2 Fancy Pharaoh’s sandal AntiquityEgyptian SandalsAncient EgyptSandals were made from papyrus or leatherAncient GreeceGreeks were excellent shoemakersEach occupation had a particular shoeShoes were only worn outdoorsAncient RomeShoes were developed to be sturdyand durable for soldiersColor denoted class:emperors – red, senators – b&w Fancy Pharaoh’s sandalGreek Sandal
3The Middle Ages Men wore poulaines with exaggerated pointed toes Pattens were shoes made from wood that were worn over top of existing shoes – kept feet raised out of the mud
41500sMen wore escaffignins – rounded toe shoe, sort of like early Toms.Women wore chopines – similar to the pattens of the middle agesRaised platformGot taller and taller – up to 30 inches!
51600sMen wore heeled shoes with red soles – Louis XVI liked these and made them popular.Women started paying more attention to footwear. More shapes and styles emerged.
61700s Men wore black heeled shoes with a prominent buckle. Women wore ornate, over-the-top gowns, so they needed shoes to match.Most were high heelsMade from silk or painted leatherOften had large interchangeable buckles
71800sWomen wore flowing, comfortable dresses, so they had shoes to match – slippers.No heelSoft materialsBoots were used for the outdoors.Men’s shoes remained black and conservative and stayed this way for the next century.Lace up shoes became popular at this time.
8Early 1900s First sneakers made by Keds in 1917 1920s – women’s shoes became lighter – had straps so they’d stay on while dancingMen wore patent leather pumps with splats for formal occasions
9Mid 1900s1930s – sandals reemerge due to popularity of outdoor activities. Boots disappeared except for laborers.1940s – leather rationed due to WWII, so other animal hides were used.1950s - stilettos – pumps with slim heels were introducedMen continued to wear conservative shoes like converse sneakers and oxfords.
10Late 1900s1960s – Men’s shoes get crazy to match the clothing of the time. Lots of suede and color options.1970s – Lots of experimentation with shoes. Disco influenced shoe styles1980s – women’s presence in the professional workforce strengthened – needed serious, professional shoes.Men’s fashions returned to conservative colors and styles
11Your ProjectDesign a Cardboard Shoe that can be made in another country to support an informal economy.Your shoe must include a schematic as well as a prototype.Your shoe should be stylish, would you want to wear it?Develop and angle or pitch, why is your shoe better than the rest?
12Your Project Things to consider: The shoe design must be clear and easy to understand by someone who does not read or speak EnglishThe shoe prototype will be made out of cardboard, what are the properties of cardboard?BEGIN THE DISCOVERY STAGE!