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Presentation on theme: "Copyright of www.makemegenius.com, for more videos,visit us."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright of for more videos,visit us.

2 What is a balanced diet ? A diet which matches the nutrient and energy requirements of an animal regardless of its life stage or lifestyle

3 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. What are nutrients ? Nutrients are the components of food which have a function in ….. Providing energy Providing material for growth, repair, reproduction Starting and controlling various processes, e.g. vitamin C and immune system iron and red blood cells

4 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Nutrients include …..

5 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. The function of carbohydrate is... Energy (eg for the brain, muscles) Digestive health - fibre increases dietary bulk, prevents constipation fermented to produce short chain fatty acids to feed the lining of the digestive tract

6 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Protein is required for ….. Tissue building and maintenance e.g. hair, skin, organs, muscle, antibodies, enzymes, hormones Regulation of metabolism e.g. insulin, thyroxin Energy

7 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Quality depends upon ….. digestibility EAA profile Quantity of N to make new AAs Lowest quality Highest quality Eggs & milk Meat (fish bird, mammal) Vegetable / plant Lacking in some EAAs Contains right balance of all EAAs

8 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Concentrated energy source Source of essential fatty acids Linoleic acid Linolenic acid Fat soluble vitamins (A D E K) are stored in fat Insulation and protection of organs Palatability Brain and retinal development Skin & coat condtion

9 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Contains hydrogen and oxygen ESSENTIAL for normal function Function – required for all body fluids – carrier of vitamins (C, B) – dissolves nutrients and transports them around the body – heat exchange Source - e.g. vegetables, meat

10 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Inorganic elements (referred to collectively as Ash) divided into macrominerals eg calcium, phosphorous microminerals (trace elements) In excess most are toxic Important for – bones & teeth, e.g. calcium and phosphorous – body fluids, e.g. sodium and potassium – components of many enzymes

11 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Organic compounds which help to regulate body processes – fat soluble e.g. A, D, E, K (generally stored in the body) – water soluble e.g. B, C (excess generally excreted) Function: – eyesight - vitamin A – antioxidants - vitamin C and E – skeleton - vitamin D – metabolism - vitamin E Sources: – cereal, fish oils, nuts, liver, fruit & vegetables

12 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. What about energy ? why is it so important ?

13 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Thanks

14 Copyright of for more videos,visit us.

15

16 What about energy requirement? EI>EE (gain weight) EI

17 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Energy content of food 1 gram of carbohydrate equals 4.15kcal of energy Energy BUTTER 1 gram of fat equals 9.4kcal of energy 1 gram of protein equals 5.65kcal of energy

18 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Energy Needs Body Size Body composition Degree of exercise Physiological state and Ambient temperature

19 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Designing balanced diets

20 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Criteria for a complete diet in balance with other nutrients on the plateau in balance with energy content Each nutrient is... in a useable form

21 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Adult cats needs 4 x and dogs 2 x the protein of an adult human Kittens needs 10 x and puppies almost 3 x more protein than a baby Human Dog Cat Baby Puppy Kitten

22 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. Thanks Submitted by Harshit Pandey St. johns Public School

23 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. If you also want to share your own or your kids presentation(ppt) please send it on

24 Copyright of for more videos,visit us. If you also want to share your own or your kids presentation(ppt) please send it on

25 Copyright of for more videos,visit us.


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