2Agenda Purpose of an Interview Types of Interviews Prepare for the InterviewTypes of Interview QuestionsChoose ReferencesAfter the InterviewInterview TipsSummary
3you need to convince an interviewer Job interviews come in all different formsbut one fundamental goal remains the same -you need to convince an interviewerthat you are the one.-Davide Crisante
4Purpose - Employers Learn more about you See your interpersonal/communication skills in actionEvaluate your suitability for the jobSee your motivation/commitmentInterviewers have 3 underlying questions…Can you do it? Will you do it? Will you fit in?
5Purpose - Applicant Highlight skills, qualifications, accomplishments Minimize potential negativesDemonstrate good interpersonal/communication skillsLearn more about position/employerYou never have a second chanceTo make a first impression~ Author unknown
6Types of Interviews Screening One-on-One Panel or Committee Group TelephoneInformal Lunch/Coffee
7Prepare for the Interview Research position/organizationCreate 30-second elevator statementWrite down high-impact stories to sharePrepare to answer any “difficult questions”Decide how to handle illegal questionsCreate list of questions to ask in the interviewInformational interviewsPractice! Practice! Practice!
8Research the Position/Organization Try to identifyGoals, mission, vision, customer base, core businessActivities, tasks, working conditionsInformation sourcesJob posting/advertisementCompany website/annual reportsHuman resources departmentJob descriptions
930-Second Elevator Statement Provides a quick way of sharing information about yourselfIncludeRelevant information about youWhy the position interests youWhy you’re a good fit for the position/organization
10What’s Your Statement? Use the worksheet provided Develop 30-second elevator statement for interesting jobWork in groups of 2 or 3Practice elevator statementsProvide feedback - What worked? What didn’t?Revise elevator statement
11High-Impact Stories Brainstorm high-impact examples Think of your accomplishments and innovative solutionsCreate high-impact stories that answerWhat was the issue?What did you do about it?What was the outcome?Consider ways to share stories in an interview
12Illegal QuestionsIllegal to discriminate if ability to do job not impactedAge, race, gender, ethnicity, sexual preference, disabilityOptionsAnswer questionPolitely refuse to respondAnswer underlying question
13Difficult Questions Uncomfortable questions could be related to Employment gapsInconsistent job historyJob lossPersonal characteristicsIdentify and prepare for tough questionsIdentify questions that might be difficult to answerPractice responding effectively
14Questions to Ask at the Interview What qualities are you looking for in an ideal candidate?What would a typical day/week look like for this job?Why is this position vacant?What kinds of projects can I expect to work on?
15Types of Interview Questions GeneralLearn about you and assess “fit” with job/organizationBehaviouralFocus on past behaviour as a predictor of future behaviourSituationalFocus on problem-solving skillsStressFocus on how you handle stressful situations
16Tips for Answering Interview Questions Listen carefullyAsk for questions to be repeated if necessaryAnswer honestly and completelyRemember to link answer to job/organizationUse relevant examplesStay calm
17What to Expect in the Interview Interviewers willShake your handExpect you to make eye contactWrite down your answers or make notesWant you to look interested and engagedExpect you to come alone to interview
18Choose References Always ask permission Choose appropriate references Keep your references informed of your job searchAvoid obviously political or religious referencesDon’t choose friends/family as referencesMake sure reference can speak positively about you
19After the Interview Say thank you Inform your network and references Follow-up 1 – 2 days after the interviewInform your network and referencesThank them for supportKeep them informed
20Job Offers Prepare to accept, decline, or negotiate job offer Know job’s worthKnow your worth4 “P’s” of successful negotiationCreate a positive environment (think win-win)PreparePrioritize possibilities to considerBe patient
21Interview Tips Prepare for your interview Arrive 10 minutes early Bring your resume and targeted portfolioSmile and look interestedMake eye contactBe aware of your body languageThink before you answerAnswer questions honestlyTurn off your cell phoneKeep answers positive
22Summary Take time to prepare for every interview Research position and organizationDevelop and practice 30-second elevator statementBe prepared to handle difficult/illegal questionsPractice answering common interview questionsDevelop a list of questions to askChoose references wiselyFollow up after the interview