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® Forging new generations of engineers. Principles & Elements of Design.

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Presentation on theme: "® Forging new generations of engineers. Principles & Elements of Design."— Presentation transcript:

1 ® Forging new generations of engineers

2 Principles & Elements of Design

3 Visual Design Elements Six integral components in the creation of a design: Line Color Form/Shape Space Texture Value

4 Line Types Vertical- Represents dignity, formality, stability and strength. Horizontal- Represents calm, peace and relaxation. Diagonal- Represents action, activity, excitement and movement. Curved- Represents freedom, the natural, having the appearance of softness and creates a soothing feeling or mood.

5 Vertical Lines

6 Horizontal Lines

7 Diagonal Lines

8 Curved Lines

9 Color Color has an immediate and profound effect on a design. Types Warm Colors Reds, oranges, yellows Cool Colors Blues, purples, greens Colors can affect how humans feel and act.

10 Color

11 Form and Shape The shape, outline, or configuration of anything. Examples Squares Circles Ellipses Ovals Rectangles Triangles

12 Form and Shape

13 Space By incorporating the use of space in your design, you can enlarge or reduce the visual space. Types Open, uncluttered spaces Cramped, busy Unused vs. good use of space

14 Texture The surface look or feel of something. Types Smooth surface Reflects more light and, therefore, is a more intense color. Rough surface Absorbs more light and, therefore, appears darker.

15 Smooth Texture

16 Rough Texture

17 Value The relative lightness or darkness of a color. Methods Shade Degree of darkness of a color Tint A pale or faint variation of a color

18 Visual Design Principles There are five principles that encompass an interesting design. Balance Rhythm Emphasis Proportion and scale Unity

19 Balance Parts of the design are equally distributed to create a sense of stability. There can be physical as well as visual balance. Types Symmetrical or Formal Balance Asymmetrical or Informal Balance Radial Balance Vertical Balance Horizontal Balance

20 Balance Symmetrical or Formal Balance The elements within the design are identical in relation to a centerline or axis.

21 Balance Asymmetrical or Informal Balance Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight.

22 Balance Radial Balance Design Elements radiate outward from the center.

23 Balance Vertical Balance The top and bottom parts are equal.

24 Balance Horizontal Balance The left and right parts are equal.

25 Rhythm Repeated use of line, shape, color, texture or pattern. Types Regular rhythm Graduated rhythm Random rhythm Gradated rhythm

26 Rhythm Regular Rhythm A element is repeated at the same repetition each time.

27 Rhythm Graduated Rhythm The beats of the element become closer or further apart as they move.

28 Rhythm Random Rhythm The beats of the element are random or are at irregular intervals.

29 Rhythm Gradated Rhythm The repeated element is identical with the exception of one detail increasing or decreasing gradually with each repetition.

30 Emphasis Points of attention in a design. The feature in a design that attracts ones eye. The focal point. Emphasis can be achieved through size, placement, color and use of lines. The most personal aspect of a design.

31 Proportion and Scale Comparative relationships between elements in a design with respect to size. 3:5 ratio is known as the Golden Mean. Scale The proportions or size of one part of the image in relationship to the other.

32 Unity Unity is applying consistent use of lines, color, and texture within a design. To be harmonious.

33 Unity

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