Presentation on theme: "Ms. Palma Winter 2010. What is Nutrition? What do you know about Nutrition? You are going to be divided up into groups. In your groups you will have 5."— Presentation transcript:
What is Nutrition? What do you know about Nutrition? You are going to be divided up into groups. In your groups you will have 5 minutes to write down as much as you can about nutrition.
Nutrition Terms Nutrition- The sum of the processes by which humans, animals, and plants consume and use food. Nutrients- A substance in food that helps with body processes. Calorie- A unit of energy produced by food.
Nutrition Terms MyPyramid is a guide that recommends the kinds and amounts of foods to eat each day and emphasizes physical activity. The Dietary Guidelines are recommendations for diet choices among healthy Americans who are two years of age or older.
The Food Groups Grains Vegetables Fruits Milk Meats and Beans Oils
Food Groups: Grains Consume At least 3 oz. of whole-grain products. Good sources of vitamins, minerals, and complex carbohydrates. They provide fiber, iron, and vitamin B. A 1 oz serving equals 1 slice of bread, or 1 cup of ready- to-eat cereal, or ½ cup of cooked cereal, rice, or pasta.
Food Groups: Vegetables Consume 2 ½ cups each day Low in fat and calories A good source of vitamins A and C and minerals. Eat a variety of vegetables. Making sure that you eat many different colors ensures variety.
Food Groups: Fruits Consume 2 cups of fruit each day. Low in fat and calories. They are a good source of vitamins A and C, Potassium, and carbohydrates. Choose a variety if fruits weather they are fresh, frozen, canned, or dried. Limit consumption of fruit juice.
Food Groups: Milk Consume 3 cups of milk, yogurt, and other dairy products. Good sources of calcium and protein. Select low-fat or fat-free versions of milk products.
Food Groups: Meat and Beans Consume at least 5 ½ ounces a day The food group involves meat, poultry, eggs, fish, beans, peas, nuts, and seeds. Good sources of protein, B vitamins, iron, and zinc Choose low-fat or lean meats and bake, broil, or grill the food instead of frying it.
Food Groups: Oils Teens need to consume at least 5 teaspoons a day. This includes nuts, fish, cooking oil, and salad dressing. Provide essential fatty acids and vitamin E.
Macronutrients Macronutrients are chemical elements that humans must consume in large quantities. A Carbohydrate is a nutrient that is the main source of energy for the body. A Protein is a nutrient that is needed for growth and to build and repair body tissues. A Fat is a nutrient that provides energy and helps the body store and use vitamins.
Micronutrients Micronutrients are nutrients required by humans and other living things throughout life in small quantities which the body cannot produce. A Vitamin is a nutrient that helps the body use carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. A Mineral is a nutrient that regulates many chemical reactions in the body.