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February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard R&D ERL Meeting Accelerator Safety Order (ASO) Requirements E. Lessard, Associate Chair for ESSHQ Collider-Accelerator.

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Presentation on theme: "February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard R&D ERL Meeting Accelerator Safety Order (ASO) Requirements E. Lessard, Associate Chair for ESSHQ Collider-Accelerator."— Presentation transcript:

1 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard R&D ERL Meeting Accelerator Safety Order (ASO) Requirements E. Lessard, Associate Chair for ESSHQ Collider-Accelerator Department February 17-18, 2010

2 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Meeting ASO Requirements 2

3 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 1.a. (Complete) Identify hazards and associated onsite and offsite impacts to workers, the public, and the environment from the facility for both normal operations and credible accidents. R&D ERL Hazard Screening Report, NEPA Review, Safety Assessment Document (SAD) –Ionizing Radiation –Oxygen Deficiency –Electrical Hazards –Fire Hazards –Industrial Hazards 3

4 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Ionizing Radiation ERL Hazards Unshielded dose rates –Bremsstrahlung dose rates of 4x10 7 rad/h in the forward direction at 1 meter and 5x10 5 rad/h in the transverse direction –neutron dose equivalent rates range between 6x10 3 and 1x10 5 rem/h at 1meter ERL Controls Shielded enclosure Interlocked gates 4

5 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Ionizing Radiation ERL HazardsERL Controls Interlocking area- radiation monitors 5

6 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Oxygen Deficiency ERL HazardsERL Controls ODH alarms ODH exhaust fans 6

7 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Laser Radiation, RF and X-rays ERL Hazard Class IV laser system 1 MW klystron source ERL Controls Access to laser area controlled with door interlocks Protective housing for laser and laser shutter interlock Laser beam transported in pipe Coordinated key system preventing access to klystron enclosure RF transported in pipe Steel shield housing around the klystron tube and tube base to attenuate x-rays 7

8 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Electric Shock/Arc Flash ERL Hazards Energized conductors Operation of breakers and disconnects ERL Controls Exposed conductors and terminals are covered or barriered for protection of personnel Training for workers Use of work planning, LOTO and Permits Use of proper PPE and compliance with NFPA 70E Magnets de-energized when routine work is done Electrical equipment is NRTL registered or equivalent 8

9 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Fire ERL Hazards The maximum credible fire incident was determined to be a fire in one magnet and damage to the two adjacent magnets While the klystrons 100 kV transformers have 800 gallons of oil, it was felt that smoke detectors, interlocks to turn off power to the 100 kV transformers, fire sprinklers, low-flammability oil in the transformers, secondary containment and onsite fire responders would result in a less credible fire incident ERL Controls Combustible loading was minimized in design Periodic safety inspections Fire detection and suppression system Design reviewed by BNL Fire Protection Engineer Design meets NFPA requirements On-site fire responders Interlocks to turn off power 9

10 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 1.d. (Complete) Prepare a single document addressing the hazards of the entire accelerator or prepare separate SADs for discrete modules of the facility such as injectors, targets, experiments, experimental halls, and other type modules. R&D ERL SAD 10

11 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 2.a. (Complete) A documented Accelerator Safety Envelope (ASE) must define the set of physical and administrative bounding conditions for safe operations, based on the safety analysis documented in the SAD. ASE Approved by DOE February 3, 2009 Bounding conditions –BNL Safety Envelope Limits –Corresponding Safety Envelope Parameters Prototype ERL Beam Limits Control of Beam Loss Access Controls Fire Protection –Engineered Safety Systems Requiring Calibration, Testing, Maintenance, and Inspection –Operations Envelope / Administrative Controls 11

12 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 3. (Complete) Activities that involve unreviewed safety issues (USI) must not be performed if significant safety consequences could result from either an accident or a malfunction of equipment that is important to safety and for which a safety analysis has not been performed. Activities involving an identified USI must not commence before DOE has provided written approval. C-AD practices used to identify USIs –Design review –Experimental safety review –Accelerator systems safety review Identified USI Process – Procedure for Documenting Unreviewed Safety Issues – a CA USI Form 12

13 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 4. (ARR Open) Accelerator Readiness Reviews (ARRs) must be performed before approval for commissioning and routine operation and as directed by the cognizant DOE field manager. ARR process defined in SBMS Accelerator Safety Subject Area Draft Commissioning Plan for ARR of R&D ERL –Module 1: G5 Test Module –Module 2: Full System Testing

14 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 5.a. (Partially Complete) Training and qualification requirements must be established for each individual at an accelerator facility whose activities could affect safety and health conditions or whose safety and health could be affected by facility activities. Training and qualification must be documented and kept current. C-AD OPM 1.12 Training and Qualification Plan Applies to all C-AD employees, visitors and users Responsibilities, qualification requirements, training requirements and records system defined C-AD Training Manager coordinates program 14

15 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 6.c. (Partially Complete) At a minimum, the contractor must prepare procedures for (1) operation startup,(2) normal operation,(3) emergency conditions,(4) conduct of maintenance, (5) approval and conduct of experiments, (6) review and approval of facility modifications, (7) management of safety-related changes, and (8) control of facility access. New or modified C-AD OPMs under development: –ERL Operational Safety Limits (2) –Configuration Management (5, 6, 7) –Lock-Out Tag-Out (2) –Local Emergency Procedure (3) –Emergency Call-Down Lists (3) –Cryogenic Systems Operation (2) –Injecting, Accelerating, Circulating and Dumping Electron Beam (1, 2) –Laser Operations (1, 2) –Access Control System Operation and Testing Procedures (2) –Shutdown Procedure (2, 3) C-AD OPM 2.28 Work Planning is in use (4) 15

16 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Summary Authorization Status 1.ERL Commissioning Plan needs to be finalized 2.Accelerator Readiness Review needs to be conducted 3.ERL needs DOE authorization to commission g-5 and ring 4.Conduct of Operations Agreement needs to be finalized 5.Procedures and training need to be completed 6.ERL needs DOE authorization to routinely operate Questions? 16

17 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard Informational Slides Remaining contractor requirements identified in DOE Accelerator Safety Order, 420.2B Additional slides showing all additional completed requirements 17

18 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 1.b. (Complete) Provide sufficient descriptive information and analytical results pertaining to specific hazards and risks identified during the safety analysis process to provide an understanding of risks presented by the proposed operations. SAD Risk Assessment to Workers, the Public and the Environment –SAD Radiation Risks –SAD Environmental Risks from Radiation –SAD Fire Risks –SAD Electrical Risks SAD Appendix 6, Qualitative Risk Assessments 18

19 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 1.c. (Complete) Provide appropriate documentation and detailed descriptions of engineered controls (e.g., interlocks and physical barriers) and administrative measures (e.g., training) taken to eliminate, control, or mitigate risks of operation ERL Characteristics Related To Safety SAD 3.5. Design Features That Exclude or Minimize Exposure to Hazards to As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) During Operation, Maintenance and Facility Modification SAD 4.8. Selection of Control Measures that Reduce Risks to Acceptable Levels SAD Table 4.9.a. List of Credited Controls 19

20 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 1.e. (Complete) Include or reference a description of facility function, location, and management organization in addition to details of major facility components and their operation. SAD 3.Site, Facility and Operations Description –3.1. Environment Within Which the ERL is Constructed –3.3. Management Methods Used In Operating the ERL –3.4. Design Criteria and As- Built Characteristics, Supporting Systems and Components with Safety- Related Functions –3.6. BNL, C-AD and R&D ERL Organizational Structure 20

21 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 2.b. (Complete) Any activity violating the ASE must be terminated immediately and the activity must not be restarted before the DOE has been notified. C-AD OPM 2.5 Series of ASE procedures for operators –Separate procedure for each C-AD Accelerator Facility Defines operator responsibilities and notification steps for unpermitted operating conditions –ASE Authorized Alternatives are listed in ASE procedure C-AD OPM 1.1 and BNL SBMS Accelerator Safety Subject Area define restart authorizations and includes DOE approval 21

22 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 1.f. (Complete) Maintain the SAD current and consistent with the administrative control measures and physical configuration of the facility and major safety equipment. C-AD OPM d List of C-AD Records –SADs are defined as Controlled Documents BNL SBMS Document Control Subject Area –5 year review period Identified USI process is used to maintain the SAD current during the interim 22

23 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 5.b. (Complete) Only appropriately trained and qualified personnel, or trainees under the direct supervision of trained and qualified personnel, are permitted to perform tasks that may affect safety and health. Draft Conduct of Operations Agreement for R&D ERL includes C-AD OPM C of O Procedures: –2.2 Operating Practices –2.3 Activities in Control Rooms –2.4 Operator Trainees –2.12 Communications Practices –2.28 Work Planning and Control for Operations 23

24 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 5.b. (Complete) All personnel assigned to or using the accelerator facility (including emergency response personnel) must be trained in the safety and health practices and emergency plans consistent with their involvement and the hazards present. C-AD OPM Occupational Safety and Health Training Summary for C-AD Operations and Maintenance Activities C-AD Access Training Job Training Assessments 24

25 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 6.a. (Complete) Written procedures for conducting activities safely must be maintained; must be clear, current, and consistent with management systems and the configuration of the facility and equipment; and must be approved by the facility contractors senior line management who are actively involved in the day- to-day operation of the facility. C-AD OPM Procedure for Implementing New or Revised Permanent Procedures, or Canceling Permanent Procedures C-AD procedures require Department Chair approval 25

26 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 6.b. (Complete) Procedures must include descriptions of the tasks to be performed; safety and health precautions and controls; and requirements for initial conditions to be verified, operating conditions to be maintained, and data to be recorded, as applicable Format of C-A Policies, Programs and Operating Procedures –Format meets O 420.2B CRD 6.b. requirements 26

27 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 7.a. (Complete) An internal safety review system must be established and maintained to periodically assess and document the condition of the facility, equipment, and engineered safety systems. 27 C-AD safety review programs include: –Inspections of facilities –Outdoor storage area inspections –Inspection of satellite-waste stations –Tank inspections –90-day waste area inspections –Testing of engineered safety systems

28 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 7.b. (Complete) Appropriateness and implementation of procedures, administrative controls, and personnel training and qualifications must be periodically reviewed and documented by the internal safety review system. C-AD safety review programs include: –Critiques of off-normal events –QA assessment of procedure implementation –QA assessment of training and qualifications of staff –Manager work observations –Supervisor work observations –Documenting and tracking corrective actions 28

29 February 17-18, 2010 R&D ERL Edward T. Lessard O 420.2B CRD 8. (Complete) The contractor must approve and implement a written statement of the shielding policy for ionizing and nonionizing radiation. Shielding Policy for the R&D ERL is the approved C-AD Shielding Policy 29


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