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Point de départ In order to talk about events in the past, French uses two principal tenses: the passé composé and the imperfect. In this lesson, you will learn how to form the passé composé, which is used to express actions or states completed in the past. You will learn about the imperfect in Leçon 15. © and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
For most verbs, the passé composé is formed with a present-tense form of avoir (the auxiliary verb) followed by the past participle of the verb expressing the action. © and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The past participle of a regular -er verb is formed by replacing the -er ending of the infinitive with -é. © and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Most regular -er verbs are conjugated in the passé composé as shown below for the verb parler.© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
To make a verb negative in the passé composé, place ne/n’ and pas around the conjugated form of avoir. To ask questions using inversion in the passé composé, invert the subject pronoun and the conjugated form of avoir. Note that this does not apply to other types of question formation. © and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The adverbs hier (yesterday) and avant-hier (the day before yesterday) are used often with the passé composé. Place the adverbs déjà, encore, bien, mal, and beaucoup between the auxiliary verb or pas and the past participle. © and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The past participles of spelling-change -er verbs have no spelling changes.© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The past participle of most -ir verbs is formed by replacing the -ir ending with -i.© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
The passé composé of il faut is il a fallu; that of il y a is il y a eu.© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Essayez! Indiquez les formes du passé composé des verbes.ai commencé, ai payé, ai bavardé 1. j’ ________________________ (commencer, payer, bavarder) 2. tu ________________________ (servir, comprendre, donner) 3. on ________________________ (parler, avoir, dormir) 4. nous ________________________ (adorer, faire, amener) 5. vous ________________________ (prendre, employer, courir) 6. elles ________________________ (espérer, boire, apprendre) © and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Review of Passé Composé
Present tense inversion partitives
Reflexive Verbs in Passé Composé
The Passé Composé of –er verbs.
Le passé composé (the perfect tense).
Le passé composé.
3.1 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passé composé with avoir Il a toujours préféré faire des cadeaux plutôt quen recevoir.
Il est peu probable que Vanessa veuille rester avec Samuel.
Point de départ Although the passé composé and the imparfait are both past tenses, they have very distinct uses and are not interchangeable. The choice.
© and ® 2007 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Point de départ Use the subjunctive with verbs and expressions of will and emotion. Verbs and expressions.
The infinitives of most French verbs end in -er
Le passé composé des verbes reguliers.
The use of Direct and Indirect Objects with Other Tenses Specifically the near future, the imperfect, and the passé composé
Français I – Leçon 2A Structures
Point de départ You have learned how to make affirmative and declarative statements in French. Now you will learn how to form questions and make negative.
Le passé composé (the perfect tense). The perfect tense – Le passé composé In French you use the perfect tense (le passé composé) to say what you have.
Le Passé Composé avec Avoir. Objective You will be able to form the passé composé of regular –er, -re, and –ir verbs that use avoir.
Leçon 15: -Er Verbs. Vocabulary Review What does it mean to conjugate? To change a verb from it’s infinitive form What is another name to call the.
Le passé composé The Perfect Tense
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