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Yes/No Questions & Short Answers Learning Zone - English Universidad Metropolitana Título V Campus.

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Presentation on theme: "Yes/No Questions & Short Answers Learning Zone - English Universidad Metropolitana Título V Campus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Yes/No Questions & Short Answers Learning Zone - English Universidad Metropolitana Título V Campus

2 Index 1.PurposePurpose 2.How to use them – Yes/No QuestionsHow to use them – Yes/No Questions 3. Statements & Questions - ExamplesStatements & Questions - Examples 4. How to use them – Short AnswersHow to use them – Short Answers 5. Affirmative and Negative AnswersAffirmative and Negative Answers 6. ImportantImportant 7. How to use them (Yes/No Questions with other verbs)How to use them (Yes/No Questions with other verbs) 8. ExplanationExplanation 9. Yes/No Questions with other verbsYes/No Questions with other verbs 10. How to use them (Short Answers)How to use them (Short Answers) 11. Affirmative & Negative Answers with other verbsAffirmative & Negative Answers with other verbs 12. PracticePractice 13. More PracticeMore Practice

3 Purpose The purpose to ask a 'Yes/No' question is to have a short answer and in English is more polite than just saying Yes. / No. That is why short answers are very commonly used. Be careful, there can be more than one verb. Sometimes, when using other verbs such as do, have, go, etc., we formulate the questions and answers in a different way. Index

4 How to use them Yes/No questions with verb Be Subject and verb change their position in statement and question. Explanation: In the statement, the verb goes after the subject. On the other hand, when asking a question, the verb goes before the subject Index

5 Statements & Questions with verb Be Statement: I am happy. Subject + verb be + complement Question: Am I happy? Verb be + subject + complement+? Statement: It is big. Subject + verb be + complement Question: Is it big? Verb be + subject + complement+? Statement: We are good friends. Subject + verb be + complement Question: Are we good friends? Verb be + subject + complement+? Index

6 How to use them Short Answers To form short answers, choose if you want to answer in the affirmative (yes) or the negative (no) voice. Then, write the subject or subject pronoun. Finally, write the correct form of the verb be. If you choose no as an answer, write not after the verb. Affirmative Negative Question: Are we funny? Answer: No, we are not. Question: Are we funny? Answer: Yes, we are. Index

7 Affirmative and Negative Answers with verb Be Examples QuestionAffirmative answerNegative answer Are they teachers?Yes, they are.No, they are not. Are we funny?Yes, we are.No, we are not. Is she smart?Yes, she is.No, she is not. Is it amazing?Yes, it is.No, it is not. Am I beautiful?Yes, you are.No, you are not. Index

8 Important If you is the subject of the question, you must be replaced by I. If you is the subject of the question, you must be replaced by I.Question Affirmative Answer Negative Answer Are you working?Yes, I am.No, I am not. Are you busy?Yes, I am.No, I am not. Are you cold?Yes, I am.No, I am not. Index

9 How to use them Yes/No questions with other verbs Subject and verb change their position in statement and question. Explanation: In the statement, the verb goes after the subject. On the other hand, when asking a question, we put an auxiliary verb first, then the subject and the main verb changes to its basic form. Index

10 Explanation When you have the pronouns I, you, we they, you can substitute the noun for a pronoun by following the rules. Then, you will use the verb in its basic form; have, do, go, speak, walk, etc. We add the auxiliary verb Do at the beginning of the question and close with a question mark. The main verb will remain the same even when you change the statement into a question. Index

11 Explanation When dealing with the pronouns he, she, it (if there is a noun, follow the rules to substitute the noun for a pronoun), the verb (in an affirmative voice) will be written differently even though it means the same; such as has, does, goes, speaks, walks, etc. You have to add –es or –s at the end of the main verb. Add the verb Does at the beginning of the question and close with a question mark. Then, when changing the statement into a question, change the verb to its basic form; such as have, do, go, speak, walk, etc. Index

12 Yes/No Questions with other verbs Statement: She has a flower shop. Subject + other verb + complement Question: Does she have a flower shop? Do/Does + subject + main verb + complement + ? Statement: We do yoga. Subject + other verb + complement Question: Do we do yoga? Do/Does + subject + main verb + complement + ? Statement: He goes to the beach every Sunday. Subject + other verb + complement Question: Does he go to the beach every Sunday? Do/Does + subject + main verb + complement+?

13 How to use them Short Answers To form short answers, choose if you want to answer in the affirmative (yes) or the negative (no). Then, write the subject or subject pronoun. Then, write yes or no depending on if your answer is affirmative or negative. If you choose no as an answer, write not after the verb. Affirmative Negative Question: Do you? Answer: Yes, she is. Question: Do you have money? Answer: No, I do not. Question: Do you? Answer: Yes, she is. Question: Do you have money? Answer: Yes, I do. Index

14 Affirmative and Negative Answers with other verbs Examples QuestionAffirmative answerNegative answer Do you need help?Yes, I do.No, I do not. Does he speak French?Yes, he does.No, he does not. Does Sara do yoga?Yes, she does.No, she does not. Does he go to the park?Yes, he does.No, he does not. Do you have a boyfriend? Yes, I do.No, I do not. Index

15 Practice Instructions: Choose the correct short answer depending on what says inside the parenthesis. 1.Jaqueline is my French teacher. (negative) Yes, she is. No, she is not. 2.They are taking Tango lessons. (affirmative) Yes, they are. No, they are not. 3.Are we funny? (affirmative) Yes, we are. No, we are not. Continue

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18 Practice 4.Sandra lives in Bayamón. (negative) Yes, she does. No, she does not. 5. They have a baby boy. (affirmative) Yes, they do. No, they do not. 6.She has blond hair. (affirmative) Yes, she does. No, she does not. Continue

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21 Practice 7.They speak Italian fluently. (negative) Yes, they do. No, they do not. 8.It is beautiful. (affirmative) Yes, it is. No, it is not. 9.He goes to the gym from Monday through Friday. (negative) Yes, he does. No, he does not. 10.London is the capital city of England. (affirmative) Yes, it is. No, it is not. Continue

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24 More practice Instructions: Choose the correct form of question. 1.You are eating sushi. Are you eating sushi? You are eating sushi? 2.My mother is an amazing person. My mother amazing person is an? Is my mother an amazing person? 3.They do Pilates with the instructor. Do Pilates with they do instructor the? Do they do Pilates with the instructor? Continue

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27 Practice 4.Sandra lives in Bayamón. Does Sandra live in Bayamón? Sandra does lives in Bayamón? 5. Mr. Jones has a farm. Does Mr. Jones haves a farm? Does Mr. Jones have a farm? 6. Mary is an excellent student. Is Mary an excellent student? Is Mary is an excellent student? Continue

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30 Practice 7.Julie goes to school every day. Does Julie goes to school every day? Does Julie go to school every day? 8. He has green eyes. Haves he has green eyes? Does he have green eyes? 9. She goes out every weekend. Does she go out every weekend? She does goes out every weekend? 10. Mary and George have a duplex house. Mary and George haves a duplex house? Do Mary and George have a duplex house? Continue

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33 N. Elbaum, Sandra. (2006). Grammar in Context 1 Bibliography

34 Revised by Prof. María Isaac – English Coordinator Cristabel R. Ocasio Ilarraza – English Tutor October 2009


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