Presentation on theme: "Dr. Makin 8 th Grade Clarence Middle School. Causes: Burning Fossil fuels increases Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere Deforestation reduces the amount."— Presentation transcript:
Dr. Makin 8 th Grade Clarence Middle School
Causes: Burning Fossil fuels increases Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere Deforestation reduces the amount of CO 2 absorbed by the plants
Large bodies of water like the oceans Large cities Ocean currents Trade winds
Polar zones (cold) Temperate zones(moderate) Tropical zones (hot and wet) Dessert zones (hot and dry)
Pollution Volcanic eruptions Reflection of ice and snow
The lower the angle of the sun hitting a particular area on the Earth the colder that place will be.
an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador(tropical Pacific Ocean), typically in late December.
Temperature The amount and type of precipitation The vegetation that grow there Climate changes less frequently unlike weather Climate is weather measured over a long period of time
The sun warms the water on the earth and it rises to the proper altitude where it cools and condenses to form a cloud
Is measured by Temperature Cloud cover Wind speed Humidity Air pressure Wind direction and speed which can change with changes in temperature and pressure
Happens when water becomes to heavy to be suspended in the clouds.
Are weather storms that can last several weeks and has winds of over 120 mph
There are six main things that affect weather. These are: 1. Latitude 2. Altitude 3. Prevailing winds 4. Distance from the sea 5. Ocean currents 6. Great mountain barriers.
A warm front is a transition zone between a mass of warm air and the colder air it is replacing. A cold front is defined as the transition zone where a cold air mass is replacing a warmer air mass. An occluded front is a composite front where a cold front overtakes a warm front and pushes it upward. A stationary front is a front between warm and cold air masses that is moving very slowly or not at all.