2Diversionary Devices When used properly are an excellent tactical tool Create a loud report and a brilliant lightMay disorient/ confuseAre not a good substitute for good tactics
3History First Generation Second Generation Military Training SimulatorsSecond GenerationPowerful devicesDesigned for Anti-terrorist UseEntebbeMogadishuPrince’s Gate, LondonAir France Operation
4Entebbe 19761976 Raid on Entebbe " Operation Thunderbolt" On June 27, an Air France jetliner was hijacked to Entebbe, Uganda Jewish and Israeli passengers were separated from the rest of the captives. The terrorists threatened to begin killing the hostages on the evening of July 4. In a daring commando operation, Israeli forces traveled 2,000 miles and landed at the Entebbe airport. They stormed the building the hostages were held in. They flashed banged the rooms & rescued the hostages and killed the terrorists.
5Mogadishu 1977A Palestinian hijack of a Lufthansa airliner in Mogadishu ended when German commandoes storm the plane. They threw flash bangs into the cockpit. Three hijackers are killed and 86 hostages are freed.
6Iranian EmbassyIn 1980 the world watched as gunmen held 26 people hostage at the Iranian embassy in London. After a six-day stand-off the SAS launched a dramatic attack on the hostage-takers. Using explosives and flashbangs they cleared the large building rescuing the hostages
7Current Generation Manufactured Commercially Intended for law enforcement useReduce possibility of injuriesContain powder mixture
8Type Of Devices Bursting Canister Separating Sub munitions Non metal canister which bursts during ignition. Fuse detonator assembly can become projectile.Separating Sub munitionsNon metal Canister which separates from fuse detonator assembly prior to main detonation.Non-Bursting CanisterSteel canister with “ports” which allow a controlled flash
9OMNI BLAST 100The Omni-Blast 100 tactical distraction device is one of a few bursting canister devices on the police and corrections market.The Omni can be used as a primary deviceor as an alternative in certain situations.It consists of a weighted fuse detonator assembly and a flash powder charge in a polypropylene canister.Size 1.5“ Dia. 8“ HighWeight 10 Ounces Powder Weight 300 GrainsDecibel Output db/5ftTime delay Seconds
10Def-Tec MK-25 Non-Bursting Canister Defense Technology-Federal Labs Multi-Port Plus1.3 lb (589 grams) Gun Steel Body1.5 second fuse delay174.5 dB at 5 feet (1.6 meters)6 - 8 Million CandelaReusable body with reloaded fuse. Optional safety clip for fuse, and command initiated reloads.
11CTS Model 7290 Combined Tactical Systems Model 7290 1.1 lb. (550 grams) Steel body1.5 second fuse delay175 dB at 5 feet (1.6 meters)2.5 Million CandelaSingle use body. Optional safety clip for fuse, and command initiated reloads.
12UPCO Model 1750 Model 1750 Diversionary Device 174db Sound at 5ft. 2,300,00 Candle Power
13Characteristics Heat: Approx. 2700 degrees cent Sound: 170-185 dB Candella: 2 million candle powerOverpressure
14Criteria For UseWhenever a diversion is needed to make entry or arrestAnd it is judged safe to deployIn life threatening situationsAnd/or felony suspected felony incidents
15Pre-deployment concerns Protective and deployment equipmentFire potentialChildren & the elderlyChemicals and/or FlammablesExterior useExterior Disposal
21Devices should be thrown under hand, arching to the target area
22Deployment (cont.) Control the device I.D. target area Subjects and/or combustiblesDevice failure planEntry upon initiationRe-pin if needed
23Post-Deployment Medics Collect evidence “Control” Deployment Debrief Medic must be available during ops which devices could be deployed.Collect evidenceDevice accountability“Control” DeploymentDebriefDocument device use
24Documentation Use of force issue Departmental policy detailed report Photos and/or videoMedical screeningDiversionary device log
25Legal Aspect Anticipate Testifying Courts Scrutiny of: Department PolicyKnowledge & trainingJustification for usePlanning and safeguardingDeploymentPost-Deployment actionsDocumentation
26Case Law Langford Vs. Gates Smalley Vs. Minneapolis Garcia Vs. Texas United States Vs. Myers
27ConclusionWhen used properly diversionary devices are an excellent tool for use by Law Enforcement personnel