Presentation on theme: "Archaeologist: A person who studies the remains of ancient societies to learn about past ways of life. Anthropologist: A person who studies early human."— Presentation transcript:
Archaeologist: A person who studies the remains of ancient societies to learn about past ways of life. Anthropologist: A person who studies early human beings and the way societies and cultures originate and are organized. Paleontologist: A person who studies life existing in prehistoric times through fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.
Radio Carbon Dating + Organic material, up to 50,000 years. + Rate of decay of radioactive carbon atoms. Potassium Argon Dating + Dates stone, up to 3 billion years.
Tanzania, million years One of earliest evidences of hominid existence. Ash, rain, prints, sun, ash, plant growth. Mary Leakey
How old is she? Where was she found? 3.6 million years, Ethiopia. How do we know? Fossilized crocodile and turtle eggs, same sediment level. Potassium argon dating method. What is Lucys ultimate significance? Oldest, most complete, best preserved skeletal remains of early hominid existence.
They think she died at 20 and suffered from severe arthritis. How do they know??? Paleopathology A paleopathologist is one who studies old and diseased things, specifically, diseases of human and animal as inferred from recent or fossilized skeletal remains.
Location: Ethiopia, Tanzania (southern ape) Time Period 4-1 million years ago Physical Characteristics 3-5 ft. tall, 500 cubic centimeters cranial capacity (1/3 of modern human Technology used objects in crude form Special Characteristics 1 st hominid? Lucy and Laetoli footprints
Olduvai Gorge - Area in northern Tanzania where Louis and Mary Leakey unearthed a skull of a Homo habilis.
Skull fragments: 1.8 million years
Location: Tanzania (Olduvai Gorge), Leakeys Time Period: million years Physical Characteristics 50% larger cranial capacity (750 cubic cm.) Technology: stone tools found in Olduvai Gorge Special characteristics: Beginning of stone age, (100 lbs of elephant meat carved in one hour!)
Location: Africa, Europe, S.W. Asia, S.E. Asia Time Period: 2-1 million years Physical Characteristics Cranial capacity 1000 cubic cm, 6 ft. tall! Technology: 1st to use fire Special characteristics: 1st to leave Africa
Take notes on the following during the video. 1.Two theories on the fate of Neanderthal 2.Theories as to why he became extinct 3.Evidence of sophistication
Location: Europe, S.W. Asia (Neander Valley, Germany) Time Period: 200,000-30,000 years Technology: Temporary shelters, wood, bone and stone tools, excellent hunters Physical characteristics: Cranial capacity of modern humans (bigger?), 10-20% heavier bone mass than modern man, low brow, barrel chest, 5-51/2 feet tall Special Characteristics: Burial ceremonies (afterlife?), evolution, or extinction?, braved the Ice Age
(Anatomically modern man)
Archaeologists sometimes call the late Paleolithic period of Cro- Magnon man as The Great Leap Forward. Compile a list of Cro-Magnon achievements that might justify this claim.
Discovered in Dates 12,000 – 25,000 BC.
Location: Africa, Europe, Asia, Americas Time Period: 70,000-15,000 years BC Physical Characteristics: Modern Man, larynx (organized speech, 50 yr. life expectancy (Neanderthal=40) Technology: (over 100 tools) stone, bone wood=fish hook, spear, harpoon, atlatl, chisel, sewing needle, Special Characteristics: cave art, jewelry, leap in technology, creativity
Robert Braidwood Excavation at Jarmo, Iraq
1 of earliest Neolithic villages found Settlement of people Stone sickles, bowls Domesticated goats, sheep and dogs 16 layers of sediment 16 th =charred seeds of wheat and barley dating to 7,000 BC 1 of earliest known uses of agriculture
Catal Huyuk – Neolithic Village
South Central Turkey Neolithic village Population 6,0000 6,000 BC Largest Neolithic village ever excavated Shrines for worship, mother goddess Evidence of agriculture, grain storage