Presentation on theme: "FACS – Unit 3 Housing and Interior Design. Housing Choices Many people want a home of their own to recreate the feelings of safety and security they experienced."— Presentation transcript:
FACS – Unit 3 Housing and Interior Design
Housing Choices Many people want a home of their own to recreate the feelings of safety and security they experienced as young children. What are the most important characteristics of the home that YOU want to have one day? Other than providing shelter, what purposes do you think your home will serve?
Single Family Housing Free standing Dont share walls with another unit May be one story or many Intended for a single family 3.2
Single Family Housing Manufactured Housing Also called pre-fab (pre-fabricated) Portions constructed in factory Contractor required to lay foundation, assemble pieces, and install utilities Mobile Home Movable dwellings Built and assembled at a factory and moved to location 3.2
Multi Family Housing Duplex One building that contains two separate units 3.2
Multi Family Housing Multiplex Similar to a duplex, but three or more units share one building 3.2
Townhouse Homes built in rows and attached to one another at the side walls Multi Family Housing 3.2
Apartments Any structure that has rental units for more than 2 families 3.2
Multi Family Housing Condominium Individually owned units in a multiple-family dwelling Owner pays a fee to cover maintaining hallways, landscaping, and other common areas 3.2
Multi Family Housing Cooperative Less common form of ownership Residents of a multiple-family dwelling form an organization that owns the building Members must buy shares in the building in order to have a living unit in the building New members must be voted on before buying shares are allowed. 3.2
Factors to Consider The way a house looks is only PART of the decision about whether to live there. Many other factors must be considered and often have more influence than the appearance of the home.
Factors to Consider Does it meet the needs of the family: Family size Stage of the Family Life Cycle Special needs of family members - handicap accessible, home office, etc Location Proximity to schools, shopping, church, police and fire stations, parks and recreation 3.2
Factors to Consider Environment / Condition of neighborhood Accessible technology High-speed internet access, cable TV availability Affordability No more than 28%of income PITI – Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance Utility expenses 3.2
Elements of Design Line Shape Texture Space Color 3.3
Elements of Design Line Provides a sense of direction – causes eye to move side to side or up and down Vertical lines - point to the sky Horizontal lines - relaxation, informality Diagonal lines - activity, movement Curved lines - activity or relaxation, depending on the degree to which they are curved 3.3
Elements of Design Shape or Form Make up the objects shape – outline of the object Shape becomes three-dimensional, gains depth and is known as form Shape can make object appear heavy or light 3.3
Elements of Design Texture The way a an objects surfaces look and feel Dull or Shiny Smooth or Rough Plush and soft 3.3
Elements of Design Space Three-dimensional area to be designed (room itself) Also refers to area around or between objects within that space Can greatly impact feel of room cozy verses crowded 3.3
Elements of Design Color Gives great life and beauty to room Expresses the personality of entire family Set the mood of a room Make room seem warmer or cooler Change the apparent size and shape of a room Tie other design elements together Disguise architectural flaws Creates a center of interest 3.3
Elements of Design - Color Color Wheel P – primary S – Secondary (P+P) T – Tertiary (P+S) 3.2
Warm and Cool Colors Cool Colors – Colors of the ocean green blue violet Warm Colors – Colors of the sunset yellow orange red
Elements of Design - Color Color Wheel P – primary S – Secondary (P+P) T – Tertiary (P+S) 3.2
Common Color Schemes
Basic Color Schemes Monochromatic--variations of one color only light blue, blue, and dark blue Complementary--made up of 2 colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel blue and orange red and green
Basic Color Schemes Triadic--3 colors the same distance from one another on the color wheel red, blue and yellow Analogous--2 or more colors next to each other on the color wheel blue green, green, and blue Split complementary--results when a color is combined with colors on each side of its complement blue, red-orange, yellow-orange
3.7 Name the principles of design When used together in design, the elements of color, line, form, and texture make sense only when certain principles of design are applied to them. They are: Proportion Balance Emphasis Rhythm Harmony
Name the principles of design Proportion--the way one part of a design relates in size or shape to another or to the whole. Based on form and size unequal proportion is more pleasing Furniture and accessories that are too large will crowd a small room and make the room seem even smaller.
Name the principles of design Balance--gives a feeling of equal weight among parts of a design. Formal--objects on each side of an imaginary centerline are the same Informal--the objects on each side of the center are different in size, form, texture, or color
Name the principles of design Emphasis--the point of greatest interest examples--fireplace, flower arrangement, artwork
Name the principles of design Rhythm--feeling of movement, leading the eye from one point to another Repetition--repeating color, line, form, texture Opposition--rhythm formed by lines meeting at right angles Gradation--created by a change in color value from dark to light Radiation--lines extend outward from a central point, such as a bouquet of flowers Transition--rhythm found in curved lines
Name the principles of design Harmony--the feeling that all parts of a design belong together. Variety is interesting if objects grouped together have something in common such as color
Imagine… What would have to be done to make your home safe for an elderly person? What if the person were almost blind? Could these changes benefit your family today?
You Need A Plan! Home Maintenance Eliminating clutter, cleaning, making minor repairs or changes, and keeping household equipment in good working order. Good home maintenance can catch small problems from escalating!
A Successful Plan Is One That… Families make together! List tasks for each room. Decide how often tasks should be done. Consider how long each task will take. Then decide who will be responsible for each job!
Daily Cleaning Tasks You Should Not Avoid! Wash dishes with hot, soapy water. Dispose of garbage. Wipe up food spills as they occur. Clean kitchen sink and counters. Sweep or vacuum the kitchen floor. Put away clothes and other belongings. Keep traffic patterns, stairs and doorways free of clutter.
Occasional Tasks Cleaning refrigerator Washing wall and windows Cleaning blinds and curtains Washing blankets Cleaning closets Cleaning drawers
Ways To Organize Storage Pick up and put up! Every room should have storage space. Two General Guidelines: Store items near the area theyre used. Store frequently used items where they can be reached easily.
Selecting Appropriate Cleaning Products Select products and equipment that do various household cleaning jobs. Choose products that clean more than one type of surface. Use environmentally friendly products. Baking soda Baking soda and vinegar
Maintain A Healthy Environment Keep home free of dirt and bacteria. Make your home a healthy place to live. Remove dust and dirt, dispose of garbage and control pests.
Dust and Dirt Sweep, dust, vacuum, wash and mop Wipe windowsills and baseboards. Dust all furnishings. Work from the top to the bottom. Use vacuum cleaner Wash hard floors regularly.
Garbage Makes a clean house look dirty/messy. Garbage may contain thousands of germs. Can give off a bad odor. Dispose of garbage daily!
Pests Roaches, ants, flies, and mice Can carry germs and cause illness. Regular home maintenance can usually keep pests under control. If not, use pest control products or call a professional.
Finally, Keep A Positive Attitude! Play music as you work. Think of cleaning as exercise. Work with someone else and visit as you work. Use household tasks as a way to reduce stress.
Strategies for Keeping Your Home Safe Hazard A source of danger Falls Electrical Hazards Fires Poisons
Preventing Falls Make sure throw rugs have a nonskid backing. Use sturdy ladder or stepstool. Keep traffic patterns free of clutter. Use adequate lighting. Use railings on stairs. Use rubber mat in bathtub.
Preventing Electrical Hazards Dont plug too many cords into one outlet. Never use electrical appliances near water. Dont run electrical cords underneath rugs or carpeting. Cover outlets that small children can reach. Repair or replace damaged cords and appliances.
Fires Every home should have a fire extinguisher. Smoke detectors should be in every room. If not, they should at least be on every floor and near each bedroom, the kitchen and near the furnace. Check monthly and change batteries annually. Schedule fire drills.
Poisonings Prescription drugs Some cleaning products Never store poisons in another container. Never act like medicine is candy to a child.
Know How To Make A Few Repairs! This will save your family money now and in the future. Watch those in your home who do the repairs.
Conserving Energy and Resources Keep thermostat turned down to 68 degrees in winter Set air conditioner no lower than 78 degrees use ceiling fans to circulate heat or cool air install extra installation use cold water when possible run full loads of dishes and clothes fill sink to rinse dishes instead of running water