Presentation on theme: "FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHMs commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training."— Presentation transcript:
FHM TRAINING TOOLS This training presentation is part of FHMs commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces. Be sure to check out all the training programs that are specific to your industry.
Hand and Power Tools Disclaimer: This material is being provided as part of our organizations on-going commitment to ensuring a safe, respectful and legally- compliant workplace. These materials have been developed in accordance with applicable federal laws and regulations and recognized best practices in force at the time the materials were created. The materials do not render any legal or professional advice; they are being provided for educational and informational purposes only. These materials should not be used as a substitute for legal or professional advice or services. ID #57
Learning Objectives Our objectives for this presentation are: Provide information required by the OSHA Standards for Hand and Power Tools as found in 29 CFR 1910 Subpart P Equip you with the knowledge to identify hazards associated with hand and portable power tools Effectively communicate the specific precautions that should be taken with each type of hand and portable power tool
Agenda Presentation Agenda: General safety precautions for using hand and power tools The proper use of hand tools Types of power tools and the hazards associated with each type Your responsibilities
Section 1 General Safety Precautions
Tools Can Be Dangerous Tool use is unique to humans Manufacturers strive to make tools as safe as possible Workers must follow specific precautions
General Safety Precautions Five basic safety rules: 1.Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance. 2.Use the right tool for the job. 3.Examine each tool for damage before use. 4.Operate according to the manufacturer's instructions. 5.Provide and use the proper protective equipment.
Section 2 Hand Tools
Hand tools are non-powered Greatest hazards are misuse and improper maintenance Employer must provide safe and proper hand tools Employees must use hand tools properly
Personal Protective Equipment Appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn Floors clean and dry Tools can be an ignition source
Section 3 Power Tools
Power Tool Classifications Power tools classified by power source: Electric Pneumatic Fuel-powered Hydraulic Hazards of power tools are related to their power source
Power Tool Precautions Never carry by cord or hose Never yank the cord or hose Avoid heat, oil, and sharp edges Disconnect tools when not in use Keep others at a safe distance Secure work with clamps or vise Avoid accidental starting Tools should be maintained with care Maintain good footing and balance The proper apparel should be worn
Safety Devices Safety switches and guards are used to prevent injury during tool usage It is important that the operating controls on all handheld power tools be located to minimize the possibility of accidental operation Safety switches are designed to prevent injury by turning the tool off when not in use: Constant pressure switch Some tools may have a lock- on control provided it can be turned off by a single motion
Guards Guards should be provided, as necessary, to protect the operator and others from the: Point of operation In-running nip points Rotating parts Flying chips and sparks Never remove guards!
Electric Tools Several dangers: Electrocution Burns Slight shock Falls Tools must be grounded or double- insulated
Double-Insulated Tools Hand-held tools manufactured with non- metallic cases are called double-insulated Often used in damp locations Always disconnect tools from power source Double Insulated marking
Extension Cords and Electrical Concerns Cords suffer wear and tear Exposed wires can be hazardous A GFCI should be used
Electric Tool Safety General safety practices for using electric tools: Electric tools should be operated within their design limitations Gloves and safety footwear are recommended during use of electric tools When not in use, tools should be stored in a dry place Electric tools should not be used in damp or wet locations Work areas should be well lighted
Powered Abrasive Wheel Tools Flying fragments Inspection of abrasive wheel: Sound test Spindle nut tight, but not distorted
Powered Abrasive Wheel Tool Safety Never stand in front during start-up Safety guards When using a powered grinder: Always use eye protection Always turn off the power when not in use Never clamp a hand-held grinder in a vise
Pneumatic Tools Tools powered by compressed air and include chippers, drills, hammers, and sanders Main danger is getting hit by one of the tool's attachments or by a fastener the worker is using with the tool Personal protective equipment Hose connections Safety clip
Fuel-Powered Tools Hazards of fuel-powered tools: Flammable fuels Generated heat Should be operated only by trained employees
Fuel-Powered Tool Safety Always stop the tool before refueling Proper servicing and maintenance Leaked or spilled fuel should be cleaned up immediately Always wear protective gear appropriate to the tool you are using
Hydraulic Tools Operated or effected by the action of water or other fluid of low viscosity Fluid must be an approved fire-resistant fluid Recommended safe operating pressure must not be exceeded for: Hoses Valves Pipes Filters Fittings
Section 4 Your Responsibilities
All hazards involved in the use of hand and power tools can be prevented by following five basic safety rules: 1.Keep all tools in good condition with regular maintenance. 2.Use the right tool for the job. 3.Examine each tool for damage before use. 4.Operate according to the manufacturer's instructions. 5.Provide and use the proper protective equipment.
Additional Information Sources of additional information: Small Business Handbook. Small Business Safety and Health Management Series. OSHA R Hand and Power Tools. OSHA Publication