Presentation on theme: "What are modifiers? Modifiers provide additional information about nouns, pronouns, and verbs. Vincent Van Gogh painted quickly and forcefully. Question."— Presentation transcript:
1What are modifiers?Modifiers provide additional information about nouns, pronouns, and verbs.Vincent Van Gogh painted quickly and forcefully.Question answered: How did Van Gogh paint?They help us describe what we have seen and heard.
2What are modifiers?Modifiers can also help describe feelings about things and people.Van Gogh was happiest when he painted outdoors.Bright, yellow sunflowers were a favorite subject.
3ADJECTIVES What is an adjective? a word that modifies a noun or pronoun (NOT A VERB)Some adjectives tell how many or what kind about the words they modify.Some adjectives tell which one or which ones.
4ADJECTIVESExamples:The older painters disapproved of Van Gogh’s style.He tried new techniques in his first paintings.Those peasants are in the field.What are the different types of adjectives?
5Adverbs What is an adverb? modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverbhelp make meaning clear by telling how, when, where, or to what extent something is true
6Adverbs Look at this list of adverbs: How? When? Where? To What Extent?carefullyquicklyhurriedlysometimesoncefinallyinsideheretherefullyveryextremelyNotice how adverbs make the sentences clearer.The door of the tomb opened.Finally, the door of the tomb slowly opened.
7Adverbs Used with Adjectives or Other Adverbs Frequently Used Adverbs Adverbs that tell to what extent can also modify adjectives and other adverbs.Frequently Used AdverbsVery not somewhat moreJust nearly so mostThe tomb was dark.The tomb was nearly dark.The guide spoke softly.The guide spoke very softly.
8Forming Adverbs Many adverbs are made by adding –ly to an adjective. Careful + ly = carefullyEasy + ly = easily (can be spelling changes)Some modifiers, like soon, quite, and very, can be used only as adverbs.
9Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK KEY RULE:Use the comparative form of an adjective to compare two things. Use the superlative form of an adjective to compare more than two.COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK
10Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK The Comparative FormUse the comparative form of the adjective to compare one thing or person with another thing or group. The comparative is formed in two ways:1. For short adjectives, such as great or fierce, add –er.COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKgreat + er = greaterfierce + er = fiercer
11Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK 2. For longer adjectives, such as unusual or remarkable, use more.COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKmore unusualmore remarkableMost adjectives ending in –ful and –ous also form the comparative with more.more successful more curious
12Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK The Superlative FormTo compare a thing or a person with more than one other of its kind, use the superlative form of the adjective.Dinosaurs were the largest land animals ever to live.However, they are not the most ancient animals.What do you notice about superlatives?The superlative of an adjective is formed by adding –est or using most.
13Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Notice how the adjectives in the chart change forms according to the rules.Adjective Comparative Superlativestrong stronger strongestfast faster fastestmysterious more mysterious most mysterious
14Adjectives in Comparisons Tips to Remember:Do not leave out the word “other” when you are comparing something with everything else of its kind.Ex: Tyrannosaurus rex was more ferocious than any dinosaur.Tyrannosaurus rex was more ferocious than any other dinosaur.
15Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Tips to Remember:Do not use both –er and more or –est and most.Ex: Dinosaurs are note the most oldest of all reptiles.Dinosaurs are not the oldest of all reptiles.COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK
16Adjectives in Comparisons COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Irregular ComparisonsAdjective Comparative Superlativegood better bestwell better bestbad worse worstill worse worstlittle less or lesser leastmuch more mostmany more mostfar farther farthest
17COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Adverbs in ComparisonCOPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKKEY RULE:Use the comparative form of an adverb to compare two actions. Use the superlative form of an adverb to compare more than two actions.
18COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Adverbs in ComparisonCOPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKThe Comparative1. For short adverbs, such as soon or high, add –er.The parade entered the big top sooner than we expected.The lion leaped higher than the tiger.
19COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Adverbs in ComparisonCOPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKThe Comparative2. For most adverbs ending in –ly, use more to make the comparative.Sara laughed more frequently than Andy.The horse ran more rapidly around the ring this time than he had earlier.
20COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Adverbs in ComparisonCOPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKThe SuperlativeUse the superlative form of the adverb to compare an action with two or more others of the same kind.Of the three horses, that one runs fastest.The lion roared the most ferociously of all the big cats.What do you notice about how superlative adverbs are formed?
21COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Adverbs in ComparisonCOPY INTO READING NOTEBOOKThe SuperlativeThe superlative of adverbs is formed by adding –est at the end of the adverb or adding most before the adverb in the sentence.
22Adverbs in Comparison Keep these points in mind: 1. Use the comparative to compare two actions and the superlative to compare more than two.2. Do not leave out the word other when you are comparing one action with every other action of the same kind.
23COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK Adverbs in ComparisonKeep these points in mind:3. Do not use both –er and more or –est and most together.COPY INTO READING NOTEBOOK
24Adverbs in Comparison Let’s see what you know… more frequently1. The romans celebrated holidays (frequently) than we do.2. They invented the circus as a form of celebration, and they clapped (loud) of all for the most spectacular performances.loudestmore bitterly3. Chariot races were (bitterly) contested than any modern auto race.fastest4. The best driver was not the one who raced (fast).most quickly5. He was the one who (quickly) forced other drivers to crash.