2 Healthy Diets A healthy diet: Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk productsIncludes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nutsIs low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
3 Dietary Reference Intakes Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are recommended daily amounts of nutrients and energy that healthy people of a particular age range and gender should consume:Recommended Dietary Allowances are daily nutrient standards established by the U.S. government.Adequate Intakes identify daily intake levels for healthy people, and are typically assigned when scientists don’t have enough information to set an RDA.
4 Vegetarian DietsA vegetarian is a person who consumes no meat, fish, or poultry products. There are different types of vegetarians:A vegan follows the strictest diet of all and will consume no dairy, eggs, meat, poultry, fish, or anything containing an animal product or byproduct, including honey. They consume only grains, legumes, vegetables, fruit, nuts, and seeds.A lacto-vegetarian consumes all the vegan items plus dairy products.An ovo-vegetarian consumes all vegan foods plus eggs.A lacto-ovo-vegetarian consumes all the vegan items plus dairy products and eggs.5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
5 Dietary Guidelines for Americans The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 is a document published jointly by the Department of Health and Human Services and the USDA.This report offers science- based advice for healthy people over the age of 2 about food choices to promote health and reduce risk for major chronic diseases.5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
6 MyPyramidMyPyramid translates the RDAs and dietary guidelines into the kinds and amounts of food to eat each day.Nutrition Facts panels help people select the appropriate packaged food products to meet their nutritional needs.MyPyramid replaces the 1992 Food Guide Pyramid and incorporates the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005.The MyPyramid symbol emphasizes six key themes:ProportionalityVarietyPhysical ActivityModerationGradual ImprovementPersonalization5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
7 Nutrition LabelsEach nutrient on the panel is reported as a percentage of Daily Values (DV).The DVs are provided in percentages based on a calorie diet.The mandatory components on the Nutrition Facts label are:Serving size and servings per containerTotal calories and calories from fatTotal fat and saturated fatTrans fatCholesterolSodiumTotal carbohydrate, dietary fiber, and sugarsProteinVitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
8 The Problem of ObesityA person who is overweight or obese has a weight that is greater than what is generally considered healthy.5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
9 AssignmentYou will be creating a food journal from now ( ) until Friday ( )In this journal you MUST include:Name of foodAmount of food (i.e. 2 cups of nuts, a fist size serving of fruit)To keep the food journal, go toClick on new userEnter in your journal entries daily; including if you exercised.On Friday, you will need to turn in the following:Print out of each days food journalNutritional Print OutReflectionSummarize your findings; what can you do differently to eat healthier (1 page, double spaced, with title page)5.4Chapter 5 | Kitchen Essentials: Part 2—Equipment and Techniques
10 Calculate the following: Where do they fit on the BMI Scale? 5’2” pounds5’10” pounds5’8” pounds6’2” pounds
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