Presentation on theme: "Housing and Interior Design"— Presentation transcript:
1Housing and Interior Design FACS – Unit 3Housing and Interior Design
2Housing ChoicesMany people want a home of their own to recreate the feelings of safety and security they experienced as young children.What are the most important characteristics of the home that YOU want to have one day?Other than providing shelter, what purposes do you think your home will serve?
3Single Family Housing Free standing Don’t share walls with another unitMay be one story or manyIntended for a single family3.2
4Single Family Housing Manufactured Housing Also called “pre-fab” (pre-fabricated)Portions constructed in factoryContractor required to lay foundation, assemble pieces, and install utilitiesMobile HomeMovable dwellingsBuilt and assembled at a factory and moved to location3.2
5Multi Family Housing Duplex One building that contains two separate units3.2
6Multi Family Housing Multiplex Similar to a duplex, but three or more units share one building3.2
7Multi Family Housing Townhouse Homes built in rows and attached to one another at the side walls3.2
8Multi Family Housing Apartments Any structure that has rental units for more than 2 families3.2
9Multi Family Housing Condominium Individually owned units in a multiple-family dwellingOwner pays a fee to cover maintaining hallways, landscaping, and other common areas3.2
10Multi Family Housing Cooperative 3.2 Less common form of ownership Residents of a multiple-family dwelling form an organization that owns the buildingMembers must buy shares in the building in order to have a living unit in the buildingNew members must be voted on before buying shares are allowed.3.2
11Family and Consumer Sciences - Unit 3 Factors to ConsiderThe way a house looks is only PART of the decision about whether to live there.Many other factors must be considered and often have more influence than the appearance of the home.Name:______________________________________
12Factors to Consider Does it meet the needs of the family: Location Family sizeStage of the Family Life CycleSpecial needs of family members - handicap accessible, home office, etcLocationProximity to schools, shopping, church, police and fire stations, parks and recreation3.2
13Factors to Consider Environment / Condition of neighborhood Accessible technologyHigh-speed internet access, cable TV availabilityAffordabilityNo more than 28%of incomePITI – Principal, Interest, Taxes, and InsuranceUtility expenses3.2
15Elements of Design Line Provides a sense of direction – causes eye to move side to side or up and downVertical lines - point to the skyHorizontal lines - relaxation, informalityDiagonal lines - activity, movementCurved lines - activity or relaxation, depending on the degree to which they are curved3.3
16Elements of Design Shape or Form Make up the object’s shape – outline of the objectShape becomes three-dimensional, gains depth and is known as formShape can make object appear heavy or light3.3
17Elements of Design Texture The way a an object’s surfaces look and feelDull or ShinySmooth or RoughPlush and soft3.3
18Elements of Design Space Three-dimensional area to be designed (room itself)Also refers to area around or between objects within that spaceCan greatly impact “feel” of roomcozy verses crowded3.3
19Elements of Design Color Gives great life and beauty to room Expresses the personality of entire familySet the mood of a roomMake room seem warmer or coolerChange the apparent size and shape of a roomTie other design elements togetherDisguise architectural flawsCreates a center of interest3.3
20Elements of Design - Color Color WheelP – primaryS – Secondary (P+P)T – Tertiary (P+S)3.2
21Warm and Cool Colors Cool Colors – Colors of the ocean greenbluevioletWarm Colors – Colors of the sunsetyelloworangered
22Elements of Design - Color Color WheelP – primaryS – Secondary (P+P)T – Tertiary (P+S)3.2
24Basic Color Schemes Monochromatic--variations of one color only light blue, blue, and dark blueComplementary--made up of 2 colors directly opposite each other on the color wheelblue and orangered and green
25Basic Color Schemes blue green, green, and blue Triadic--3 colors the same distance from one another on the color wheelred, blue and yellowAnalogous--2 or more colors next to each other on the color wheelblue green, green, and blueSplit complementary--results when a color is combined with colors on each side of its complementblue, red-orange, yellow-orange
263.7 Name the principles of design When used together in design, the elements of color, line, form, and texture make sense only when certain principles of design are applied to them. They are:ProportionBalanceEmphasisRhythmHarmony
27Name the principles of design Proportion--the way one part of a design relates in size or shape to another or to the whole.Based on form and sizeunequal proportion is more pleasingFurniture and accessories that are too large will crowd a small room and make the room seem even smaller.
28Name the principles of design Balance--gives a feeling of equal weight among parts of a design.Formal--objects on each side of an imaginary centerline are the sameInformal--the objects on each side of the center are different in size, form, texture, or color
29Name the principles of design Emphasis--the point of greatest interestexamples--fireplace, flower arrangement, artwork
30Name the principles of design Rhythm--feeling of movement, leading the eye from one point to anotherRepetition--repeating color, line, form, textureOpposition--rhythm formed by lines meeting at right anglesGradation--created by a change in color value from dark to lightRadiation--lines extend outward from a central point, such as a bouquet of flowersTransition--rhythm found in curved lines
31Name the principles of design Harmony--the feeling that all parts of a design belong together.Variety is interesting if objects grouped together have something in common such as color
32Imagine…What would have to be done to make your home safe for an elderly person?What if the person were almost blind?Could these changes benefit your family today?
33You Need A Plan! Home Maintenance Eliminating clutter, cleaning, making minor repairs or changes, and keeping household equipment in good working order.Good home maintenance can catch small problems from escalating!
34A Successful Plan Is One That… Then decide who will be responsible for each job!
35Daily Cleaning Tasks You Should Not Avoid! Wash dishes with hot, soapy water.Dispose of garbage.Wipe up food spills as they occur.Clean kitchen sink and counters.Sweep or vacuum the kitchen floor.Put away clothes and other belongings.Keep traffic patterns, stairs and doorways free of clutter.
36Occasional Tasks Cleaning refrigerator Washing wall and windows Cleaning blinds and curtainsWashing blanketsCleaning closetsCleaning drawers
37Ways To Organize Storage Pick up and put up!Every room should have storage space.Two General Guidelines:Store items near the area they’re used.Store frequently used items where they can be reached easily.
38Selecting Appropriate Cleaning Products Select products and equipment that do various household cleaning jobs.Choose products that clean more than one type of surface.Use environmentally friendly products.Baking sodaBaking soda and vinegar
40Dust and Dirt Sweep, dust, vacuum, wash and mop Wipe windowsills and baseboards.Dust all furnishings.Work from the top to the bottom.Use vacuum cleanerWash hard floors regularly.
41Garbage Makes a clean house look dirty/messy. Garbage may contain thousands of germs.Can give off a bad odor.Dispose of garbage daily!
42Pests Roaches, ants, flies, and mice Can carry germs and cause illness.Regular home maintenance can usually keep pests under control.If not, use pest control products or call a professional.
43Finally, Keep A Positive Attitude! Play music as you work.Think of cleaning as exercise.Work with someone else and visit as you work.Use household tasks as a way to reduce stress.
44Strategies for Keeping Your Home Safe HazardA source of dangerFallsElectrical HazardsFiresPoisons
45Preventing Falls Make sure throw rugs have a nonskid backing. Use sturdy ladder or stepstool.Keep traffic patterns free of clutter.Use adequate lighting.Use railings on stairs.Use rubber mat in bathtub.
46Preventing Electrical Hazards Don’t plug too many cords into one outlet.Never use electrical appliances near water.Don’t run electrical cords underneath rugs or carpeting.Cover outlets that small children can reach.Repair or replace damaged cords and appliances.
47Fires Every home should have a fire extinguisher. Smoke detectors should be in every room.If not, they should at least be on every floor and near each bedroom, the kitchen and near the furnace.Check monthly and change batteries annually.Schedule fire drills.
48Poisonings Prescription drugs Some cleaning products Never store poisons in another container.Never act like medicine is candy to a child.
49Know How To Make A Few Repairs! This will save your family money now and in the future.Watch those in your home who do the repairs.
50Conserving Energy and Resources Keep thermostat turned down to 68 degrees in winterSet air conditioner no lower than 78 degreesuse ceiling fans to circulate heat or cool airinstall extra installationuse cold water when possiblerun full loads of dishes and clothesfill sink to rinse dishes instead of running water