Recipes and Measuring.

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Recipes and Measuring

Choosing a Recipe Recipe- set of directions used in cooking
List the amounts of ingredients needed and tell you what to do with ingredients Questions to ask: Does the recipe sound good?- Consider likes and dislikes of others How long will the recipe take to prepare? Do I have enough time? Do I understand all the steps? Do I have the needed skills? Do I have all the necessary equipment? Will I be able to find all the ingredients? Choosing a Recipe

Identify the measuring utensils that will be needed to make an accurate measurement
Identify alternative ways of measuring Math Activity

Abbreviations and Equivalents
Copy chart on pg. 474 in text book Abbreviation- short form of a word Recipes often use abbreviations of terms to save space Some use customary measurements ( cups and tablespoons) Some use metric measurement (milliliters) Use the measuring equipment that is appropriate for the recipe It is important to know basic equivalents- amounts that are equal to each other Example: 12 inches= 1 foot Handy when doubling or cutting a recipe in half Abbreviations and Equivalents

Measuring Dry Ingredients
Dry ingredients: flour, sugar, salt, and baking powder To measure ¼ c or more use a dry measuring cup Spoon ingredients into cup Heap it a little over top Then level with a straight edge spatula For smaller amounts, use a measuring spoon If recipe calls for sifted flour, sift first, then measure usual way; don’t tap the cup (tapping packs it down and will give you too much) Measuring Dry Ingredients

Measuring Liquid Ingredients and Fats
Liquid ingredients: water, milk, oil Measured in clear, liquid measuring cups Place the cup on a flat surface and read the measurement at eye level You can measure small amounts of liquids in measuring spoons Fill the spoon to the brim Margarine and butter have measurements on the wrapper One stick=1/2 cup If you need part of a stick, cut through the wrapper at the appropriate marking You can measure solid fats (shortening) in dry measuring cups Pack it in and level it off Use a plastic scraper to remove the fat from the cup Measuring Liquid Ingredients and Fats

Understanding Recipe Mixing Terms
Stir- make circular or figure eight motions Blend, mix, combine –use a spoon to stir two or more ingredients together Beat- use this to smooth a mixture- over-under motion (with spoon or wire whisk) Whip- beat ingredients very rapidly, brings in air and increases volume Cream- combine ingredients until soft and creamy Cut in- use blender or two knives and cutting motion to mix solid fat with dry ingredients Fold-use rubber scraper to combine ingredients Understanding Recipe Mixing Terms

Cutting Terms Chop- cut food into small pieces
Mince- cut food into pieces that are as small as possible (onion) Cube- cut into evenly shaped pieces (1/2 in) on each side Dice- cut into evenly shaped pieces (1/4 in) on each side Pare- cut off the outside of a fruit or veggie Grate-rub food over grater to get fine particles Shred- cut or tear food into long, thin pieces Cutting Terms

Language Arts Write what you think the following words mean: Chop
Mince Dice Cube Pare Grate Shred Language Arts

Baste- Moisten foods such as meat, while cooking-adds flavor and helps from drying out
Brush- lightly cover surface of one food to another Coat-cover surface of food with a dry ingredient ( flour, cornmeal) Garnish- decorate food with a small food item Grease- rub lightly with fat ( oil, butter, margarine) Season- add salt, pepper, herbs, or spices Drain-remove excess liquid by putting food in a colander or strainer Other Cooking Terms

Altering Recipes You may want to change the number of servings
You may need to substitute another ingredient for one you don’t have Yield- amount of food or number of servings a recipe will make If you want more or fewer you will have to alternate recipe Use equivalent measurements Read through ingredient lists to make sure you have all the items If you don’t have an ingredient, you may be able to substitute Some ingredients may be used in place of others Copy chart on page 481 Altering Recipes

Activity Complete activity at the bottom of page 479.
Now with the recipe at your table: Double it Half it What size of pans will you need? What if you don’t have that size? How should you adjust baking and cooking times? Activity

Making Creative and Healthy Changes
At first it is good to do exactly what the recipe says After a while, you may want to try some variations to it May use lean ground beef or turnkey in place of regular ground beef May add more chili powder to make it spicier May use low fat yogurt in place of sour cream If you use understanding of measuring ingredients, common sense, and a dash of creativity, you will be pleased with the results Making Creative and Healthy Changes

Create a set of flashcards to quiz each other on units of measure and equivalents
Teamwork Activity

Does your kitchen have measuring utensils for a variety of measuring tasks? Practice using the utensils to measure various types of ingredients. Homework