Presentation on theme: "Tens of thousands of people are injured, and hundreds killed in North America every year while using ladders. Almost all incidents can be traced to the."— Presentation transcript:
Tens of thousands of people are injured, and hundreds killed in North America every year while using ladders. Almost all incidents can be traced to the incorrect application or misuse of a ladder. Our objective today is to reduce YOUR risk of a future ladder incident through education and adoption of a 3-Step Ladder Safety Program, incorporating ladder…
In what environment will the ladder be used? -Working on, or in the vicinity of, live electrical circuits? -In a corrosive atmosphere? -On uneven, severely sloped, or otherwise poor footing? Select non-conductive Fibreglass ladders instead -DO NOT use Aluminum… -On, or around, electrical circuits -In highly corrosive environments. Consider ladders fitted with… -Adjustable leg-levelers when using extension ladders on uneven, highly-sloped surfaces -Combination ladders for use in stairwells
- What is the maximum load the ladder must support? (Weight of person + clothes + tools + materials) - What size of ladder is required to perform the task? - What kind of ladder? …Step, straight, extension, or combination ladder ?
MAX. LOAD CAPACITY RATED USECSAANSI 375 lbs SPECIAL HEAVY DUTY, designed for heavier loads and the most demanding industrial and construction applications GRADE 1AA TYPE 1AA 300 lbs EXTRA HEAVY DUTY, designed for frequent use in maintenance, construction and industrial applications GRADE 1ATYPE 1A 250 lbs HEAVY DUTY INDUSTRIAL, designed for use by contractors, maintenance, construction and industrial applications GRADE 1TYPE 1 225 lbs MEDIUM DUTY COMMERCIAL, designed for moderate use by homeowners, painters, handyman GRADE 2TYPE II 200 lbs LIGHT DUTY HOUSEHOLD, designed for household chores, cleaning, painting GRADE 3TYPE III
Step ladders are designed to be free standing, are available in a variety of sizes ranging from 2 to 16. -Used for most typical one-person job applications -A range of lengths from 2 to 16 -Available in aluminum and fibreglass
Trestle or Two-Way step ladders can be climbed from either side, or support two people on opposite sides. -For use when two persons must access the same work concurrently -One person per side at a time -A range of lengths from 3 – 16 -Available in Fibreglass and Aluminum
-For repeated/sustained work at same level -Provides maximum user comfort and stability -One person at a time -A range of sizes 4 – 16 -Available in fibreglass and aluminum
Straight and Extension ladders require both the top and bottom of the ladder to be supported. -Available in a variety of sizes ranging from 8 to 60. -Available in aluminum and fibreglass.
-A combination of step, straight and extension ladders -Available in 3 types : Articulating, Articulating & Telescoping, and 3-Way
-One or more pairs of lockable articulating hinges allow setup in several positions, including : -Stepladder -Straight -Scaffold -Available in 12 – 16
-All features of articulating ladders plus independent length adjustment of each side -BEST CHOICE for frequent stairwell work -Available in 12-23 lengths
-Excellent utility including stairwells - A range of lengths from 6 – 13 -Available in both aluminum and fibreglass
Aluminum -Extruded shapes to meet specific load requirements. -Moisture resistant -Comparatively light weight. -Conducts heat and electricity and should not be used in areas where the above or highly corrosive conditions exist. Fiberglass -Pultruded shapes of continuous glass fibres and matts encapsulated in plastic resin. -Used with aluminum steps/rungs to satisfy specific load and strength requirements. -A non-conductor of heat and electricity. -Resists corrosion. -Moisture resistant. Steel - Designed to meet specific load requirements -Easily assembled by welding. -Susceptible to rust and corrosion. -Conducts heat and electricity and should not be used in areas where the above or highly corrosive conditions exist
ALWAYS INSPECT YOUR LADDER PRIOR TO USE Metal ladders conduct electricity. Keep away from electrical circuits. Do not use in high winds or during a storm. Do not use in poor health, if taking drugs or alcoholic beverages, or if physically handicapped. Keep bottom of shoes clean. Leather soles should not be worn. Never leave ladder set up and unattended. Pay close attention to what you are doing. Do not overload. Read all labels and follow all instructions.
-Never use a step ladder over 16 feet. Proper scaffolding is the correct product. Ladders are not intended to be used as or on scaffolds. -Never use a step ladder as a straight ladder leaning against a wall. -Avoid pushing or pulling off to the side of ladder. Do not "walk" or jump" ladder while on it. -Do not straddle front and back. Do not climb from one ladder onto another. -Do not climb, stand, or sit on spreader braces, ladder top, or pail shelf -Keep body centered between side rails. Do not overreach. Get down and move ladder as needed. -Set all feet on firm, level surface. Do not place on unstable, loose, or slippery surfaces.
-Remove oil, grease, mud or any other foreign substance from hands and shoe soles before climbing. -Never use a ladder on surfaces covered with oil, grease or ice. -Make sure the ladder is placed on an even, hard surface. -Use rubber safety feet on concrete or paved surfaces. Use spiked feet on grass or loose surfaces. -Make sure rung locks are engaged before climbing. There should be only one person on the ladder at a time. Maintain 3 points of contact with the ladder at all times
Once the correct ladder for your task has been selected, the ladder should be carefully inspected before each use. Many accidents are caused by the use of unsafe or damaged ladders and can lead to severe injury or death. NEVER USE A DAMAGED LADDER.
1. CRACK A see through separation of fiberglass lamination visible from both sides. The ladder should be removed from service until the rail can be replaced or the ladder disposed of. 2. GOUGE / HOLE A puncture that is visible from both sides. The ladder should be removed from service until the rail can be replaced or the ladder disposed of. 3. RESIN SURFACE CRACK If a surface crack does not penetrate the laminate layer, apply a coating of polyurethane clear-coat or equal. Inspect regularly to ensure it has not expanded. If moisture has penetrated the rail, then the ladder should be replaced.
Only a certain number of items that can be repaired in the field. If in doubt check with a Featherlite authorized dealer or a Featherlite representative. The following is a list of the most common parts that can be replaced by a qualified maintenance individual: EXTENSION LADDERS PROTECTIVE END CAPS ROPE ASSEMBLY RUNG LOCKS SLIDE GUIDES COG WHEELS SAFETY FEET RIVETED RUNGS STEP LADDERS SAFETY SHOES ROPE ASSEMBLY SPREADER ARMS HEAD-TRAY PAIL-TRAY
GENERAL ITEMSDAMAGED /MISSING WORNOKN/ANOTES RAILS RUNGS / STEPS FASTENERS FEET STEP LADDERS TOP CAP SPREADER ARMS HORIZONTAL BRACES DIAGONAL BRACES OTHER: EXTENSIONS LADDERS END CAPS ROPE AND PULLEY RUNG LOCKS SLIDE GUIDES OTHER: LADDER INSPECTION FORM INSPECTOR_____________ DATE___________ IDENTIFICATION #____________TYPE OF LADDER_________________ STORAGE LOCATION___________SIZE OF LADDER_________________ DATE RECEIVED____________TYPE OF MATERIAL________________ MODEL #_______________ DISPOSITION: REMOVE FROM SERVICE AND DESTROY REMOVE FROM SERVICE AND REPAIR [REPAIR DUE DATE _________________ ] OK TO RETURN TO SERVICE Regular maintenance and inspection of your ladders will keep them working safely. The following is a sample of a Featherlite Ladder audit.
Inspect every ladder in the fleet, regardless of the manufacturer. Using the information gathered the ladders will be categorized into 4 main categories ; -DISCARD.... Ladders which are below the duty rating agreed on with the customer; and, ladders which are beyond repair. -TAG FOR REPAIR.... Using approved ladder replacement parts -APPROVE..... Ladders that are OK as is ( regardless of manufacturer) -REPLACE... All discarded ladders with new ladders within the agreed customer parameters.
Ladder #Review or DQ Mill Region/DeptManufacturerStyleType 1 250 lb Type 1A 300 lb Type 1AA 375 lb ** MaterialLength (ft) Comments S 101*Steel YardAllrightStep Wd12Back brace broken, wet, label S 102DQSteel YardFeatherliteStep 1AAl8 4408 Mfg 12 97 Btm L. Rail bent,Step profile at risk S 103*Steel YardFeatherliteStep 1AAl10 4410 Mfg 10 98, Pail Tray removed, Labels S 104 Steel YardFeatherliteStep 1AFG106410 Mfg 08 06 S 105 Steel YardAllrightStep Wd6Wet S 106 Steel YardFeatherliteStep 1AFG66906 Mfg 10 08 S 107*Steel YardFeatherliteStep 1AAl6 4406, Left Rail bent, Step bent, Pail tray removed S 108DQSteel YardReynolds Extension Al403984 14 Bent rungs, Label S 109DQSteel YardReynolds Extension Al36 Weld holes in rung, rung missing, No rope S 110*Steel YardFeatherlite Extension 1AAl24 4224 Rope missing, some rung dents S 111 Steel YardAllrightStep Wd7Pail tray missing, wet
Ladder #Review or DQ Mill Region/DeptManufacturerStyleType 1 250 lb Type 1A 300 lb Type 1AA 375 lb ** MaterialLength (ft) Comments S 111 Steel YardAllrightStep Wd7Pail tray missing, wet S 112 Steel YardFeatherliteStep 1AAFG86808-AA New 07 11 S 113 Steel YardFeatherlite Extension 1AAl203220D New 03 11 S 114 Steel YardFeatherlite Extension 1AAl163216D New 03 11 S 115 Steel YardFeatherlite Extension 1AAl203220D New 11 11 S 116 Steel YardFeatherlite Extension 1AAl283228D New 08 11 S 117 Steel YardFeatherlite Extension 1AAl283228D 10 11 S 118 ShopFeatherliteStep 1AFG46904 New 11 11 S 119 ShopFeatherliteStep 1AAFG66806-AA New 12 11 S 120 ShopFeatherliteStep 1AAFG86808-AA New 02 11 S 121 Tool CribFeatherliteStep 1AAl33403 08 08
StyleMaterialQtyReview or DQ StepsWood31 Aluminum43 Fibreglass6 ExtensionAluminum83 Total217
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