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What is a Moth? A presentation for National Moth Week By Deborah Lievens.

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Presentation on theme: "What is a Moth? A presentation for National Moth Week By Deborah Lievens."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What is a Moth? A presentation for National Moth Week By Deborah Lievens

3 What is a Moth? Its an Arthropod - an invertebrate animal with an exoskeleton - a segmented body - jointed appendages

4 MOTHS are Insects (Class Insecta) - 3 body regions, 3 pairs of legs on the thorax, 2 pairs of wings and 1 pair of antennae

5 MOTHs are in order Lepidoptera having: - 4 membranous wings covered with scales made of chitin

6 - a long coiled proboscis for sucking liquid food

7 - a caterpillar-like larval form and - it undergoes complete metamorphosis: egg, larva, pupa (chrysalis in butterflies), adult

8 An important difference between moths and butterflies is in the antennae Harriss Checkerspot Painted Lichen Moth clubbed not clubbed

9 Kinds of Moth Antennae Bipectinate Filiform Pectinate

10 So maybe moths are night flying butterflies and butterflies are day flying moths. The French and Spanish have only one word: Papillion and Mariposa Hodges system gives numbers to all moths in North America north of Mexico and butterflies are in the middle between microlepidoptera and macrolepidoptera.

11 Microlepidoptera: tend to be small, concealed feeders: leaf miners, borers, leaf rollers, or creators of plant galls very host specific usually fly at night primitive (as in early in the development of Lepidoptera) or primitive macros Wings held flat or tented Antennae filiform

12 Butterflies : Usually day flyers Hold wings closed over bodies, mostly Antennae clubbed

13 Macrolepidoptera Usually night flyers Wings held flat or tented (exceptions) Antennae filiform or pectinate External feeders Feeding habits are general

14 Moths come in ALL sizes Rothschildia Silkmoth probably cm Ecuador Chinkapin Leaf-miner Moth 5 mm Swammerdamia 7 mm Scientists estimate there are 150,000 to more than 500,000 moth species Unknown Micro 3 mm

15 Various Microlepidoptera

16 Tortricid Moths - Tortricidae Black-patched Clepsis Moth Three-streaked Sparganothis Moth The Dude

17 Slug Moths - Limacodidae Jewel Tailed Slug Moth Yellow-shouldered Slug Moth Spiny Oak Slug Moth and caterpillar

18 Pyralid Moths - Pyralidae Drab Condylolomia Moth Orange Tufted Oneida Moth The Bee Moth

19 Plume Moths - Pterophoridae Artichoke Plume Moth Grape Plume Moth Morning Glory Plume Moth

20 Various Macrolepidoptera

21 Geometers - Geometridae Pale beauty Maple spanworm moth White –fringed Emerald Large Lace Borer Moth White-ribboned Carpet Moth Pale Metanema

22 Sphinx Moths - Sphingidae Northern pine sphinx Blinded sphinx Small- eyed sphinx Nessus sphinx

23 Prominent Moths - Notodontidae White dotted prominent Chocolate prominent Black-rimmed prominent

24 Lichen Moths - Arctiidae Painted lichen moth Isabella Moth Virgin tiger moth Banded tussock moth

25 Bird Dropping Moths – various sub families Pink- barred Pseudostrotia Owl-Eyed Bird Dropping Moth Black-dotted Glyph Tufted Bird Dropping Moth Green Leuconycta

26 Concepts: Camoflage

27 Moths of Ecuador

28 The End

29 Facebook: National Moth Week National Moth Week Caterpillars


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