Presentation on theme: "Why do diet deficiencies occur? Major Diet-Deficiency Diseases Common in ELDCs TypeDiseaseSymptomsDistributionTreatment Protein deficiency Kwashiork."— Presentation transcript:
Why do diet deficiencies occur?
Major Diet-Deficiency Diseases Common in ELDCs TypeDiseaseSymptomsDistributionTreatment Protein deficiency Kwashiork or Retarded growth, apathy and swollen stomach, skin rashes. Deadly if untreated. Africa, S.E Asia High-Protein fluids, well balanced diet. MarasmusSevere starvation in combination with lack of proteins. Wasting of tissue. Africa, S.E Asia Breast-milk, cereals, fats, oils;immediate treatment. Vitamin deficiency Beri-beriVitamin B deficiency, wasting of limbs, nervous disorders, skin sores, heart failure. S.E AsiaVitamin B-rich foods, well- balanced diet. RicketsVitamin D deficiency, bone deformity of legs, pelvis and spine. S.E AsiaDiet of calcium-rich food and vitamin D.
What are the symptoms? Swollen stomach Reddish discolouration of hair Miserable appearance with moonface Pigmentation loss in skin Retarded growth Loss of muscle mass
Kwashiorkor Between 1-3 yrs old Cause/origin: Very low protein In places where starchy foods are main staple Never exclusively dietary*
Where does kwashiorkor occur? ELDCs Africa, e.g. Sudan, Ethiopia and Mozambique S.E Asia EMDCs ELDCs
What is Kwashiorkor? Condition resulting from inadequate protein/food intake It occurs in children that have been weaned as diet is replaced by a diet of starches/carbohydrates It occurs most commonly in areas of famine, limited food supply, and low levels of education, which can lead to inadequate knowledge of proper diet It is a result of extreme poverty!
What are the treatments? Adequate diet – with carbohydrate, fat (10% of total calories), and protein (12 percent of total calories) will prevent kwashiorkor
How can it be controlled? Improve food supply Develop new crops Improve technology Educate people on balanced diets
Who helps to combat the disease? International organisations and aid agencies WHO Oxfam Save the Children Fund
In Ethiopia they have provided food aid Organised relief flights to get food to the areas with the greatest need Set up education programmes for villagers to encourage them to grow vitamin rich foods to supplement a staple diet of maize