2Words ending in –er and -est We often add –er or –est toadjectives and adverbs.My brother is taller than I am.The safest driver I know is Jan.Spelling is easier than I thought!
3The RulesIt’s easy to add –er and –est to adjectives and adverbs. You can learn to do it in just a few minutes! There are only 4 simple rules:1. + er/est2. + r/st3. y i + er/est4. x2 + er/est
4For most one-syllable adjectives and adverbs, just add + er/estFor most one-syllable adjectives and adverbs, just add–er or -est.long longer longestfast faster fastesttall taller tallest
5+ r/st -Two-syllable adjectives that end with -le Just add –r or -st -One-syllable adjectives and adverbs that end with -e-Two-syllable adjectives that end with -leJust add –r or -stwide wider widestsimple simpler simplestsafe safer safest
6For two-syllable adjectives that end with a consonant + y, change the y i + er/estFor two-syllable adjectives that end with a consonant + y, change they to i and add –er or -est.easy easier easiestbusy busier busiestearly earlier earliest
7double the final consonant and x2 + er/estFor one-syllable adjectives and adverbs that end with consonant-vowel-consonant,double the final consonant andadd –er or -est.hot hotter hottestbig bigger biggestthin thinner thinnest
8x2 + er/est (continued) -x, -w, or –y. low lower lowest Do not double the final consonants-x, -w, or –y.low lower lowest