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Comparative and superlative degree of adjectives and adverbs Learning Zone - Inglés Universidad Metropolitana Título V Campus
Definition: Adjective: It is used to express attributes to something or someone. These appear before the noun, modify it and follow the next order of determiners, observation, size and shape, age, color, origin, material and qualifier. Adverb: It can modify a verb, an adjective, a phrase or clause and another adverb. Adverbs can be identified quickly by their commonly used suffix ly and can be found in various places of the sentence. You should use the comparative form of an adjective or adverb to compare exactly two things. The superlative form is for comparing three or more.
Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 1: Only one syllable, ending in E. E.g.: wide, fine, cute ComparativeSuperlative Add -R: wider, finer, cuter Add -ST: widest, finest, cutest Comparative: Mary is cuter than Jenny. Superlative: Mary is the cutest girl of the classroom.
Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 2: Only one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. E.g.: hot, big, fat ComparativeSuperlative Double the consonant, and add -ER: hotter, bigger, fatter Double the consonant, and add -EST: hottest, biggest, fattest Comparative: This summer is hotter than last years summer. Superlative: This is the hottest summer ever.
Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 3: Only one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end. E.g.: light, neat, fast ComparativeSuperlative Add -ER: lighter, neater, faster Add -EST: lightest, neatest, fastest Comparative: This car is faster than my last car. Superlative: This car is the fastest I ever had.
Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 4: Two syllables, ending in Y. E.g.: happy, silly, lonely ComparativeSuperlative Change Y to I, then add -ER: happier, sillier, lonelier Change Y to I, then add -EST: happiest, silliest, loneliest Comparative: I feel happier than ever. Superlative: I am the happiest woman of the world.
Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 5: Two syllables or more, not ending in Y. E.g.: modern, interesting, beautiful ComparativeSuperlative Use MORE before the adjective: more modern, more interesting, more beautiful Use MOST before the adjective: most modern, most interesting, most beautiful Comparative: The Da Vinci Code book is more interesting than the movie. Superlative: The Da Vinci Code is the most interesting book ever written.
Practice Comparative and superlative of adjectives Comparative and superlative of adjectives - 2
Interesting fact… The rules applied for the comparative and superlative of adjectives are very similar to the rules of the comparative and superlative of adverbs. You can play with the rules and have fun…
Rules: comparative and superlative adjectives… Rule # 1: One syllable adverbs add –er or –est. E.g.: fast, hard ComparativeSuperlative Add -ER: faster, harder, cuter Add -EST: fastest, hardest, cutest Comparative: John works harder than me. Superlative: John works the hardest.
Rules: comparative and superlative adverbs… Rule # 2: Adverbs with 2 or more syllables, use MORE and MOST with: E.g.: carefully, quickly ComparativeSuperlative With two or more syllables, use MORE and THAN: more carefully than, more quickly than Use THE MOST: the most carefully, the most quickly Comparative: He ran more quickly than me. Superlative: Of all the athletes, he ran the most quickly.
Comparative & superlative: Irregular adverbs… Irregular adjectiveComparative formSuperlative form GoodBetter thanThe best BadWorse thanThe worst FarFarther than/Further thanThe farthest/The furthest WellBetter thanThe best
Practice Comparative and superlative of adverbs Comparative and superlative of adverbs - 2