Presentation on theme: "Forging new generations of engineers"— Presentation transcript:
1Forging new generations of engineers Forging new generations of engineers
2Principles & Elements of Design Visual Design Principles and ElementsIntroduction to Engineering DesignUnit 3 – Lesson 3.1 – Visual AnalysisPrinciples & Elements of DesignCommon Changes to Unit:Revised lessons include Essential Questions that all students should be able to answer as a result of the lesson and completing the related activities. The Essential questions are related directly to the concepts and standards. The Key Terms are linked to Glossary and provide teacher and students with a ready source of information related to the lesson and activities.Project Lead The Way®Copyright 2006
3Visual Design Elements Six integral components in the creation of a design:SpaceTextureValueLineColorForm/Shape
4LineTypesVertical- Represents dignity, formality, stability and strength.Horizontal- Represents calm, peace and relaxation.Diagonal- Represents action, activity, excitement and movement.Curved- Represents freedom, the natural, having the appearance of softness and creates a soothing feeling or mood.
9and profound effect on a design. ColorColor has an immediateand profound effect on a design.TypesWarm ColorsReds, oranges, yellowsCool ColorsBlues, purples, greensColors can affect how humans feel and act.
13Space By incorporating the use of space in your design, you can enlarge or reduce the visual space.TypesOpen, uncluttered spacesCramped, busyUnused vs. good use of space
14The surface look or feel of something. TextureThe surface look or feel of something.TypesSmooth surfaceReflects more light and, therefore, is a more intense color.Rough surfaceAbsorbs more light and, therefore, appears darker.
17Visual Design Principles and Elements Introduction to Engineering DesignUnit 3 – Lesson 3.1 – Visual AnalysisValueThe relative lightness or darkness of a color.MethodsShadeDegree of darkness of a colorTintA pale or faint variation of a colorAdd black to get a shade. Add white to get a tint.Project Lead The Way®Copyright 2006
18Visual Design Principles and Elements Introduction to Engineering DesignUnit 3 – Lesson 3.1 – Visual AnalysisVisual Design PrinciplesThere are five principles that encompass an interesting design.BalanceRhythmEmphasisProportion and scaleUnityThere are many different lists of design principles used by various occupational areas.Project Lead The Way®Copyright 2006
19BalanceParts of the design are equally distributed to create a sense of stability.There can be physical as well as visual balance.TypesSymmetrical or Formal BalanceAsymmetrical or Informal BalanceRadial BalanceVertical BalanceHorizontal Balance
20Balance Symmetrical or Formal Balance The elements within the design are identical in relation to a centerline or axis.
21Balance Asymmetrical or Informal Balance Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight.
22Balance Radial Balance Design Elements radiateoutward from the center.
23Balance Vertical Balance The top and bottom parts are equal.
24Balance Horizontal Balance The left and rightparts are equal.
25Visual Design Principles and Elements Introduction to Engineering DesignUnit 3 – Lesson 3.1 – Visual AnalysisRhythmRepeated use of line, shape, color, texture or pattern.TypesRegular rhythmGraduated rhythmRandom rhythmGradated rhythmThis principle is sometimes referred to as repetition.Project Lead The Way®Copyright 2006
26Visual Design Principles and Elements Introduction to Engineering DesignUnit 3 – Lesson 3.1 – Visual AnalysisRhythm Regular Rhythm A element is repeated at the same repetition each time.Flagpoles, windows on buildings, stripes on awning, lights that illuminate awning all represent regular rhythm.Project Lead The Way®Copyright 2006
27Rhythm Graduated Rhythm The beats of the element become closer or further apart as they move.
28Rhythm Random Rhythm The beats of the element are random or are at irregular intervals.
29Visual Design Principles and Elements Introduction to Engineering DesignUnit 3 – Lesson 3.1 – Visual AnalysisRhythm Gradated Rhythm The repeated element is identical with the exception of one detail increasing or decreasing gradually with each repetition.The shelves get smaller and smaller.Project Lead The Way®Copyright 2006
30Emphasis Points of attention in a design. The feature in a design that attracts one’s eye.The focal point.Emphasis can be achieved through size, placement, color and use of lines.The most personal aspect of a design.
31Proportion and ScaleComparative relationships between elements in a design with respect to size.3:5 ratio is known as the Golden Mean.ScaleThe proportions or size of one part of the image in relationship to the other.
32UnityUnity is applying consistent use of lines, color, and texture within a design.To be harmonious.