Presentation on theme: "Layout of the paper QUESTION 1 History, Archaeology and Science MULTIPLE CHOICE AND SHORT ANSWER QUESTION 2 SOCIETY STUDY- Death and Burial SHORT ANSWER."— Presentation transcript:
1 Layout of the paperQUESTION 1 History, Archaeology and Science MULTIPLE CHOICE AND SHORT ANSWERQUESTION 2 SOCIETY STUDY- Death and BurialSHORT ANSWER WITH 1 12 MARK RESPONSEQUESTION 3 Society- City of Rome in the Late Republic SHORT AND EXTENDED RESPONSE
2 PACING This is a 2 hour paper to complete 3 topic questions This allows 40 minutes per topic. The mini extended responses should take up at least 20 minutes. If the average writing speed is 30 words per minute these responses should be around 600 words.Ancient History requires good memory and strong wrists!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
3 YEARLY eXAm StructureQuestion 1 ( similar to HSC core, BUT WILL HAVE A broadsheet attached with sources A-F)There will now be multiple choice questions, the number may vary.( 7) All multiple choice questions can be answered from the sourcesQuestion 8 will be a describe question for 6 marks. Where you are able to use the given source and sources of your ownQuestion 9 is the 10 mark extended response using one source and your own knowledge explain…….
4 Exam techniquePart 9 will be an extended response worth 10 marks. Do not be limited by the space. Be limited by your time.Question 1-9 will be completed on the exam paper but backs of pages and spare paper will be givenExtended response questions could be ;Discuss the significance of ……,Explain the importance of.
5 Syllabus dot points SOURCE BASED ESSAY STYLE 1 Methods of investigating the historical past• roles of history and archaeology in investigating the past; complementary nature ofboth disciplines• the unique methodologies of the historian and archaeologist; the contribution ofwritten and material remains in providing evidence of the past2 The nature of sources and evidence• archaeological and written sources; how evidence is lost, preserved and rediscovered• the nature of evidence provided by written and archaeological sources, complementaryand contradictory• asking questions of archaeological and written sources• determining the reliability of archaeological and written sources• historiographical issues raised by archaeological and written sources3 Reconstructing the past: the role of sources and evidence• reconstructing the past using archaeological and written sources; analysis of sourcesfor use as evidence; recognising the provisional nature of the evidence• testing hypotheses using types of sources; complementary and contradictory evidence;determining authenticity, reliability and usefulness of sources• forensic techniques used to bring together a coherent picture of a person, group, eventand site; problems of authenticity – fakes and forgeries• history of archaeology – changing purposes, excavations and recording techniques• archaeological conservation and preservation – preservation techniques, the role ofscience and disputation over ‘reconstruction of historic sites’• problems associated with reconstructing the past through archaeological evidence –ancient customs and religious beliefs• different interpretations of the past• influence of different perspectives on interpretations of the past• significance of selectivity, emphasis and omission for the interpretation of the past4 Current concerns relating to the ethics of the discipline• Who owns the past? Who should administer the past? Who presents the past?• human remains – ethical issues involved in their analysis and uses• cultural property – ownership and custodianship5 The role of science in unlocking the past• contributions of science and other disciplines to the analysis and reconstruction of thepast:– biology– medicine– physics– geography– geology– chemistry– computer science– mathematics– sociology– anthropology– cartography– epigraphy– numismatics– vulcanology– papyrology– dating of evidenceESSAY STYLEPOWERPOINTS;FINDING AND DATING EVIDENCE
6 Bias- conscious and unconscious HISTORICALCONTEXTSOCIAL CONTEXTPERSONAL CONTEXTHISTORIAN'SBIASContextual bias of author, personal, social and historical.Gender and Class biasBias of ommissionEvidence lost or destroyed, renders the past incomplete
7 Archaeological bias Contextual bias Inferential bias Syria: Tell Fakhariyah ca B.C. Gypsum, painted, inlaid with bitumen and stone male cm H, 10.0 cm W female cm H, 11.0 cm W
8 What assumptions do we make in our interpretations QUESTIONS AND ANSWERSSource 2What can this artifact tell you about the society that made it? 100 wordsWhat assumptions do we make in our interpretations
9 Finding and dating FINDING DATING Chance Relative-Stratigraphy Ground SurveysseriationAerial SurveysAbsolute-Radio CarbonorganicGround Penetrating RadarThermoluminescencepotteryMagnetometerPotassium ArgonRocks and mineralsSatellite radarDendrochronologywoodSonarElectro Spin Resonancepottery., minerals, teeth, shell
10 Acknowledging Bias“ Despite Caesar’s obvious self promotion his description of the battle provides us with valuable information on……”“ Plutarch’s view of Cleopatra is obviously colored by the gender and class bias of his time ( cultural context).”“Mary Hays counters the male view of Agrippina with an equally biased feminist viewpoint….”Despite the fragmentary nature of the artefact we can safely conclude thatThe decontextual nature of the artefact renders a conclusion impossible. However a tentative hypothesis could be made that….
11 HOW TO NAIL AN ANSWERAlways back up your answer with specific details and specific archaeological examplesEg Dead Sea Scrolls, Turin Shroud, Terracotta WarriorsIf Ethical issues be specific;OWNERSHIP AND DISPLAY OF REMAINSEgyptian legislation on displaying the Dead,Ownership-Kow Swamp Aboriginal remainsElgin MarblesCultural Property and looting
12 YOU BE THE bOARDIn pairs create a 3, 6 and 10 mark question drawn from the dot points.Swap with the pair nearest you who will attempt to provide a dot point answer to each question
13 Death and burialLindow Man, Grauballe Man, Windeby Girl, Tollund Man – places of discovery, datingof finds• events surrounding discovery of the bodies: preservation of the bodies in the peat bogs,possible causes of death, various hypotheses based on forensic evidence and other sources• reconstructing the lifestyle of these individuals: physical appearance, clothing, evidence ofthe environment; possible cause of death; associated rituals• comparison with other finds of a similar nature: Ice Man, mummified Scythians, Inuitboy, Peruvian mummies, Egyptian examples• religious beliefs and customs associated with burial practices of this nature• role of science and written sources in reconstructing the past
14 WHAT Can we tell Inference: What Can We Learn? Demographic structure of population Height, body size, relatedness Everyday life Subsistence Disease and health Stress (physical, dietary) Beliefs- passage to and afterlife, values, beauty, status of women Status Trade and migration
15 WHAT CAN’T WE TELL Pathology –Health and Disease The Paradox: “Healthy” looking skeletons: May have died ofserious, acute infections “Unhealthy” looking skeletons: May have beenstrong enough to survive multiple insults to health We’re looking at DEAD populations – not livingones Disease we can see in bone? Long-standing, chronic conditions Include infection, dietary deficiency, degenerative
16 burials Burial remains as evidence Health, disease, Skeletons Art &ArchitectureCraft skills,TombLOCAL/IMPORTED PRODUCTSEconomy, SPECIALIZATIONTomb goodsValues and beliefs about life and deathStatus, PowerSocial classesINHERITANCE PATTERNSGENDER ROLES
17 Limitations of burials Grave goodsWere they meant as a votive offering to the gods or were they needed in the afterlife?PURPOSEWere the goods specific funerary ware or were they in general circulation.?Did they belong to the deceased or to the mourners.?OWNERSHIPDo the grave goods reflect the deceased life or merely tributes to the deceased from the attending mourners?INTERPRETATIONCan the burial under study be taken as representative of the population as a whole
18 examples RICH ATHENIAN LADY NATUFIAN BURIAL Tomb of Naevola Tyche Royal graves at UR or others that you researchedYou may also draw on celtic burials
19 caSE STUDY- DEATH AND BURIAL This year there are three short answer questions- 5, 8 and 12 marks5 mark requires you to briefly describe. Do not waste time on this lines with specific description will give you full marksExplain, will need higher order statements which reference varying perspectivesThe 12 mark is also explain but requires you to show a greater breadth of specific knowledge
20 Can you use Ice Man???????Ice Man can be used as a supporting source but should not be the main focus.You must show a comprehensive knowledge of other sources eg Rich Athenian Lady, Bog Bodies etc
21 Types of questionsWith reference to specific sources explain what death and burial practices tell us about the Society.“Burials have been described as containing more information per cubic meter than any other archaeological features”.Explain this statement with reference to specific sources
22 Complete a structured plan to answer a INTROPARAGRAPH 123CONCLUSION
23 Society Study-City of Rome in the Late Republic Four questions; 3, 4 ,6 and 12 marks3 mark will always be a What is or Define4 MARK will be describe6 mark will be explain12 mark will have an attached source ( usually visual) where the question says With reference to the source and other evidence you have studied explain
24 Study the dot points Identify possible 4,8,10 mark questions the geographical features: rivers, hills, marshesthe water system, drains: Cloaca Maximathe Forum Romanum: the Via Sacra (road)the Regia, Temple of Vesta, the Curia, Temple of Saturn, Basilica Aemilia, Basilica Julia, the Rostra, the Tabularium, the Comitium: main features and purposes of the buildingsactivities in the Forum: politics, administration, religion, courts, theatre, gladiatorial displays, triumphs, speeches, funeralsthe area of the Campus Martius: buildings: Circus Flaminius, Villa Publica, Altar of Mars; Pompey’s theatre, military training groundthe Circus Maximus: main features and uses
25 Practice question 8 marks With reference to the source and your own knowledge explain the importance of entertainment to Romans of the Late RepublicWinners were awarded laurel wreaths and their freedomFour horse and two horse chariot races where drivers usually slaves wrapped reigns around waistTeams were red, blue, white and green
26 What else????? Gladiators Theatres Gambling Bathing Dining For the 8 mark question 2 or 3 sources of evidence should be incliuded
27 Planning a response Opening paragraph which addresses the question Problems of evidence; lack of archaeological remains? Other useful sourcesParagraphs on Social, political and economic functionsEVIDENCE MUST BE INCLUDED!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!No evidence , no marks
28 HOW TO STRUCTURE A MINI REPONSE Introductions are always minimal- one or 2 sentences at the most. Always allude to problems of evidence and change over time. Each paragraph contains an aspect of Celtic society supported by at least 1 archaeological or written source. Again the Conclusion should sum up. A 12 mark question should be around 500 words
29 YOU BE THE BOARD OF STUDIES USING THE DOT POINTS ON THE SYLLABUS CREATE A 3, 4 , 6 AND 12 MARK QUESTIONGOOD LUCK
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