Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Why do diet deficiencies occur? Major Diet-Deficiency Diseases Common in ELDCs TypeDiseaseSymptomsDistributionTreatment Protein deficiency Kwashiork.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Why do diet deficiencies occur? Major Diet-Deficiency Diseases Common in ELDCs TypeDiseaseSymptomsDistributionTreatment Protein deficiency Kwashiork."— Presentation transcript:

1

2

3 Why do diet deficiencies occur?

4

5 Major Diet-Deficiency Diseases Common in ELDCs TypeDiseaseSymptomsDistributionTreatment Protein deficiency Kwashiork or Retarded growth, apathy and swollen stomach, skin rashes. Deadly if untreated. Africa, S.E Asia High-Protein fluids, well balanced diet. MarasmusSevere starvation in combination with lack of proteins. Wasting of tissue. Africa, S.E Asia Breast-milk, cereals, fats, oils;immediate treatment. Vitamin deficiency Beri-beriVitamin B deficiency, wasting of limbs, nervous disorders, skin sores, heart failure. S.E AsiaVitamin B-rich foods, well- balanced diet. RicketsVitamin D deficiency, bone deformity of legs, pelvis and spine. S.E AsiaDiet of calcium-rich food and vitamin D.

6

7

8 Kwashiorkor Clinical Manifestations: A.Diagnostic Signs 1. Edema 2. Muscle wasting 3. Psychomotor changes B.Common Signs 1. Hair changes 2. Diffuse depigmentation of skin 3. Moonface 4. Anemia C.Occasional Signs: 1. Flaky-paint rash 2. Noma 3. Hepatomegaly 4. Associated Laboratory: 1. Decreased serum albumin 2. EEG abnormalities 3. Iron & folic acid deficiencies 4. Liver biopsy fatty or fibrosis may occur

9 What are the symptoms? Swollen stomach Reddish discolouration of hair Miserable appearance with moonface Pigmentation loss in skin Retarded growth Loss of muscle mass

10 Kwashiorkor Between 1-3 yrs old Cause/origin: Very low protein In places where starchy foods are main staple Never exclusively dietary*

11 Kwashiorkor

12 Where does kwashiorkor occur? ELDCs Africa, e.g. Sudan, Ethiopia and Mozambique S.E Asia EMDCs ELDCs

13 What is Kwashiorkor? Condition resulting from inadequate protein/food intake It occurs in children that have been weaned as diet is replaced by a diet of starches/carbohydrates It occurs most commonly in areas of famine, limited food supply, and low levels of education, which can lead to inadequate knowledge of proper diet It is a result of extreme poverty!

14 What are the treatments? Adequate diet – with carbohydrate, fat (10% of total calories), and protein (12 percent of total calories) will prevent kwashiorkor

15

16 How can it be controlled? Improve food supply Develop new crops Improve technology Educate people on balanced diets

17 Who helps to combat the disease? International organisations and aid agencies WHO Oxfam Save the Children Fund

18 In Ethiopia they have provided food aid Organised relief flights to get food to the areas with the greatest need Set up education programmes for villagers to encourage them to grow vitamin rich foods to supplement a staple diet of maize


Download ppt "Why do diet deficiencies occur? Major Diet-Deficiency Diseases Common in ELDCs TypeDiseaseSymptomsDistributionTreatment Protein deficiency Kwashiork."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google