Presentation on theme: "National Studies GERMANY 1918 – 1939 Nazism in Power Role of Terror and Repression 2 Enforcing Compliance By S. Angelo Head Teacher History East Hills."— Presentation transcript:
National Studies GERMANY 1918 – 1939 Nazism in Power Role of Terror and Repression 2 Enforcing Compliance By S. Angelo Head Teacher History East Hills Girls Technology High School 2009
Legislation Reichstag Fire Decree Decree for the Protection of the German People 28 February 1933 Freedom of expression, press, assembly, association suspended Indefinite detention without court order Violations to postal, telegraphic, telephone privacy Increased police powers – house searches, confiscations, restrictions on property rights This decree formed the basis of the Nazi repressionThis decree formed the basis of the Nazi repression Enabling Act Act for the Removal of Distress from People and Reich 23 March 1933 Reich cabinet can enact laws National laws may deviate from Constitution Laws prepared by the Chancellor Laws come into effect the day after publication
Gleichschaltung -Controlling All Aspects of Life Laws 1933 April 7: Law for the Co- ordination of the States with the Reich May 2: The German Labour Front – Ley June : Ministry for Public Enlightenment & Propaganda July 14: Law against the Establishment of New Parties Sept: Reich Chamber of Culture Editorial Law Laws 1934 Jan 30: Law for the Reconstruction of the Reich Feb 14: Law for the Abolition of the Reichsrat June 29/30: Elimination of SA leadership July 3: Law Concerning Measures Taken in Defence of the State Aug 1: Law Concerning the Sovereign Head of the German Reich
Party Membership National movement5.3 million members in 1939Members represented all walks of life8 million members by 1945People joined to get jobs; expediencyLeadership = male white collar workersLeadership = craft/working classOrganised into hierarchy parallel to stateArmy & SS
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