Presentation on theme: "Ladder Safety and Preventing Falls Bob Emmerich Safe-Con, LLC 5714 Merlin St. Madison, WI 53711"— Presentation transcript:
Ladder Safety and Preventing Falls Bob Emmerich Safe-Con, LLC 5714 Merlin St. Madison, WI
Ladder Types Type I-A ladders are heavy-duty and can handle up to 300 lbs. Type I ladders can hold up to 250 lbs. Type II ladders can hold 225 lbs. Type III ladders are for light duty only and can hold up to 200 lbs.
What Happened A fiberglass A-frame ladder split halfway up the ridge of the leg rail, causing a worker on the ladder to fall to the rig floor. The employee injured his wrist. An Accident
What Caused It An investigation showed the ladder appeared to be in good shape and not misused. It appeared to be a lighter shade than the other ladders on location, suggesting that it had been left out in the sun. When the ladder was standing alone, without weight on it, the split was extremely hard to see.
Ladder Inspection Rungs must be intact and free from grease or oil. Make sure there are no splinters or sharp edges. See that metal ladders are not dented or bent.
Ladder Inspection Safety feet should be in place. All support braces and bolts must be present and secure. On extension ladders, make sure rope is not torn or frayed.
Ladder Inspection On stepladders, make sure the hinge spreader is working properly.
Tag Defective Ladders These ladders are properly tagged Do Not Use
Know the rules!
Ladder Donts Do not use ladders that have been exposed to fire or corrosive chemicals. Do not use a ladder for unintended purposes, such as in place of scaffolding. Never allow more than one person on a ladder at a time.
Read The Warning Labels They are there for a reason!
Use of Step Ladders
Always set level. Be sure latches are down.
Proper Ladder Climbing Use both hands to climb a ladder. Always face the ladder when climbing, descending or working. Avoid the top two steps of a stepladder and the top four rungs on other ladders.
Dont Lean a Step Ladder The support leg (arrow) can contact the ground causing the step leg to kick out. Also employees should not work from the top or second step.
Dont Lean! Avoid excessive stretching or leaning. Workers should never work with one leg on a ladder and one off. A slip could result in serious fall. NO!
Do Not Stand On The Top Step!!! Obey The Labels!!
Safe Step Ladder Use Always face the ladder Stay off top two steps.
Unsafe Step Ladder Use Do not straddle the top unless the ladder is designed for it. NO!
Working Above Protections When employees work above railings, they must be protected from falling over the railings.
Working on Upper Levels
Safe Step Ladder Use When working to the side, maintain balance.
Self Supporting Ladder
Use of Extension Ladders
Set Feet Properly Firm Base Set both feet level and on the pads Soft Base Set on the spikes and seat the ladder in the ground.
Not a Firm Foundation
Proper Ladder Set Make sure the ladder's feet are parallel to the surface it rests against. Dont set ladders where they may be hit or dislodged.
Set The Proper Angle The distance from the bottom of the ladder to the wall should be one-fourth of the ladder's working height. An extended arm will be close. 4 1
Check The Locks Always check to be sure the extension locks are properly seated.
This Is A Poor Set Up The top could fall out with any slip at the base. The angle is too steep.
Working From a Ladder Always face the ladder. Keep one hand on the ladder for hold. Do not work on top four steps. Work within easy reach.
Ladder Access Many workers fall from ladders while accessing to another work area.
Ladder Access These are a very poor and hazardous set ups! NO!
Extend Above Platform Access ladders must extend at least 3 feet above the landing platform. 3 feet
Proper Access Ladders Ladders should be set at 1 horizontal to 4 vertical. Ladders must be secured. Ladder access ways must be guarded. 4 1
Securing Ladders This ladder is tied with a rope to a horizontal girt. There is nothing to keep the rope from sliding on the girt allowing the ladder to move laterally.
Ladders Near Electrical Use non-conductive ladders. Dont carry or move extension ladders while extended. Get help moving ladders to maintain control.
Slips, Trips & Falls The #1 cause of office employee injuries! –265,000 nonfatal injuries from slips, trips, and falls annually result in one or more days away from work per incident –Slips, trips, and falls result in 17% of all nonfatal workplace injuries per year, the highest injury rate of any regulated activity
Fall Hazards Storage or placement of objects in aisles, below knee level, or on other office-type floor surfaces. Cords, ropes, hoses across floors and walkways Overflowing, heavy wastebaskets. Dust accumulations. Open drawers and doors Wet floors
Aisles and Passageways –Keep clear for material handling equipment –Mark permanent aisles –Heavy-traffic passage- ways must be equipped with pedestrian walkways
Slips & Trips It is also possible to injure your back slipping on a wet floor, ice, muddy ground, etc. Poor housekeeping is a common cause.
Basic Safety STEPS Awareness. Keep aisles clear. Walk like a duck on slippery surfaces. Use the handrail on stairs. Hold onto chair seats/arms when attempting to sit. Sensible shoes. Wipe up spills. Walk, dont run.
Use Stairs Safety –Use handrails –Walkdont run –Inspect for slippery surfaces or damaged steps –Do not put objects on steps –Do not carry bulky objects on stairs
Keep Walking and Working Surfaces Clear and Clean –Keep workroom floors clean and dry –Maintain a clean and orderly work area
Eliminate Trip Hazards –Pick up tools, materials, and trash –Pick up or walk around obstructions –Report dangerous walking and working surfaces –Keep file drawers closed –Keep power cords out of walkways
Eliminate Slip Hazards –Clean up liquids –Sweep up debris and dust –Stop and repair leaks –Install absorbent around wet processes –Use warning signs or cones
Wear Slip-Resistant Shoes –Street shoes not intended for slip resistance –Soft rubber sole for slip resistance –Sole tread with channels –Still need to walk carefully
Be Alert, Use Common Sense –Be aware of the hazards –Pay attention to where you are going –Adjust your stride according to the walking surface –Make wide turns at corners –Dont block your vision when carrying items