2Recipes for SuccessRecipes are road maps to successful food preparation.They provide you with all the information you will need to make a food product.
3Using Recipes Before using a recipe, read it carefully. Make sure you have all the ingredients on hand and that you understand the directions.If you make changes in a recipe, the end product might be unpleasantYield- the amount of food a recipe makes.
4Using Convenience Foods You may choose to save time by preparing mixes and other convenience foods rather than following a recipe.Be sure you read the package directions carefully.Sometimes you can combine fresh foods and convenience foods to make a complete meal.
5Measuring TechniquesDo you know the difference in a teaspoon and a tablespoon?How about the right way to measure flour?If you don’t know how to measure ingredients accurately your recipes will not turn out correctly.
6Units of MeasureThere are two different units of measure that we use to identify ingredients in recipes.Customary System: is the standard system of measurement used in the United States. Ex: teaspoon, cup, fluid ounce and gallon.
7Units of MeasureMetric System: system of measurement used in most of the world and by health professionals and scientists. Ex: milliliter, liter and gram.Volume: the amount space taken up by an ingredient and also units for measuring weight.
8Units of MeasureEquivalent measurement: the same amount expressed using different unit of measure.
9Equipment for Measuring A liquid measuring cup made of clear glass or plastic with markings on the side. It has a spout so you can pour without spilling.A set of dry measuring cups in different sizes. They are used for dry or solid ingredients. 1 cup, ½ cup, 1/3 cup and ¼ cup.
10Equipment for Measuring A set of measuring spoons. These are used for small amounts of any ingredients. 1 Tablespoon, 1 teaspoon, ½ teaspoon & ¼ teaspoon.
11Methods of MeasuringDry Ingredients: Ex: flour, sugar, baking powder and spices.Steps to measure dry ingredients:Select measuring cup or spoonHold over bowl or wax paper to catch spillsFill the cup or spoon slightly higher than the brimLevel off with a level or knife.
12Methods of MeasuringFlour: Always spoon flour gently into the measuring cup, don’t scoop it in. This will give you more than you need.Brown Sugar. Spoon the sugar into the measuring cup and press down firmly. Continue to add and continue packing until full.
13Methods of MeasuringSolid Fat: Ex: Butter, margarine, shortening and peanut butter.Steps to measure solid ingredients:Spoon into dry measuring cup packing it firmlyLevel off the top with a levelScrape it out with a rubber scraper.Some solid fats are sold in sticks with measurement markings on the paper.
14Methods of Measuring Liquid Ingredients: for small amounts of liquids. Steps to measure liquid ingredients:Select the correct size of measuring spoon or liquid measuring cup.Hold it away from the bowl of ingredients so if spilled it will not fall into your ingredients.Fill into the liquid measuring cup or spoon to the brim.
15Methods of Measuring Measurement by weight: uses a kitchen scale. Steps to measure liquid ingredients:Place an empty container on the scaleAdjust the scale to read zeroAdd the ingredient until the scale shows the correct amount.
21Cooking with FatSautéingPan-fryingDeep-fat fryingStir-frying
22Microwave CookingMicrowave ovens perform many cooking tasks faster than a conventional oven.Microwave ovens are best suited for cooking small amounts of food.Microwave ovens are also ideal for reheating cooked foods and defrosting frozen foods.
23Microwave CookwareCeramic, glass, plastic and paper are the appropriate containers for microwave cooking.These containers are heat resistant so they won’t crack or melt when the food becomes hot.Arcing: sparks that can damage the microwave and start a fire.
24Microwave Techniques Stirring Rotating Covering Puncturing Defrosting Standing Time: the time allowed for food to continue to cook after the microwave has turned off.
25Microwave Safety DO NOT USE METAL!!! Use pot holders when removing food.Remove the cover of foods away from you.Don’t use an extension cord, it should be grounded with a three prong plug.Keep the microwave clean, splattered food will increase the cooking time.
26Meal PreparationWhen you’re preparing a whole meal you must figure out what needs to be done in what sequence.With careful planning and efficient techniques, you can put together a meal that everyone will enjoy.
27Making a Schedule Dovetail : overlap tasks in order to save time. Group similar tasks.Prepare some items ahead of time.
28Working EfficientlyClear the kitchen counters to give you room to work.Assemble all the ingredients, utensils, and appliances you will need before you start.Check off each task in your schedule as you complete it.Clean up as you work.