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Enkhuizen-Kadijken A Middle Bronze Age settlement at a mudflat in West Frisia Wouter Roessingh April 7th-9th 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "Enkhuizen-Kadijken A Middle Bronze Age settlement at a mudflat in West Frisia Wouter Roessingh April 7th-9th 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enkhuizen-Kadijken A Middle Bronze Age settlement at a mudflat in West Frisia Wouter Roessingh April 7th-9th 2011

2 Structure lecture - Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia - Archaeological research Enkhuizen-Kadijken - Research results - Conclusion

3 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia

4 Oostwoud 1956 Hoogkarspel 1958

5 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia Hoogkarspel-Watertoren

6 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia Andijk – West 1973Andijk – Oost 1973

7 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia Bovenkarspel-Het Valkje

8 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia

9 Medemblik – Schepenwijk II 2007 (ACVU-HBS)

10 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia Zwaagdijk - Oost 2009 (ARC)

11 Bronze Age settlements in West Frisia

12 1.Hoogkarspel-Watertoren 2.Andijk-West 3.Andijk-Oost 4.Bovenkarspel-Het Valkje 5.Medemblik-Schepenwijk II 6.Zwaagdijk-Oost 7.Enkhuizen-Kadijken

13 Enkhuizen-Kadijken location

14 Kadijken 5A

15 Enkhuizen-Kadijken Kadijken-5A

16 Enkhuizen-Kadijken Kadijken-5B

17 Enkhuizen-Kadijken

18 Archaeological research Enkhuizen-Kadijken

19

20 Enkhuizen-Kadijken

21

22 1 barrow 12 house plans 255 circular structures 87 wells Numerous ditches

23 Enkhuizen-Kadijken barrow Secondary interment Male 20–25 years old

24 Enkhuizen-Kadijken house plans Description - Three aisled with ditch around the house - Entrance in the short sides - 16–22 m long and 6-7 m wide Chronology house ditch - Oldest houses with round ditch around house plan - Houses with straight ditches around or alongside house plan - Houses with wide and deep ditches, further away from house plan - Youngest houses on terps, only deep ditches remain

25 Enkhuizen-Kadijken house plans Round ditch around house plan Straight ditch around house plan

26 Enkhuizen-Kadijken house plans Wide and deep ditch further away from house plan

27 Enkhuizen-Kadijken house plans

28

29 Enkhuizen-Kadijken circular structures 255 circular structures Pit circles and round ditches Distribution everywhere Probably grain stooks

30 Enkhuizen-Kadijken circular structures

31 Enkhuizen-Kadijken wells 87 wells Located in ditches No wooden construction Few finds

32 Enkhuizen-Kadijken ditches Numerous ditches Separate individual and groups of farmsteads Drainage

33 Enkhuizen-Kadijken ditches

34 Enkhuizen-Kadijken finds Pottery (3.000) Animal bone (10.000) Stone (500) Flint (150) Wood (20)

35 Enkhuizen-Kadijken pottery Hoogkarspel-oud pottery (1500 – 1200 BC) Hoogkarspel-jong pottery (1100 – 800 BC)

36 Enkhuizen-Kadijken animal bone

37 Cattle 94% Pig 2% Sheep/goat 1% Horse1% Dog 1% Brown bear! Moose Red deer Beaver Fish: Bream, carp, catfish, pike, perch & eel.

38 Enkhuizen-Kadijken stone artefacts - Cooking stones - Grinding stones (also tephrite) - Whetstones - Hammer stones - Flint / fragments of sickle

39 Enkhuizen-Kadijken wooden planks

40 Enkhuizen-Kadijken fish trap

41

42

43 Enkhuizen-Kadijken phasing Different orientation Late Bronze Age pottery

44 Enkhuizen-Kadijken Phasing

45 Phase – 1400 BC

46 Enkhuizen-Kadijken Phasing Phase – 1200 BC

47 Enkhuizen-Kadijken Phasing Phase – 800 BC

48 Conclusion

49

50

51 Molenaarsgraaf Noordwijk Fokkens 2005

52


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