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1 Slips, Trips and Falls – Ladder Safety. OSHA Region V Emphasis Program  Fall Hazards in Construction and General Industry  Effective April 1, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Slips, Trips and Falls – Ladder Safety. OSHA Region V Emphasis Program  Fall Hazards in Construction and General Industry  Effective April 1, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Slips, Trips and Falls – Ladder Safety

2 OSHA Region V Emphasis Program  Fall Hazards in Construction and General Industry  Effective April 1, 2013  Focus on the safe use of portable and fixed ladders  Evaluate number of fall-related injuries 2

3 3 Slip, Trip, and Fall Prevention  Hazards and Exposure  The ‘Law of Opportunity’ 3

4 4 Objectives 1. Identify the importance of preventing slip, trip and fall hazards 2. Evaluate the best and safest way to complete the job 3. Identify safe work practices to avoid slips, trips and falls

5 55 ‘It’s not the fall that’s hurts but the sudden stop at the end’ The free fall velocity at impact when falling 12 feet is nearly 20 mph A person will hit the ground in just under one second after falling this distance A Fall Occurs…

6 6 Stay Clear of Falling Objects  Avoid working under or near hazards or process  Do not allow others below your work area  If you are not directly involved, stay clear

7 7 The Enemies 7  Rushing  Distraction  ‘Multi-tasking’  Precipitation or spills  At-risk behaviors

8 8 Housekeeping? 8

9 9 Winter and Wet Weather  Salt and sand  Use ice gripper slip-ons ‘yak tracks’   Walk like a penguin or shuffle on ice  Keep your knees and elbows ‘soft’  Be aware of glare ice conditions 9

10 10 General Floor Surfaces: #1  Use of floor surface degreasers, i.e. ‘Y-slip’   Keep rugs and mats flat and secured at the corners  Objects on the floor (i.e. paperclips)  Loose carpeting 10

11 11 Focus 11  Concentrate on what you’re doing, to avoid ‘distracted walking’  Identify pedestrian walkways  ‘Three points of balance’, keeping one hand free when possible when walking, for support

12 12 What to Do in a Fall 12  Avoid initially helping someone up by offering your hand – they may have experienced a head, neck or back injury.  How to get up on your own after a fall, first ‘taking stock’

13 13 Carrying Items 13  Use carts or other means for when carrying items  Be aware of steps and stairs – especially non-commercial or ‘home made’  Throwing off your internal tape measure

14 14 Line of Sight 14  Keep adequate lines of sight in terms of seeing over what you might be carrying, and also, around corners or vehicles

15 15 Lighting 15  Provide adequate illumination and lighting  Keep and use flashlights – don’t let your toes lead the way in the dark!

16 16 Ladder Safety

17 17 Pick the Right Ladder Before stepping onto a ladder, think about these things:  Duty rating of the ladder—what capacity can it hold?  Height of the ladder—too short or too tall?  Condition of the ladder and instructions unique to the ladder selected.

18 18 Use at angle where the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder is ¼ the working length of the ladder (length along ladder between the foot and top support). Ladder Angle Portable Rung and Cleat Ladders

19 19

20 20 Avoid Placing Ladders Near Electrical Lines

21 21 Choose and Position the Correct Ladder – or Find Another Way to Access the Work Area

22 22 Damaged or Defective Ladders Missing rung Inspect ladders for visible defects, like broken or missing rungs If a defective ladder is found, immediately mark it defective or tag it "Do Not Use” Withdraw defective ladders from service until repaired

23 23 Climbing the Ladder The ‘Belly Button Rule’ Face the ladder when going up or down Use at least one hand to grab the ladder when going up or down – Maintain 3 points of contact at all times! Do not carry any object or load that could cause you to lose balance

24 24 Proper Condition and Instructions  Inspect the ladder for visible defects  Never use a ladder that is broken or otherwise damaged  Remove damaged ladders from service and tag them as damaged  Review the safety labels on the ladder  Always comply with the warnings and instructions

25 25 Determine Proper Ladder Set-up  Consider placement and pitch  Secure and stabilize the ladder

26 26 Placement Tips  Avoid setting up a ladder in high traffic or barricaded areas  Do not use metal or aluminum ladders near electrical lines

27 27 Secure and Stabilize Ladders Slippery Surfaces Never use a ladder on a slippery surface, unless it is secured to prevent movement.  Wet or slippery surfaces may require a cleat.  Ladder feet should dig into the ground, and the ladder should be secured at the bottom to prevent movement/slipping.

28 28 Firm Base

29 29 Secure and Stabilize Ladders Uneven Surface When the surface is not level, use a ladder leveler (accessory) to provide even contact points

30 30 Maintain a Safe Position on Ladders  Do not overreach when working from the ladder  Do not stand on the top two rungs of a stepladder  Do not allow another person on a ladder at any given time, unless you are using a double-cleated ladder that is intended for two-way traffic

31 31 Now It’s Your Turn – Identify the Hazards

32 32 Thank You!


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