Commitment Find interest and meaning in daily activities Challenge View as normal part of life, chance for growth
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence Fluid Depends on basic information processing skills: Detecting relationships among stimuli Analytical speed Working memory Crystallized Skills that depend on: Accumulated knowledge Experience Good judgment Master of social conventions Valued by persons culture
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Longitudinal Trends in Six Mental Abilities
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Verbal and Performance IQ
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Individual and Group Factors in High Intelligence Scores Lifestyle High education Complex job or leisure Lasting marriage High SES Personal Flexible personality Healthy Sex Cohort Perceptual speed
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Age-Related Slowing of Cognitive Processing Neural Network View Neurons in brain die Brain forms new connections New connections are less efficient Information-Loss View Information lost at each step through cognitive system Whole system slows down to inspect information
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Coping with Age-Related Cognitive Slowing Factual Knowledge Procedural Knowledge Metacognitive Knowledge
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Practical Problem Solving and Expertise Practical Problem Solving Evaluate real-world situations Achieve goals that have high uncertainty Expertise Efficient, effective approaches to solving problems, including practical problems Organized around abstract principles Result of years of experience
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Vocational Life and Cognitive Development Cognitive and personality characteristics affect job choice Once in job, it affects cognition Complex work increases cognitive flexibility
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Becoming a Student in Midlife 40% of North American college students over age 25 58% are women Reasons diverse Job change, better income Life transition Personal achievement, self-enrichment Concerns about handling class work, balancing demands outside school
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood This multimedia product.
Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Exploring Lifespan Development Chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood.
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle.
Chapter 15 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood Copyright © 2014, 2011, 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Exploring.
Psyc 222 Developmental Psychology II Dean Owen, Ph.D., LPCC Spring 2011 Unit 5: MIDDLE ADULTHOOD Physical and Cognitive Development.
Middle Adulthood Physical and Cognitive Development.
MIDDLE AGE COGNITIVE AND PHYSICAL years 1. MIDDLE ADULTHOOD PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE Ages 30 to 50 years Continuation of early adulthood changes:
© 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner.
Chapter Thirteen Making It in Midlife: The Unique Challenges of Middle Adulthood.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 17 Physical and Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood This multimedia product.
Adulthood: Biosocial Development Age What is senescence? Gradual physical decline related to aging.
20 - Adulthood: Biosocial Development Age 25 +.
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Chapter 15 Physical & Cognitive development in Middle Adulthood.
Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Middle Adulthood Physical and Cognitive Development Chapter
Making It in Midlife Chapter 13. When you hear that a person is celebrating their 40 th birthday, what do you think?
Chapter 15: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood.
What does regret mean to you? What regrets do young people usually have? Do you have any regrets?
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood This multimedia product.
Middle adulthood Lecture 9 Middle Adulthood. : After the completion of this lecture, the student will be able to: 1. Define middle adulthood. 2. list.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2004 Development Through the Lifespan Chapter 14 Emotional and Social Development in Early Adulthood This multimedia product.
PSYC 2314 Lifespan Development Chapter 20 Middle Adulthood: Biosocial Development.
Chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood.
A time of transition › Involves shifting priorities & outlooks on life from adolescence to throughout the remainder of life. As our bodies age our.
Chapter 15: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood Life-Span Development Thirteenth Edition.
1 Middle Age – Life expectancy: 76 Mid-life : 38 – By 50s: mostly unnoticeable but persistent declines in physical efficiency.
Middle Adulthood Ages Physical Qualities and Changes During middle adult years, reproductive capacity declines or is lost for both men and women,
Menopause. What is Menopause? The end of a woman’s menstrual cycle.
Chapter 10a Lifespan. Kohlberg & Moral Development Inspired by Piaget Both said growth depended on dev thought processes Beh not issue Age no matter.
Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e 1 Physical activity and good physical fitness can reduce risk of illness and contribute to optimal health and wellness.
Rates of Development Genes set the process in motion Hormones responsible for changes Environment also –Secular trend: better nutrition Earlier maturation,larger.
AGING. YOUNG ADULTHOOD (20-40) Goal: To develop intimacy. People at this age are trying to develop close personal relationships. Maturity- The state of.
Chapter 5 - Adulthood one day…this will be you…. Physical Changes cells begin to breakdown physical peak – between 18 & 30 what is lost physically is.
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Physical Development Growth is rapid Requires large amounts of food and sleep.
Preview Bellringer Key Ideas Physical Changes Mental and Emotional Changes Social Changes Chapter 16 Section 1 Changes During Adolescence.
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Adolescence And Adulthood Chapter 16.
Understanding adulthood! Adulthood: the lifespan stage from age 18 onwards, and a time of continuing physical, social, emotional and intellectual change.
ADULTHOOD AND OLD AGE HOORAH! WE MADE IT!. WHY DO OUR BODIES AGE? Our body cells lose the ability to repair themselves OR preset biological clock that.
Adolescence and Adulthood Chapter 16 McElroy. Objectives Compare the physical changes that occur in boys and girls during adolescence. Describe the mental.
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Adulthood. Physical changes Aging=normal wear and tear of cells Present biological clock Physical peak between Appearances change – Hair loss –
Adulthood. Social and personality development Individuals character is stable over time Personality is flexible Self haters, passive, confident What is.
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Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice Chapter 3 Development during Childhood and Adolescence This multimedia product and its contents are protected.
3 phases Young Adulthood (20s and 30s) Middle Age (40-65ish) Late Adulthood (after 65)
Exercise is essential to keep the body fit. It helps improve vitality and makes one feel energetic and vibrant. If you do not exercise, then your health.
(c) 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 13 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood PowerPoints developed by Nicholas Greco IV,
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