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5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.2-1 The pronouns y and en The pronoun y often represents a location. In this case, it usually means there.

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Presentation on theme: "5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.2-1 The pronouns y and en The pronoun y often represents a location. In this case, it usually means there."— Presentation transcript:

1 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en The pronoun y often represents a location. In this case, it usually means there. Nous allons en Côte dIvoire. We go to the Ivory Coast. Mon sac est dans ma chambre. My purse is in my room. Jhabite à Ouagadougou. I live in Ouagadougou. Nous y allons. We go there. Mon sac y est. My purse is there. Jy habite. I live there.

2 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en The pronoun y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects. à in or at chez at the place or home of dans in or inside derrière behind devant in front of en in or at sur on

3 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en Y can stand for non-human objects of the preposition à. Tu penses toujours à lexamen? Are you still thinking about the test? Il a répondu à la question? Did he answer the question? Oui, jy pense toujours. Yes, Im still thinking about it. Oui, il y a répondu. Yes, he answered it.

4 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en ATTENTION! Remember, the indirect object pronouns me, te, lui, nous, vous, and leur stand for human objects of the preposition à. Avez-vous répondu à Danielle? Non, je ne lui ai pas encore répondu.

5 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en You already know that the preposition à can be used in contractions. The pronoun y can represent the contraction and its object. Vous assisterez au cours de maths? Will you attend math class? Tu vas aux États-Unis? Are you going to the U.S.? Oui, nous y assisterons. Yes, we will attend. Oui, jy vais. Yes, Im going there.

6 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en ATTENTION! The prepositions used in English do not necessarily translate literally into French. Notice that sometimes no preposition is used at all in English. Réponds tout de suite à Danielle! Answer Danielle right away!

7 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en The pronoun en stands for the preposition de and its object. Ils nont pas de villes surpeuplées. They dont have overpopulated cities. Ils nen ont pas. They dont have any.

8 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en En can replace a partitive article and its object. Voudriez-vous de la charcuterie? Would you like some cold cuts? Nous en voudrions. We would like some.

9 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en En can replace a noun that follows an expression of quantity. In this case, omit the noun and the preposition de/d, but retain the expression of quantity. Les jeunes ont beaucoup didéaux. Young people have a lot of ideals. Ils en ont beaucoup. They have a lot (of them).

10 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en En can replace a noun that follows a number. In this case, omit the noun, but retain the number. Ils veulent trois tomates? Do they want three tomatoes? Non, ils en veulent cinq. No, they want five (of them).

11 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en ATTENTION! Remember, the indefinite articles un and une are also numbers. Jai un frère. I have one brother. You can use en to represent the object of un or une. In an affirmative sentence, retain the number. Jen ai un. I have one. As with other numbers, in a negative sentence, the number is not retained. Je nen ai pas. I dont have one.

12 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en In a negative sentence, the number is not retained. Nathalie a acheté deux litres de lait? Did Nathalie buy two liters of milk? Non, elle nen a pas du tout acheté. No, she didnt buy any at all.

13 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en En can represent de plus a location. In this case, it usually means from there. Ils reviennent de Lomé. They are returning from Lomé. Ils en reviennent. They are returning from there.

14 5.2 © and ® 2012 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The pronouns y and en En can also stand for a verbal expression with de. In this case, en often means about it, for it, or from it. Avez-vous la force de supporter ce chaos? Are you strong enough to stand this chaos? Tu es capable de manger tout le gâteau? Are you capable of eating the whole cake? Non, je nen ai pas la force. No, I am not strong enough for it. Non, je nen suis pas capable. No, I am not capable of it.


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