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OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 1 IP Core Integration Using OCP: A PCI Express Example March 2010 CAST, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 1 IP Core Integration Using OCP: A PCI Express Example March 2010 CAST, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 1 IP Core Integration Using OCP: A PCI Express Example March 2010 CAST, Inc.

2 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 2 Need for Easier System Integration Background: CAST has been delivering IP cores for 16 years Hundreds of diverse customers and applications Challenge: Integrating core into system rarely straightforward Plug and play impossible with even simple propriety IFs Solution: Make standard system bus interface an option where suitable OCP available for many of our 100 products …

3 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 3 CASTs Broad Line of IP Products See more at M ULTIMEDIA H.264 1080p encoder Deinterlacer JPEG 2000 with BIIF JPEG, Extended, Speedview, Lossless, JPEG-LS Support Functions: Deinterlacer, Color Space Converters, etc. Audio Interfaces I2S, SPDIF P ERIPHERALS Smart Card Reader TV Display High-Res Display DMA S & T IMERS 8237 & 82380 DMAs 8254 timer/counter E NCRYPTION AES DES, Triple DES MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256 S ERIAL C OMM. IR Controllers: RC5, NEC Synchronous UARTS SDLC, HDLC I NTERFACES PCI & PCI Express Ethernet MACs USB 1.1, 2.0, 3.0 device, OTG & hub CAN, LIN, I2C, SPI, ECP M EMORY & S TORAGE Memory Controllers DDR1 & DDR2 SDRAM NAND flash, Serial flash SDR mobile SDRAM SD/SDIO/MMC cards Storage Controllers ATA/IDE interface P ROCESSORS 8-bit 8051 family: fast & configurable, small & low-power, entry-level; debug 8-bit: Z80 16 bit: 68000, 80186XL, 387 math coprocessor 32-bit: 68000 for AHB DSP: 32025, 32025TX S YSTEM IP Subsystems: 8051, MAC, PCI Platforms: ARM, eASIC, Tensilica AMBA Library

4 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 4 Example: OCP IF for PCIe Endpoint Controller Core PCIe core integration challenges Understanding of spec Transaction Layer Packet Details Possible approaches Through examples Through a proprietary interface Through an Application Interface (AIF) and standard bus Decision: Implement an AIF for OCP Hiding PCIe and OCP details Delivering a complete solution CAST PCI Express IP

5 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 5 PCIe Design Layers PCIe is a high-speed serial bus Layered architecture Application Data transferred via packets PCIe IP cores usually implement the lower three layers PCIe IP cores solve most of the protocol handling connection establishing link control flow control power management error detection and reporting

6 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 6 PCIe Core Design Endpoint Controller core handles internal PCIe details But typical core stops at the Transaction Layer Packet (TLP) interface Designer still required to understand PCIe details for TLP correct packet decoding correct packet forming Can impact many elements in application system

7 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 7 Incoming Requests Incoming requests perform local subsystem read or write Some incoming requests require sending completion TLP Completion TLP rules Must form completion packets with respect to Max_Payload and Read Completion Boundary Must correctly encode fields in completion TLP Completion address in packet differs (I/O x Memory) Application must correctly report a request processing problem to the core

8 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 8 Outgoing Requests Outgoing Requests are generated by the application There is a set of rules for forming outgoing request TLP Must be identified by unique Tag Read requests restricted by Max_Read_Request_Size Write requests restricted by Max_Payload Must not cross 4kB address boundary Violations will result in request being discarded and error detected at receiver Completion request processing Completions for multiple outstanding requests must be processed by Tag Must have correct values in lower addresses to process multiple TLPs Must process both Unsupported Request and Completer Abort responses

9 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 9 User Application Architecture

10 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 10 Possible Approaches PCIe IP core providers are aware of the design challenges Guiding by Design Examples Application interface module with a proprietary backend interface Application interface with a standard SoC bus interface

11 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 11 Guiding by Examples Requirements Deliverables should follow QIP Metric for quality & completeness, with extensive design examples illustrating TLP Designer duties Understand PCIe specification Implement interface and functional logic for incoming request processing Implement a module for outgoing request generation and processing Handle verification including PCIe compliance testing This approach Can result in highly optimized small design Requires more time for design and verification

12 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 12 Proprietary Application Interface Features Custom completion controller for processing incoming requests DMA channels to generate and process outgoing requests Proprietary backend interface Verification of PCIe protocol guaranteed by IP provider Designer Duties Designer must learn new backend interface Adopt application subsystems to interface with the proprietary interface This approach Isolates designer from PCIe complexities Subsystems not reusable in any other design unless modified

13 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 13 Application Interface with SoC Bus Similar to previous approach, but with industry-standard bus backend Using SoC bus interface offers significant advantages: Already familiar to designer Simple system architecture Simple reuse of a previously designed components SoC bus verification models available The bridge fully verified by IP core provider

14 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 14 OCP Bus Well-defined SoC bus Point-to-Point connections with unique On-Chip Bus architecture Flexible extensions to the basic signal set SystemC models available for free

15 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 15 Implementing the AIF for OCP AIF bridges TLP interface and OCP bus Completion Controller with queued request processing DMA core with up to eight channels OCP-PCIe Bridge Controller Optional Message Controller

16 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 16 Verification & Reference Design Rigorously verified with Averys PCI-Xactor PureSpec PCIe models PureSuite compliance testsuite Implemented in reference design (Wishbone & AHB versions) Controller core passed PCI-SIG certification testing

17 OCP IF for CAST PCIe Core slide 17 Conclusions Integration challenges: designer must understand PCIe to deal with TLP interface Of possible approaches, Application Interface (AIF) to standard bus is best AIF with OCP offers several advantages CAST makes OCP interface available for many of its 100 products. Learn more:

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