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Irregular Forms Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs.

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Presentation on theme: "Irregular Forms Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Irregular Forms Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs

2 The Basics of Comparison Comparative Form You compare TWO things by adding – er or using the word “more” or “less” Examples: Your cookie is big. My cookie is bigger. Of these two cookies, mine is bigger. His story is impressive. My story is more impressive than his. Of the two stories, mine is the more impressive.

3 Superlative Form You compare MORE than two things by adding –est or using the word “most” or “least” She is happy. He is happier. I am happiest. Among the three of them, Sally is the happiest of all. That ring is exquisite. Mine is more exquisite, but hers is the most exquisite of all.

4 When do you use er, est and when do you use more/less, most/least? One syllable words use –er, - est. Two syllable words do not form the degrees of comparison in a consistent way! Three syllables or more in a word…the comparative and superlative forms are created using less/more, least/most.

5 What Makes Them “Irregular?” Some comparative and superlative forms do not follow any rules or patterns. Some comparative and superlative forms do not follow any rules or patterns. Instead of the typical –er or –est suffix, irregular forms often change the root word entirely. Instead of the typical –er or –est suffix, irregular forms often change the root word entirely.

6 Here Are Some Irregular Adverbs

7 Irregular Adverbs WordComparativeSuperlative Badly

8 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorse

9 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst

10 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst Much

11 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMore

12 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost

13 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost Little

14 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLess

15 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast

16 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast Well

17 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetter

18 WordComparativeSuperlative BadlyWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetterBest

19 Now For Now For The Irregular Adjectives!!

20 Irregular Adjectives WordComparativeSuperlative Good

21 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetter

22 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest

23 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest Bad

24 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorse

25 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst

26 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst Much

27 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMore

28 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost

29 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost Little

30 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLess

31 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast

32 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast Well

33 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetter

34 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetterBest

35 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetterBest Many

36 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetterBest ManyMore

37 WordComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst MuchMoreMost LittleLessLeast WellBetterBest ManyMoreMost

38 Oops!! I forgot to mention one more irregular adjective to add to your list! I forgot to mention one more irregular adjective to add to your list! far far Comparative = farther Comparative = farther Superlative = farthest Superlative = farthest Orlando is far away. Orlando is far away. Key West is farther away than Orlando. Key West is farther away than Orlando. Dave drove to Orlando. Jeff drove to Key West. Of the two, Jeff drove the farthest. Dave drove to Orlando. Jeff drove to Key West. Of the two, Jeff drove the farthest. –Farther refers to the “increased distance” between two cities. –Farthest states that between the two men, Jeff drove the “greatest” length.

39 Let’s See Some Examples Nathan made stew. Nathan made stew.

40 Let’s See Some Examples Nathan made Good Stew. Nathan made Good Stew. Molly’s stew was. Molly’s stew was.

41 Let’s See Some Examples Nathan made Good Stew. Nathan made Good Stew. Molly’s stew was Better. Molly’s stew was Better. Ezra made the stew of all. Ezra made the stew of all.

42 Let’s See Some Examples Nathan made Good Stew. Nathan made Good Stew. Molly’s stew was Better. Molly’s stew was Better. Ezra made the Best stew of all. Ezra made the Best stew of all.

43 Good vs. Well

44 Sometimes it’s hard to tell if a word is an Adjective or an Adverb One troublesome pair of words is One troublesome pair of words is “Good” and “Well”

45 Good Is always an adjective!! It refers to quality or appearance. For Example:

46 Good = Adjective That was a good job Amber. That was a good job Amber. Good describes job. It describes the quality of the job. Amber did a good job. Good describes job. It describes the quality of the job. Amber did a good job.

47 Good = Adjective Rebecca has good posture. Rebecca has good posture. Good describes posture. It tells us more about Rebecca’s appearance and how her posture looked. Good describes posture. It tells us more about Rebecca’s appearance and how her posture looked.

48 Well Can be used as an adjective or an adverb!!

49 Well = adjective Well can be used as an adjective when it is used to mean healthy. Well can be used as an adjective when it is used to mean healthy. Example: Example: Johnny had the mumps. Now he is well. Johnny had the mumps. Now he is well. Well is used here as a Predicate adjective. It describes Johnny. Well is used here as a Predicate adjective. It describes Johnny.

50 Well = adverb Well is usually and adverb. It is used to describe how an action is performed. Well is usually and adverb. It is used to describe how an action is performed. Example: Example: How did Amber do the Job? She did it well. How did Amber do the Job? She did it well. Well is an adverb that describes how the action was done. Well is an adverb that describes how the action was done.

51 NOW Let’s Practice!


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