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Stone Age – the longest human age, probably began around 2.5 million years ago. - Humans used stones as tools. Stone Age – the longest human age, probably.

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Presentation on theme: "Stone Age – the longest human age, probably began around 2.5 million years ago. - Humans used stones as tools. Stone Age – the longest human age, probably."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Stone Age – the longest human age, probably began around 2.5 million years ago. - Humans used stones as tools. Stone Age – the longest human age, probably began around 2.5 million years ago. - Humans used stones as tools.

3 Bronze age – started around 5,000 years ago. People were living in Mesopotamia (now Iraq). - Humans discovered how to make bronze tools, from a combination of copper and tin. Bronze age – started around 5,000 years ago. People were living in Mesopotamia (now Iraq). - Humans discovered how to make bronze tools, from a combination of copper and tin.

4 Iron age – People in Asia Minor (now Turkey) discovered iron. - We are dependent on iron today. Iron age – People in Asia Minor (now Turkey) discovered iron. - We are dependent on iron today.

5 Middle Age – came between 476 C.E. and 1500 C.E. The Renaissance was a period of growth in art and literature. It was during the Middle Ages. Middle Age – came between 476 C.E. and 1500 C.E. The Renaissance was a period of growth in art and literature. It was during the Middle Ages.

6 Industrial Age – refers to the time around 1750 to the present. The steam engine, the assembly line, and modern transportation brought people from farms to cities. Industrial Age – refers to the time around 1750 to the present. The steam engine, the assembly line, and modern transportation brought people from farms to cities.

7 Time Line - show how closely or how far apart time events happened.

8 Multiple tiers – helps you see two or more series of events that are related. America Celebrates Labor Day Crocodile Hunter dies after being stung by poisonous stingray barb 9/4/06

9 Eons – billions of years long. Eras – eons are divided into. Periods – eras are divided into. Epoch – the smallest division of geological time. Ages – the time that humans have spent on Earth

10 Chronological Order – Placing events in order when they happened. Using this system, an event that happened in 1802 would come before and event that happened in 1902.

11 Century – 100 year span between the years ex: 1700s, 1800s, 1900s Millenia – 1000 year span between the years ex: 0 – 1000,

12 Decade – 10 year span between the years ex: 1980s, 1990s, 2000s Year – 1 year span or days or the time it takes the Earth to orbit the sun ex: 2009, 2010, 2011

13 Era – A period of time marked by a special event or leader. An era is not set by a number of years. Ex: The Civil War era (The time that the Americans were engaged in the Civil War.)

14 The designations BCE and CE are simply a different way to write the traditional BC and AD.

15 - The basis of our modern calendar was developed by Christian monks in the Middle Ages who decided to begin numbering years with the birth of Christ, and designate that year "0.

16 - Years following year 0 were designated AD, for the Latin Anno Domini, "in the year of the Lord." Years counting backward before year 0 came to be designated BC, before Christ.

17 The designations BCE, Before the Common Era, and CE, the Common Era, were adopted in order to retain a long established way of counting years.

18 BC = BCE AD = CE

19 Cause and Effect - An earlier event causes another event to occur, and we can say that the later event is one of the effects of the earlier event.

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21 Creation Theory – Comes from the Old Testament and says that God created the Earth in seven days, putting all forms of life on the planet.

22 Big Bang Theory – There was a big explosion out in space, and the Earth is merely a fragment of that explosion.

23 Dust to Planet Theory – Minute dust particles out in space slowly joined together until eventually Earth was formed.

24 Evolution Theory – Humans have changed physically and mentally over time.

25 - People used stones as tools and weapons. Paleolithic Era – Old Stone Age, 2 million years ago to 8500 BCE.

26 Hunter- gatherers – early humans that hunted for food or gathered it where it grew wild. Neanderthals – early humans that lived around 150,000 years ago.

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28 Culture – beliefs, attitudes, art, customs, and traditions. Mesolithic Era – Middle Stone Age, 8500 BCE to 8000 BCE. Neolithic Era – New Stone Age, 8000 BCE to 3000 BCE.

29 - Humans developed the earliest known tools. - Survived on plants and scavenged meat. - Learned to control fire. - Developed more complex chopper tools. (hand ax)

30 - Rising sea levels and a changing environment. - Hunting became more efficient due to tools. - Dogs were domesticated into hunting partners.

31 - Agriculture (farming) was adopted. - Pottery became a way to make new tools. - Large settlements (cities) began to shape.

32 - Began around 9000 BCE in the region called the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia. - Climate was long dry season with short periods of rain, which was suitable for small plants like wheat and barley.

33 FERTILE CRESCENT

34 Division of Labor – people did different jobs to serve the different needs of their community. - The separation of total work required to produce a good or service into individual interrelated tasks.

35 - Domestication of animals became important during this period of time. - The animals' size, temperament, diet, mating patterns, and life span were factors in the desire and success in domesticating animals.

36 - Animals that provided milk, such as cows and goats, offered a source of protein that was renewable and therefore quite valuable. -The animals ability as a worker (plowing), as well as a food source, also had to be taken into account.

37 - Besides being a direct source of food, certain animals could provide leather, wool, hides, and fertilizer. - Some of the earliest domesticated animals included sheep, goats, cows, pigs, and dogs.

38 Oral History – History passed on by word of mouth. - This is how history survived when there was no system of writing. - This is how history survived when there was no system of writing.

39 Artifacts – Objects made by people in the past. - It could be an ancient Greek vase or something as simple as a pile of bricks. - It could be an ancient Greek vase or something as simple as a pile of bricks.

40 Sources – Anything that provides information or evidence about the past. - Historians (people who study the past) use different kinds of sources to study what they want to know.

41 Primary Sources – Any artifact that was created at that time. - Handwritten books - Photographs - Songs - Carvings in rocks - Handwritten books - Photographs - Songs - Carvings in rocks

42 Secondary Sources – Was created later than the time in history. - History book (or textbook) - Biographies - Articles - Essay - History book (or textbook) - Biographies - Articles - Essay

43 Archaeologists – People who study the remains of past cultures. Excavate – When Archaeologists dig up a historical site.


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