Presentation on theme: "VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE NCO ACADEMY"— Presentation transcript:
1VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE NCO ACADEMY TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES
2TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES REASON: Troop leading procedures (TLP) provide small unit leaders a framework for planning and preparing for operations. Leaders of company and a smaller unit use TLP to develop plans and orders. TLP is a dynamic process to analysis a mission, develop a plan, and prepare for an operation.VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE NCO ACADEMY
3TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES OBJECTIVE:Task: Familiazation of the eight steps of Troop Leading Procedure.Condition: Given in an classroom environment in a lecture format.Standard: To understand and able to explain the purpose of TLP.
4TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES REFERENCE:SH (Ranger Handbook)FM 5-0 (Army Planning and Order Production)
5TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES AGENDA:Explain plan and orders.Explain troop leading procedures.
6TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES Plan: A design for a future or anticipated operation.Permit subordinates commanders to prepare supporting plans and orders.Implement instructions derived from a higher commander’s plan or order.Focus subordinates’ activities.Provide task and activities, constraints, and coordinating instructions necessary for a mission accomplishment.Encourage agility, speed, and initiative during execution.Convey instructions in a standard, recognizable, clear, and simple format.
7TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES Types of plans:An plan is a design for a future or anticipated operation.An operation plan is any plan for the preparation, execution, and assessment of military operations.A service support plan is a plan that provides information and instructions covering service support for an operation.
8TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES Orders: An order is a communication that is written, oral, or by signal, which conveys, instructions from a superior to a subordinate.
9TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES Types of orders:Operation Orders: Is a directive issued by a commander to subordinate commanders for the purpose of effecting the coordinated execution of an operation.Service Support Order: Is an order that directs the service support of operations, including administrative movements.
10TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES Types of orders:3. Movement Orders: Is an order issued by a commander covering the details for a move of the command. (Administrative)4. Warning Orders: Is a preliminary notice of an order or action, which is to follow.5. Fragmentary Order: Is an abbreviated form of an order usually issued on a day by day basis that eliminates the need for restating information contained in a basic operation order.
11TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES Troop leading procedures comprise the following steps. They are what a leader does to prepare his unit to accomplish a tactical mission. The TLP starts when the leader is alerted for a mission or receives a change or new mission. He can perform Steps 3 through 8 in any order, or at the same time.1. Receive the mission.2. Issue a warning order.3. Make a tentative plan.4. Initiate movement.5. Reconnoiter.6. Complete the plan.7. Issue the complete order.8. Supervise.
12TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 1--RECEIVE THE MISSION. The leader may receive the mission in a warning order, an operation order (OPORD), or a fragmentary order (FRAGO). He should use no more than one third of the available time for his own planning and for issuing his OPORD. The remaining two thirds is for subordinates to plan and prepare for the operation. Leaders should also consider other factors such as available daylight and travel time to and from orders and rehearsals.
13TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 2--ISSUE A WARNING ORDER. The leader provides initial instructions in a warning order. The warning ordercontains enough information to begin preparation as soon as possible. The warning order mirrors the five-paragraph OPORD format. A warning order may include--• The mission or nature of the operation (mission statement).• Time and place for issuance of the operation (coordinating instructions).• Who is participating in the operation (coordinating instructions).• Time of the operation (timeline).
14TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 3--MAKE A TENTATIVE PLAN. The leader uses METT-TC to develop an estimate of the situation, which he will use as the basis for his tentative plan. This set of actions is referred to as the leader's mission analysis:Conduct detailed mission planning.Analyze the situation and develop a course of action.
15TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 3--MAKE A TENTATIVE PLAN.3. Upon developing a COA, the unit leader will assign C2, complete generic task organization assigning all organic and attachment elements, and prepare COA statement and sketch.4. With the restated mission from step 1 to provide focus, the leader continues the estimate process using the remaining factors of METT-TC.
16TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES 5. Analyze course of action. 6. Compare course of action. The leader compares the COAs and selects the one that that is most likely to accomplish the assign mission. 7. Make a decision. The leader selects the COA that he believes has the best chance of accomplishing the mission.
17TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 4--START NECESSARY MOVEMENT. The unit may need to begin movement while the leader is still planning or forward reconnoitering. This step may occur anytime during the TLP.
18TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 5--RECONNOITER. If time allows, the leader makes a personal reconnaissance. When time does not allow, the leader must make a map or aerial photo reconnaissance. Sometimes the leader must rely on others, such as scouts, to conduct the reconnaissance.
19TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 6--COMPLETE THE PLAN. The leader completes his plan based on the reconnaissance and any changes in the situation.
20TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 7--ISSUE THE COMPLETE ORDER. Platoon and squad leaders normally issue oral operations orders to aid subordinates in understanding the concept of the mission. Leaders may require subordinates to repeat part of the order, demonstrate it on a terrain model, or sketch their understanding of the operation. Leaders should also quiz their Rangers to ensure that all Rangers understand the mission.
21TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES STEP 8--SUPERVISE AND REFINE. The leader supervises the unit's preparation for combat by conducting rehearsals and inspections.
23TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES AGENDA:Explain plan and orders.Explain troop leading procedures.
24TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES OBJECTIVE:Task: Familiazation of the eight steps of Troop Leading Procedure.Condition: Given in an classroom environment in a lecture format.Standard: To understand and able to explain the purpose of TLP.
25TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES REASON: Troop leading procedures (TLP) provide small unit leaders a framework for planning and preparing for operations. Leaders of company and a smaller unit use TLP to develop plans and orders. TLP is a dynamic process to analysis a mission, develop a plan, and prepare for an operation.
26TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES It is now ____ (time); take a __ minute break; be back in your seats at ____ (time).