Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 – Studying the Ancient World"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 – Studying the Ancient World Section NotesVideoClues from the PastPutting the Pieces TogetherArchaeology, History, and GeographyQuick FactsMapsChapter 1 Visual SummaryAncient TroyImagesEvidence of the PastAncient CluesAn Artifact as EvidenceThe Legend of Troy
2 Clues from the Past The Big Idea Historians and archaeologists study fossils, artifacts, and written records to learn about the past.Main IdeasHistorians and archaeologists look for clues in written records and artifacts.Other sources of clues include legends and luck.
3 Mainly Use Written Works HistoriansStudy HistoryHistory is the study of the past.Historians learn about the past.Curious about the PastHow, when, where, and why people did what they didCauses and effectsMainly Use Written WorksLawsSpeechesLettersContractsPoemsCarvings
4 Archaeologists Study History Use materials that people left behind Explore places where people lived, worked, and foughtStudy FossilsParts or imprints of something that was once aliveExamples: ancient bones, imprints preserved in rocksStudy ArtifactsObjects created and used by humansExamples: arrowheads, coins, toys, pottery, and jewelry
5 Historical SourcesAccount of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the eventPrimary sourceExamplesTreaties, court records, diaries, letters, videos, or photographs of and actual eventInformation gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an eventSecondary sourceTextbooks, encyclopedias, biographies, or videos describing events after they occurExamples
6 Other Sources of Clues Legends Luck Stories and legends can point scholars toward discoveries.Real people may have inspired legends.Can provide clues to locationsLuckModern digging crews can uncover ancient sites.Unknown documents can be found when least expected.
7 Putting the Pieces Together The Big IdeaHistorians and archaeologists put written and unwritten clues together to learn about the past and sometimes to revise their ideas about the past.Main IdeasUsing the evidence they have gathered allows historians to draw conclusions about societies in the past.Views of the past change because of new discoveries and new interpretations.
8 Main Idea 1: Using the evidence they have gathered allows historians to draw conclusions about societies in the past.A society is a community of people who share a common culture.Clues can teach historians about social structure—the way a community is organized.Families are a very important part of a culture’s social structure.People can learn a lot about a culture’s family life from its literature and art.
9 Politics and Economic Systems Written sources such as political speeches can inform historians about political and economic systems.Some sources, such as records, are useful for looking at people’s financial situations.Artifacts such as coins and obsidian offer clues as well.
10 LanguageLearning about ancient languages can be very difficult for historians.Clues like the Rosetta Stone showed the same message in Greek and Egyptian, making it easier to translate.
11 Art and ArchitectureArt can show a group’s religious beliefs, such as the artwork in the Egyptian tombs.Art also gives clues about a culture’s level of technology.Architecture provides clear evidence about society. The buildings themselves can also hold clues.
12 Beliefs and ValuesThe Code of Hammurabi and Confucius’s teachings tell us about the importance of family and the value of justice.Unwritten sources can also provide good information. Greek statues and vases show the importance the Greeks placed on sports.
13 Main Idea 2: Views of the past change because of new discoveries and new interpretations. Historical evidence can change our understanding of when events happened.How we view a society can also change with new archaeological finds.New evidence can shed light on old stories.
14 New InterpretationsThe growth of democracy, the civil rights movement, and women’s movements have affected how we study history.Once rich and powerful people received most of the attention in history books, but that is changing now.Personal opinions of historians can also affect their views.