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By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School US History.

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Presentation on theme: "By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School US History."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School US History

2 Pre-War Foreign Policy - US focused on domestic issues -extreme anti-war feelings Merchants of Death -Good Neighbor policy in Latin America -Neutrality Acts forbids arms sales to warring nations Roosevelt gives Quarantine speech

3 -Weak League of Nations US failed to join Inability to use force to stop aggressive nations France - War damaged - Need for security from Germany - Strict enforcement of the Versailles Treaty - Construction of the Maginot Line Lacarno Treaty - Pledge to keep the peace in Europe - Kellogg-Briand Pact signed later Prelude to War:

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6 Rise of Fascism Combination of Dictatorship & Totalitarianism Political, social, economic, cultural control Mass appeal and propaganda Nationalistic Militaristic Opposed to communist ideals Wanted control through force Appealed to upper classes and existing class order Rise of Fascism Combination of Dictatorship & Totalitarianism Political, social, economic, cultural control Mass appeal and propaganda Nationalistic Militaristic Opposed to communist ideals Wanted control through force Appealed to upper classes and existing class order

7 Rise of Mussolini Black Shirts - Private army - Intimidation Mussolini gains in popularity Civil unrest Black Shirts Mussolini appointed - head of govt - Dictatorship begins - Civil liberties repressed Rise of Mussolini Black Shirts - Private army - Intimidation Mussolini gains in popularity Civil unrest Black Shirts Mussolini appointed - head of govt - Dictatorship begins - Civil liberties repressed

8 Rise of Nazi Party Adolph Hitler - German Workers Party - Opposition to Socialists Storm Troopers or Brown Shirts Critic of Weimar Republic Beer hall Putsch fails – Hitler jailed Writes Mein Kampf - Nationalism - Racism - Lebensraum = living space Hitler and Nazi Party seek to take power legally after Hitlers prison term.

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10 Rise of J. Stalin Joseph Stalin - Communist Russia - Replaced V. Lenin Killed 20 million of his own in Great Purge for power. Totalitarian State. Five-Year Plans to industrial nation Hated Fascism! Will sign a secret treaty with Hitler / Poland. When Hitler turns on USSR, they will join Allied Side…

11 Totalitarianism 11

12 Japans Aggression Japan invades Manchuria -League of Nations ineffective -Japan withdraws from the League -Japan begins the conquest of China - Wanted Natural Resources – Oil, timber, steel, etc…. - Feel they are racially superior over all of Asia

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14 Hitlers Pre-War Actions -Starts the Rearmament of Germany, violated Versailles Treaty -Withdrawal from the League of nations

15 -Occupation of the Rhineland -Alliance with Italy -Annexation of Austria, goal of uniting all German people -Union was forbidden in the Versailles Treaty

16 Austria & Czechoslovakia -Annexation of Austria, goal of uniting all German people -Union was forbidden in the Versailles Treaty 16

17 Hitler's Move: -Czechoslovakian crisis Sudetenland contained Germans -Munich Conference with other leaders of Europe -Appeasement policy -Peace in our time -Six Months later takes it all / Czechoslovakia

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21 Europe begins to prepare for war -Nazi-Soviet Pact, August Germany hopes to avoid a two front war -Each pledges neutrality in a war -Each gets a sphere of influence in eastern Europe -Invasion of Poland, Sept. 1 st Captured country in six wks. France & GB declare war!

22 -Polish question -Britain and France pledge protection -Polish Corridor -War begins on Sept. 1, 1939

23 Blitzkrieg Lightning warfare -heavy use of machinery and aircraft -quick victory over Poland -Phony War begins Maginot Line Siegfried Line -Stalin attacks Finland, Hitler attacks Denmark, Norway, then Belgium -Invasion of France -Massive Allied evacuation at Dunkirk -France signs surrender, June 1940

24 Battle of Britain - Germany controls most of Europe -Luftwaffe begin bombing of Britain over 100 days. -RAF defends British homeland New Technology – Radar

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26 -Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few Winston Churchill speaking of the pilots of the RAF Prime Minster of Great Britain Germany never launches invasion of Britain 26

27 By Morgan J. Burris Lexington Middle School The End


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