Presentation on theme: "Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs"— Presentation transcript:
1Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs
2The comparative form of an adjective or adverb compares two things. The superlative form of an adjective or adverb compares three of more things.
3Examples Adjectives large larger largest The first apple is large. The second apple is larger than the first.The third apple is the largest of the three.
4The jalopy is a fast car. The racecar is the faster car The jalopy is a fast car. The racecar is the faster car. The dragster is the fastest car.
5To make comparative and superlative forms of adjectives some rules must be followed.
6Rule 1 To form the comparative or superlative of one syllable words withmore than one vowel OR endingwith more than one consonant at theadd -er OR -est.talltallertallestneatneaterneatestdeepdeeperdeepest
7Rule 2 To form the comparative or superlative of a one syllable word endingin e add -r OR -st.widewiderwidestfinefinerfinestcutecutercutest
8Rule 3To form the comparative or superlative of a one syllable word with one vowel and one consonant at the end double the consonant, and add -er OR -est.sadsaddersaddestbigbiggerbiggestfatfatterfattest
9Rule 4To form the comparative or superlative of a two syllable word ending in y, change the y to i, then add -er OR -est.happyhappierhappiestjollyjollierjolliestlazylazierlaziest
10Rule 5To form the comparative or superlative of a two syllable word ending a vowel-sound that is not stressed then add -er OR -est.Adjectives ending in –le, -ow, er frequently take –er and –est.yellowyelloweryellowestgentlegentlergentlestsimplesimplersimplest
11Like adjectives some adverbs can take comparative and superlative forms, with -er and -est: Sally works hard. Steve works harder than Sally Kathy and Sue work the hardest of all.
12loudlouderloudestThe bird sings loudly. The moose sang louder than the bird. Pete sang the loudest of them all.
13List of Adverbs in Which -er and –est May Be Added ComparativeSuperlativefastfasterfastestslowslowerslowestquickquickerquickestearlyearlierearliestbrightbrighterbrightesthighhigherhighest
14However, the majority of adverbs do not take these endings However, the majority of adverbs do not take these endings. Instead, they form the comparative using more and the superlative using most: AdverbComparativeSuperlativerecentlymore recentlymost recentlyeffectivelymore effectivelymost effectivelyfrequentlymore frequentlymost frequently
15Irregular Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs Some comparative and superlative forms are irregular and do not follow any rules or patterns. These must be memorized.
16Irregular Adverbs Word Comparative Superlative badly worse worst much moremostlittlelessleastwellbetterbest
17Irregular Adjectives Word Comparative Superlative good better best bad worseworstmuchmoremostlittlelessleastfarfartherfarthestoldolder elderoldest eldest
18Example:Nathan made good stew. Molly's stew was better than Nathan's. Ezra made the best stew of all.
19much / a lot / a great deal, etc + comparative Another rules!much / a lot / a great deal, etc comparativefor emphasisFor example:Exams are much easier than they used to be.
20Another rules! (not) as …………………… as To compare equal things For example:Girls aren’t as keen as boys on science experiments.
21the + comparative , the + comparative Another rules!the + comparative , the + comparativeTo show a trendFor example:The more explosions there were, the more the boysenjoyed it.
22Another rules! too / enough When something is more than necessary /not sufficientFor example:There were too many facts for them to remember.The teachers weren’t friendly enough for the kids to talk to.
23Another rules! so / such …………….. that To describe cause and effect For example:The exams were so difficult that many good studentsfailed them.