Presentation on theme: "Universidad Metropolitana Título V Campus"— Presentation transcript:
1Universidad Metropolitana Título V Campus Comparative and superlative degree of adjectives and adverbsLearning Zone - Inglés
2Definition:Adjective: It is used to express attributes to something or someone. These appear before the noun, modify it and follow the next order of determiners, observation, size and shape, age, color, origin, material and qualifier.Adverb: It can modify a verb, an adjective, a phrase or clause and another adverb. Adverbs can be identified quickly by their commonly used suffix “ly” and can be found in various places of the sentence.You should use the comparative form of an adjective or adverb to compare exactly two things. The superlative form is for comparing three or more.
3Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 1: Only one syllable, ending in E.E.g.: wide, fine, cuteComparativeSuperlativeAdd -R: wider, finer, cuterAdd -ST: widest, finest, cutestComparative: Mary is cuter than Jenny.Superlative: Mary is the cutest girl of the classroom.
4Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 2: Only one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end.E.g.: hot, big, fatComparativeSuperlativeDouble the consonant, and add -ER: hotter, bigger, fatterDouble the consonant, and add -EST: hottest, biggest, fattestComparative: This summer is hotter than last year’s summer.Superlative: This is the hottest summer ever.
5Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 3: Only one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than oneconsonant at the end.E.g.: light, neat, fastComparativeSuperlativeAdd -ER: lighter, neater, fasterAdd -EST: lightest, neatest, fastestComparative: This car is faster than my last car.Superlative: This car is the fastest I ever had.
6Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 4: Two syllables, ending in Y.E.g.: happy, silly, lonelyComparativeSuperlativeChange Y to I, then add -ER: happier, sillier, lonelierChange Y to I, then add -EST: happiest, silliest, loneliestComparative: I feel happier than ever.Superlative: I am the happiest woman of the world.
7Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 5: Two syllables or more, not ending in Y.E.g.: modern, interesting, beautifulComparativeSuperlativeUse MORE before the adjective: more modern, more interesting, more beautifulUse MOST before the adjective: most modern, most interesting, most beautifulComparative: “The Da Vinci Code” book is more interesting than themovie.Superlative: “The Da Vinci Code” is the most interesting book everwritten.
9Practice Comparative and superlative of adjectives
10Interesting fact…The rules applied for the comparative and superlative of adjectives are very similar to the rules of the comparative and superlative of adverbs. You can play with the rules and have fun…
11Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 1: One syllable adverbs add –er or –est.E.g.: fast, hardComparativeSuperlativeAdd -ER: faster, harder, cuterAdd -EST: fastest, hardest, cutestComparative: John works harder than me.Superlative: John works the hardest.
12Rules: comparative and superlative adverbs… Rule # 2: Adverbs with 2 or more syllables, use MORE and MOST with: E.g.: carefully, quicklyComparativeSuperlativeWith two or more syllables, use MORE and THAN: more carefully than, more quickly thanUse THE MOST: the most carefully, the most quicklyComparative: He ran more quickly than me.Superlative: Of all the athletes, he ran the most quickly.