2 Tools for Learning History Think about the Big PictureMarker events that make a difference in the course of historyThink about themesUnifying threads that can be separated but often intertwineThemes in AP world: humans and the environment, cultures, political structures and power (govts and politics), economic systems, and social structuresThink about chunksPeriodizationMarker events make one period distinct from anotherFive main periods in AP world
3 Tools for Learning History Think comparativelyThink about comparisons with big pictures, themes, and chunks.Think about change over timeWhat happens in the beginning, causes things to change, how does the characters influence the ending?Think like a historianLook at evidence to reconstruct the pastAnalyze perspective or point of view
4 Necessary Habits for a Historian Evaluation based on evidenceAnalysis of primary documents and dataComparison and continuity and change over timeUnderstanding both global and local eventsUnderstanding how the past impacts the present and the future
6 Basics Given in May in a 2 week period Test is 3 hours and 5 minutes Half the grade is multiple choice and other half based on 3 essays
7 Section I: Multiple Choice 70 multiple choice questions based on give time periods in 55 minutesAll periods equally represented with slightly more questions on CE
8 Section I: Multiple Choice Scoring:Subtracts ¼ of the number of questions answered incorrectly from number of questions answered correctlyAnswered 30 questions right and 10 questions wrong. 10 x ¼ = 2.5, so get credit for 27.5 questionsPay attention to any visual (maps, charts, photographs, etc) information given, including titlesSometimes it requires content knowledge to answer.Be prepared for EXCEPT, NOT, LEAST
9 Section II: Free-Response You have 130 minutes to answer 3 free-response (essay) questionsYou can allocate your time however you like so don’t get too bogged down in any one questionPart A is the Document Based Question (DBQ) that includes a 10 minute reading period and a 40 minute writing periodPart B is an essay that deals with continuity and change in one of the 5 time periods (40 minutes)Part C is a compare and contrast essay between at least two societies (40 minutes)You do not have to answer them in order; just allow enough time for eachScores range from 0-9
10 The Document Based Question (DBQ) Designed to measure our skills as an historianQuestion first then set of primary documents that must be read before the question can be answeredYou come up with a thesis and back it with specific evidence from the documents
11 The Document Based Question (DBQ) Response graded on these guidelines:Thesis – answer the question, not just repeat itRequires some judgment and interpretation of the evidenceFocus on the questionExample: Tensions existed between nomadic and sedentary people during the period before 600 C.E.” is NOT A GOOD THESISBe specificUse all of the documentsYou must USE ALL THE DOCUMENTS in your responseMust be clear which document you are referringCan refer by number (Document 1), author, or brief descriptionMust demonstrate understanding of documents but you can misinterpret one and still get the point
12 The Document Based Question (DBQ) Response graded on these guidelines:Supporting evidenceYou may use quote from a document or simply describe which part you are using. Do not quote extensively from documents because it is too time consuming.Receive 1-2 points for this part2 for appropriate evidence from all but one doc1 point from all but two docsPoint of ViewMust analyze the author’s point of view in at least TWO documentsLook carefully of when it was written and evaluate how objective the author might beYou are seeking the truth and all docs must be evaluated for reliability
13 The Document Based Question (DBQ) Response graded on these guidelines:Grouping documentsGroup docs based in ways that make sense based on the questionGroup chronologically, region, culture, or themeMay also group by authors who agree with each otherMake sure groups are clearly identifiedYou get 2-3 points for thisAdditional documentsIdentify one additional document or source and explain why it would you answer the question“If only I have this document” and why
14 Continuity and Change Over Time Analyze change and continuities over the course of at least one timer periodUsually have to explain how one aspect of a society or region changed and/or stayed the same over time
15 Continuity and Change Over Time Graded on:Acceptable thesisAnswer the question, not just repeat it.Has some judgment and interpretation of evidenceMust be focused on the questionComplete answerAnswer ALL partsMust address both CHANGES and CONTINUITY (things that stay the same)2 points for answering all of the question, 1 point for addressing most of the question
16 Continuity and Change Over Time Graded on:Supporting evidenceEvidence must come from content knowledgeNo required evidence – question is so broad that many different pieces of evidence can be presented2 points for providing appropriate evidence1 point for partially substantiating the thesisWorld Historical ContextMust be explained in the broader world history of the time periodIf your question is about China, put China within the context of the era. What contacts did China have with other civilizations that affected its politics, etc?
17 Continuity and Change Over Time Graded on:Analysis of the process of continuity and changeDetermine how various factors or parts of the topic relate to the change or explain the continuityWhy did the changes occur?
18 The Comparative EssayCompare at least two societies or regions in terms of one of the major themesAsks for both similarities and differences and usually some choice of the societies involved.
19 The Comparative Essay Graded on: Acceptable thesis Answer the question, not just repeat itRequires some judgment and interpretation and focused on the questionComplete answerAnswer ALL parts of the questionDiscuss both similarities and differences2 points is awarded for answering ALL parts of the question1 point is awarded for address MOST parts of the question
20 The Comparative Essay Graded on: Supporting evidence Must come from content knowledgeUsually so broad that there are many different pieces of evidence that may be presented2 points for provided appropriate historical evidence1 point is awarded partially substantiating the thesisDirect comparisonDon’t present both societies and then not directly point out differences or similarities between themEx: Unlike in Rome, Chinese society was held together by Confucianism”Organize essay topic, rather than by country or society
21 The Comparative Essay Graded on: Reason for a similarity or difference Explain why the two societies are different or similarMust be made without the context of a direct comparisonEx: The difference in the outcomes of the fall of the Rome and India might be explained by the unifying influence of the fall of Rome and India might be explained by the unifying influence of Hinduism in India and the lack of a comparable unifying influence in Rome.