2 ItalySuffered greatly under the worldwide depression after WWI
3 Benito MussoliniMussolini captures Rome with his Blackshirt Party in 1922Fascism - Single person leads the countryTotalitarianism - Govt. controls every facet of your life
4 Germany Germany was destroyed after WWI Were blamed by the World for the war and following depressionTreaty of Versailles had them paying $33 billion, which they do not haveVery angry as a people
5 Adolf HitlerDad sent Hitler to Vienna, Austria at 12 to study - Learns to hate JewsFails as an artist, joins the military to fight in WWIWhile in jail after WWI, he writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) - blamed communists, intellectuals, and Jews for Germany’s defeat
6 Hitler and the Nazi Party Hitler’s Nazi Party gets 32% of vote in elections in 1932Hitler is elected ChancellorTakes dictatorial power and forms a fascist, totalitarian stateRebuilds army to show power and pride in Germany
7 Japan Suffers greatly during the Depression Lack of natural resources Attacks mineral-rich Manchuria (North of China)League of Nations condemns attack, but can do nothingJapan invades ChinaJapan joins Germany and Italy in Axis Alliance
9 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Communist countryLenin dies and Joseph Stalin wins a power struggle to become leaderStalin’s Purges - In the 1930s, Stalin creates a personal police force of kill millions and send others to force labor camps in Siberia
12 United States US is stuck in the Great Depression FDR and most Americans are concerned about Germany, Italy, and Japan, but choose to be isolatedNeutrality Acts (1935 and 1937) - Banned weapons sales with countries who are at war
13 Germany on the MoveLebensraum - Hitler wants living space for Germans, free Germanic people in other countriesCreates the Axis Powers (a military alliance) with ItalyRhineland Recaptured - in violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany takes land between it and FranceAustria (3/1938) - Hitler claims Germans in Austria should be part of Germany, so he takes itSudetenland (9/1938) - This area in Czechoslovakia was home to German speakers and Hitler said they were being mistreated.
14 Reaction to German Expansion Munich Conference - France and Great Britain meet with Germany and agree to give Hitler the Sudetenland as long as he promises to stop expandingAppeasement - giving in to the aggressor to keep peace - BAD IDEAHitler takes over Czechoslovakia anyway in March 1939Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact (8/1939) - Germany and USSR agree not to fight one anotherHitler now free to take Poland
16 “The government had to choose between shame and war “The government had to choose between shame and war. They have chosen shame and they will get war.” -Winston Churchill, a British official and soon to be Prime Minister of the Munich Conference
17 Anti-SemitismNazi Party bans Jews from govt. and takes away citizenshipKristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) 11/9/1938-91 Jews killedHundreds seriously wounded7500 Jewish businesses destroyed200 synagogues destroyedTook place in Germany and Austria
19 The burned-out synagogue of Aachen, Germany,one of nearly 200 synagogues destroyed during Kristallnacht.
20 The Fighting Begins9/1/ Germany attacks Poland with a new style of fighting - Blitzkrieg (lightning war)Poland was conquered in three weeksPoland was spilt up between the USSR and Germany by the end of the month
24 Britain and France begin to Move Begin to mobilize their forcesMaginot Line - Defensive structure along France’s border with Germany
25 Germany Kicks into High Gear April Denmark and Norway fallMay, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands fallAllows German troops to avoid the Maginot Line330,000 Allied troops escape to Great BritainJune France falls to GermanyJune, Germany attacks USSR, violating the Non-Aggression PactGermany takes 500,000 Soviet troops captiveSoviet citizens burn and destroy everything so that Germany cannot use it
27 Battle of BritainWith most of Europe under his control, Hitler looks to the island of Great BritainLuftwaffe attacks Royal Air Force (RAF) and Britain for 2.5 monthsBritish repel the attack with the help of radar and blackouts
30 US Begins to Notice Trouble Most Americans oppose Hitler, but still believe in isolationismFDR re-elected in 1940 and promises not “send our boys to foreign wars”FDR decides to prepare for war just in caseSelective Service and Training Act - first peacetime draft in US history, called on men from 21 to 35Lend-Lease Act - Allows FDR to loan $7 billion in war supplies to Great Britain as long as they come and get the goods
32 Pearl Harbor12/7/1941Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, and US naval bases in the Philippines, Guam, Midway, and Wake Islands12/8/ FDR asks Congress to declare war, calling 12/7 “a day that will live in infamy.”
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