Presentation on theme: "Early Human History Paleolithic art from Lascaux, France."— Presentation transcript:
1 Early Human HistoryPaleolithic art from Lascaux, France.
2 I. The Stone Age Stone Age split into three distinct periods: Paleolithic (Old Stone) Age – roughly 2 million years ago until 12,000 B.C.E.Mesolithic (Middle Stone) Age – about 12,000 to 8,000 B.C.E.Neolithic (New Stone) Age – about 8,000 to 3,000 B.C.E.Life during Paleolithic ageSimple tool use (stones of varying shapes and sizes, sticks)Nomads – highly mobile people, move from place to place, typically in search of food/water sourcesHunting-gathering– depend on hunting animals and collecting foodsPopulation growth was slow – hunter-gatherer way of life cannot support large groups
3 I. continued… Life in Paleolithic Age continued… Late Paleolithic – development of cultureA people’s unique way of life – helps explain the environment and rules for social behaviorDevelopment of complex languages and speechMigration patterns emerge – all continents (ex. Antarctica) populated by end of Paleolithic AgeDevelopments in the Mesolithic AgeClimate changeLast great Ice Age ends, living conditions improve for most of the Northern HemisphereHuman progress accelerates – tools, weapons become more sophisticated (still stone)Food storage, animal domestication (taming) beginsPopulation growth acceleratedCHALLENGE QUESTION!
4 II. Neolithic AgeBetween 10,000 and 12,000 years ago, agriculture (farming) beganCalled the Neolithic RevolutionTook thousands of years to spread from Middle East (Fertile Crescent) to rest of worldMany groups began by practicing an early agriculture technique called slash-and-burn farming:Cut and burned vegetation to clear a field – allowed to grow back after a season or two, once farmers have moved onFurther domestication of animals – horses, dogs, goats, pigs, sheep, camelsPopulation increase
5 II. Continued…Neolithic Revolution paves way for permanent settlementsAgriculture allowed larger groups to live in one placeCatal Huyuk – example of early settlementA Neolithic Age village, founded about 7,000 B.C.E. in modern-day TurkeyPopulation was in the thousands (a real metropolis for its time)Cultural life flourished, beginnings of what we might consider civilizationDrawbacks: disease, warfare becomes more commonNeolithic Revolution comic
6 DISCUSSION!Some historians and anthropologists have said that the invention of farming is both the best and worst thing to happen to humanity. What do you think that means?Use your reading and in-class notes, as well as your own opinions, to help you formulate a brief response.We will have a 15-minute round-table discussion concerning this statement. YOU MUST PARTICIPATE.