Presentation on theme: " starter activity Reichstag Fire, Feb 1933 Enabling Act, March 1933"— Presentation transcript:
1 starter activity Reichstag Fire, Feb 1933 Enabling Act, March 1933 Nuremberg Law, 1935 & Kristallnacht, 1938Night of the Long Knives, June 1934Persecution of ‘undesirables’Death of Hindenburg, August 1934Cult of the FuhrerThe use of propagandaThe use of terrorExplain how each event helped the Nazis establish control. What’s missing?
8 Your taskRead p and make a note of the reasons why so many young people joined the Hitler Youth movement.Study Source C. How useful is this source in measuring the popularity of the Hitler Youth? What are some of the problems in using it?
9 Reasons for the popularity of Hitler Youth Tradition of youth groups in Germany (Volk culture)Alternative youth groups closedFrom 1936 membership compulsoryWell organised – different groups for different agesHitler Youth, League of German Maidens1939 – 8 million members!Baldur von Schirach – Leader of Hitler Youth
10 Reasons for the popularity of Hitler Youth Range of activities – games, sports, physical education, parade, camping – all appealed to young peopleChildren were brainwashed into loyalty to FührerFed anti-Communist & anti-Semitic hatredChildren believed they were helping the war effortHitler Youth soldiers played a crucial role in the defence of Berlin, 1945
11 Not all youths supported the Nazis Not all youths supported the Nazis. Why would these young people have attracted the attention of the Nazi authorities?
12 Your taskDid everyone support the Hitler Youth? Read p.151 in your text book and note the reasons why the Nazis would have been horrified by the behaviour of some young people.Why are there so few examples of young opponents to the Nazis?
13 Opposition from youths Swing clubs – disrespectful to the Führer, e.g. ‘Heil Benny’ greetingEdelweiss Pirates – bullied members of the Hitler YouthSome youths sheltered deserters & escapeesWhite Rose group – distributed Nazi propaganda
14 Not all youths supported the regime – Sophie Scholl and her brother Hans, members of White Rose
15 Writing taskImagine you are on a Hitler Youth training camp. Write a letter to your parents. Refer to the following things in your account:Different types of organisations (including the illegal ones)Typical activities – fun & militaryAttitude to the FuhrerThings you learned about opponents of the regimeHow you helped the war effort
16 Plenary Give 3 examples of typical Nazi activities List 2 different types of youth organisationsList 2 rival youth organisationsGive 3 reasons why so many young people joined the Hitler YouthDo you think all young people actually supported the Nazis?